Fort Frances

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Fort Frances
Town
Fort Frances ON 2.JPG
Coat of arms of Fort Frances
Coat of arms
Motto: Industry and perseverance
Fort Frances is located in Ontario
Fort Frances
Fort Frances
Coordinates: 48°37′N 93°24′W / 48.617°N 93.400°W / 48.617; -93.400Coordinates: 48°37′N 93°24′W / 48.617°N 93.400°W / 48.617; -93.400
Country  Canada
Province  Ontario
District Rainy River
Incorporated 1903
Government
 • Mayor Roy Avis
 • Federal riding Thunder Bay—Rainy River
 • Prov. riding Kenora—Rainy River
Area[1]
 • Land 26.85 km2 (10.37 sq mi)
Population (2011)[1]
 • Total 7,951
 • Density 301.8/km2 (782/sq mi)
Demonym Fort Francesian
Time zone CST (UTC−6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC−5)
Postal code P9A
Area code(s) 807
Website www.fort-frances.com

Fort Frances is a town in, and the seat of, Rainy River District in Northwestern Ontario, Canada. The population as of the 2011 census was 7,952. Fort Frances is a popular fishing destination, it hosts the Fort Frances Canadian Bass Championship annually.

Located on the international border with the United States where Rainy Lake narrows to become Rainy River, it is connected to International Falls, Minnesota, by the Fort Frances-International Falls International Bridge. The town is the third largest community of Northwestern Ontario after Thunder Bay and Kenora, the town offers many shopping and dining outlets. Resolute Forest Products (AbitibiBowater) is the main industry in Fort Frances.

Fort Frances and International Falls is the setting for the fictional Rocky and Bullwinkle television series, created by Jay Ward in collaboration with Bill Scott and Alex Anderson. International Falls, in the series, was nicknamed "FrostBite Falls". The series continues today through syndication. Fort Frances was also where the Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) fictional character Dudley Do-Right was stationed as an officer to combat the notorious Russian spies "Boris and Natasha" and his sworn enemy, "Snidely Whiplash”.

On August 25th, 2013, the town hosted the final pitstop in the Kraft Celebration Tour. They received the most votes out of all 20 communities

On Jan 14 2014 Resolute Forest Products announced that it planned to stop operations of the final paper machine and close out its operations in Fort Frances by the end of the month.

History[edit]

Fort Frances courthouse

This was the first European settlement west of Lake Superior; it was established by French Canadian Pierre Gaultier de Varennes et de La Vérendrye, first commander of the western district. In 1731 he built Fort St. Pierre near this spot as support for the fur trade with native peoples. In 1732 his expedition built Fort St. Charles on Magnuson Island on the west side of Lake of the Woods. After some time, Fort St. Pierre fell out of use.[2]

In 1817, following the War of 1812 and redefinition of borders between Canada and the United States, the Hudson's Bay Company (HBC) built a fort here. Officials named the subsequent settlement after Lady Frances Simpson, wife of then Hudson's Bay Company Governor George Simpson, who visited the fort many times.[2]

Incorporated in 1903, the town held a big centennial celebration in 2003.

The main employer is a pulp and paper mill established in the early 1900s. It has had numerous owners over the years, notably Edward Wellington Backus. Now owned by Resolute Forest Products, the mill employs about 700 persons.

On June 25, 1946, the town was struck by a tornado which caused major damage. This tornado struck a week after the deadly Windsor tornado.

Transportation[edit]

There are three airports in the area, one in the United States. The two local airports are for general aviation and other a privately owned floatplane base.

Ontario Highway 11 and Ontario Highway 71 are two major roads in Fort Frances. Both are part of the Trans Canada Highway and the latter ends in Fort Frances. The town is connected to Kenora via Highway 71, while Highway 11 provides connections to Devlin, Emo, and Rainy River to the west, and Atikokan to the east.

Canadian National Railway travels into Fort Frances with freight traffic only and travels across the International Bridge into the US.

Train, truck and car traffic to and from the United States is via the Fort Frances-International Falls International Bridge over the Rainy River.

Fort Frances Transit operated until 1996 and Fort Frances Handi-Van Transit is a provincial funded service run by the Town of Fort Frances. Caribou Coach Transportation Company Incorporated runs a bus route to and from Thunder Bay. This route was once served by Greyhound Canada.

