Fort Donelson Union order of battle

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The following Union Army units and commanders fought in the Battle of Fort Donelson of the American Civil War. Order of battle compiled from the casualty returns,[1] and the reports.[2] The Confederate order of battle is listed separately.

Abbreviations used[edit]

Military Rank[edit]


Union Forces[edit]

District of Cairo[edit]

BG Ulysses S. Grant, Commanding

Division Brigade Regiments and Others

First Division

     BG John A. McClernand

1st Brigade
K-184, W-603, M-66 = 853

   Col Richard J. Oglesby

2nd Brigade
K-99, W-350, M-98 = 547

   Col William H. L. Wallace

3rd Brigade
K-28, W-105, M-19 = 152

   Col William R. Morrison (w)
   Col Isham N. Haynie[4][5]
   Col Leonard F. Ross

  • 17th Illinois: Col Leonard F. Ross, Maj Francis M. Smith, Cpt Henry H. Bush
  • 49th Illinois: Ltc Phineas Pease
  • Battery H, 1st Missouri Artillery
  • Battery K, 1st Missouri Artillery

Second Division

     BG Charles F. Smith

1st Brigade
K-69, W-340, M-20 = 429

   Col John McArthur

3rd Brigade
K-10, W-109, M-2 = 121

   Col John Cook

4th Brigade
K-55, W-301, M-1 = 357

   Col Jacob G. Lauman

5th Brigade
K-11, W-69, M-0 = 80

   Col Morgan L. Smith

Third Division[7]

     BG Lew Wallace

1st Brigade
K-35, W-182, M-16 = 233

   Col Charles Cruft

2nd Brigade
K6, W-15, M-1 = 22

   attached to 3rd brigade

3rd Brigade
K-3, W-24, M-1 = 28

   Col John M. Thayer

K-0, W-20, M-0 = 20
  • Battery A, 1st Illinois Light Artillery: Lt Peter P. Wood
  • 32nd Illinois, Company A: Cpt Henry Davidson

Western Flotilla[edit]

Flag Officer Andrew H. Foote (w)

Class Vessel

City class ironclad

U.S.S. St. Louis

Lieutenant Leonard Paulding
(K-2, W-8, M-0 = 10)

U.S.S. Carondelet

Commander Henry Walke
(K-5, W-28, M-0 = 33)

U.S.S. Louisville

Commander Benjamin M. Dove
(K-4, W-5, M-0 = 9)

U.S.S. Pittsburgh

Lieutenant Egbert Thompson
(K-0, W-2, M-0 = 2)


U.S.S. Tyler

Lieutenant William Gwin

U.S.S. Conestoga

Lieutenant Seth L. Phelps

U.S.S. Lexington

Lieutenant James Shirk

Rear Guard[edit]

These units were attached to the District of Cairo but were posted to guard duty and did not take part in the campaign against Fort Donelson.[8]

Post Brigade Regiments and Others

Bird's Point, MO

4th Brigade
(1st Division)

   Col James D. Morgan

Cairo, IL


   BG Eleazar A. Paine

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Official Records, Series I, Volume VII, page 167
  2. ^ Official Records, Series I, Volume VII, page 157
  3. ^ History of the 2nd Illinois Cavalry
  5. ^ Haynie's regiment was temporarily attached to the 3rd Brigade on Feb. 13 to participate in an assault on a Confederate battery. Haynie outranked Morrison and therefore was the senior commander. Quickly into the fighting Morrison was wounded and when the attacked failed Haynie's regiment was returned to the 2nd Brigade. (Cooling p. 145) Leonard F. Ross was then elevated to command of the 3rd Brigade.
  6. ^ The 52nd Illinois (Col Sweeny, Eicher p.519) moved to Fort Donelson between Feb 10-17 [1] and was primarily involved in prisoner transport.
  7. ^ Division created February 14. General Wallace transferred from 5th Brigade, 2nd Division (Eicher p.551)
  8. ^ Gott p.77


  • Cooling, Benjamin Franklin, The Campaign for Fort Donelson, U.S. National Park Service and Eastern National, 1999, ISBN 1-888213-50-7.
  • Eicher, John H., and David J. Eicher. Civil War High Commands. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 2001. ISBN 0-8047-3641-3.
  • Gott, Kendall D., Where the South Lost the War: An Analysis of the Fort Henry—Fort Donelson Campaign, February 1862, Stackpole books, 2003, ISBN 0-8117-0049-6.
  • U.S. War Department, The War of the Rebellion: a Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, U.S. Government Printing Office, 1880–1901.