Fort Durham

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"Fort Taku" redirects here. For the forts in China, see Taku Forts.
Fort Durham Site
Fort Durham is located in Alaska
Fort Durham
Location Juneau City and Borough, Alaska, USA
Nearest city Juneau, Alaska
Coordinates 58°02′01″N 134°0′01″W / 58.03361°N 134.00028°W / 58.03361; -134.00028Coordinates: 58°02′01″N 134°0′01″W / 58.03361°N 134.00028°W / 58.03361; -134.00028
Built 1840
Architect Douglas,James
Governing body U.S. Forest Service
NRHP Reference # 78000529
Significant dates
Added to NRHP May 5, 1978[1]
Designated NHL June 2, 1978[2]

Fort Durham, also known as Fort Taku, Taku, Taco, and Tacouw and in legal terms as AHRS Site JUN 036 is an archaeological site near Taku Harbor, Alaska, within the limits of Juneau City and Borough and Tongass National Forest. It was one of three Hudson's Bay Company (HBC) posts set up in Russian America.[3]

In 1834 the HBC tried to establish a post on the Stikine River, British rights to which had been one of the terms of the Russo-British Treaty of 1825. The effort was blocked, temporarily, by the Russians, resulting in high-level negotiations between the British and Russian governments. One result of these negotiations was the 1839 ten-year lease of what is today the Alaska Panhandle. Under the terms of the agreement the HBC had the right to establish posts, hunt, and trade furs along the coast in exchange for furnishing the Russian American Company with food. The HBC took advantage immediately, sending James Douglas north in the Beaver in 1840. Douglas explored the Taku River and built Fort Durham (or Taku) on the coast just south of the river's mouth. He also took possession of Redoubt San Dionisio (Fort Saint Dionysius), which lay off the mouth of the Stikine River on Etolin Island, near today's Wrangell, Alaska (and renamed it Fort Stikine), which the Russians had agreed to transfer to the HBC under the 1839 lease agreement.[4]

In 1841 the HBC governor George Simpson ordered Fort Durham and other coastal posts closed, because the Beaver was able to conduct the coastal fur trade without the need for more than the single permanent post of Fort Simpson. The HBC closed operations at Fort Durham in 1843.[5]

The Fort Durham Site was declared a U.S. National Historic Landmark in 1978.[2]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2007-01-23. 
  2. ^ a b "Fort Durham Site". National Historic Landmark summary listing. National Park Service. Retrieved 2007-12-28. 
  3. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Fort Durham Site
  4. ^ Mackie, Richard Somerset (1997). Trading Beyond the Mountains: The British Fur Trade on the Pacific 1793-1843. Vancouver: University of British Columbia (UBC) Press. pp. 140–142. ISBN 0-7748-0613-3. 
  5. ^ Mackie, Richard Somerset (1997). Trading Beyond the Mountains: The British Fur Trade on the Pacific 1793-1843. Vancouver: University of British Columbia (UBC) Press. pp. 269–270–142. ISBN 0-7748-0613-3.