Climate[edit]

Fort Frances has a relatively extreme humid continental climate with bitterly cold winters and temperate summers. Temperatures beyond 34 degrees C has been measured in all five late spring and summer months. Summer highs are comparable to Paris and the Los Angeles Basin coastline in California, whereas winter lows on average resemble southern Siberia and polar subarctic inland Scandinavia.

Climate data for Fort Frances (1981−2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 10.0
(50)
13.0
(55.4)
24.4
(75.9)
31.7
(89.1)
35.0
(95)
40.0
(104)
42.2
(108)
35.6
(96.1)
34.4
(93.9)
31.1
(88)
22.8
(73)
13.9
(57)
42.2
(108)
Average high °C (°F) −9.5
(14.9)
−5.3
(22.5)
1.1
(34)
10.5
(50.9)
18.0
(64.4)
22.6
(72.7)
25.3
(77.5)
24.0
(75.2)
18.3
(64.9)
10.2
(50.4)
0.5
(32.9)
−6.8
(19.8)
9.1
(48.4)
Daily mean °C (°F) −15.3
(4.5)
−11.4
(11.5)
−4.8
(23.4)
4.0
(39.2)
11.2
(52.2)
16.3
(61.3)
18.9
(66)
17.7
(63.9)
12.5
(54.5)
5.2
(41.4)
−3.6
(25.5)
−11.6
(11.1)
3.3
(37.9)
Average low °C (°F) −21.0
(−5.8)
−17.4
(0.7)
−10.6
(12.9)
−2.5
(27.5)
4.4
(39.9)
9.9
(49.8)
12.5
(54.5)
11.3
(52.3)
6.7
(44.1)
0.1
(32.2)
−7.6
(18.3)
−16.5
(2.3)
−2.6
(27.3)
Record low °C (°F) −45.0
(−49)
−45.5
(−49.9)
−37.2
(−35)
−28.5
(−19.3)
−11.1
(12)
−5.0
(23)
0.6
(33.1)
−4.0
(24.8)
−7.8
(18)
−16.7
(1.9)
−38.0
(−36.4)
−42.0
(−43.6)
−45.5
(−49.9)
Precipitation mm (inches) 34.7
(1.366)
21.9
(0.862)
26.3
(1.035)
41.2
(1.622)
77.7
(3.059)
119.0
(4.685)
96.7
(3.807)
91.6
(3.606)
82.9
(3.264)
56.5
(2.224)
46.0
(1.811)
31.9
(1.256)
726.3
(28.594)
Rainfall mm (inches) 0.0
(0)
2.1
(0.083)
12.1
(0.476)
30.9
(1.217)
77.4
(3.047)
119.0
(4.685)
96.7
(3.807)
91.6
(3.606)
82.6
(3.252)
53.3
(2.098)
16.4
(0.646)
2.7
(0.106)
584.7
(23.02)
Snowfall cm (inches) 34.7
(13.66)
19.8
(7.8)
14.2
(5.59)
10.3
(4.06)
0.25
(0.098)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.31
(0.122)
3.3
(1.3)
29.7
(11.69)
29.2
(11.5)
141.6
(55.75)
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 0.2 mm) 8.1 6.4 6.1 7.3 13.4 13.3 12.9 11.7 12.6 11.6 8.1 8.0 119.4
Avg. rainy days (≥ 0.2 mm) 0.0 0.64 2.0 6.0 13.4 13.3 12.9 11.7 12.6 10.5 2.5 0.58 85.9
Avg. snowy days (≥ 0.2 cm) 8.1 6.0 4.2 2.0 0.12 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.08 1.5 6.2 7.5 35.6
Source: Environment Canada[3][4]

Demographics[edit]

Census Population
1901 697
1911 1,611
1921 3,109
1931 5,470
1941 5,849
1951 8,038
1961 9,481
1971 9,947
1981 8,906
1991 8,891
1996 8,790
2001 8,315
2006 8,103
2011 7,952

Fort Frances had a population of 7,952 people in 2011, which was a decrease of 1.9% from the 2006 census count. The median household income in 2005 for Fort Frances was $54,859, which is below the Ontario provincial average of $60,455.[1]

Coat of arms[edit]

The city coat of arms features a bull moose; maple leaves; a "Magneto", representative of electricity (industry); two men in a canoe; a white pine tree; and the motto "Industry and Perseverance."

Media[edit]

Newspapers[edit]

Online Media[edit]

  • NWO Update

Television stations[edit]

The only local television channel serving Fort Frances is the Shaw TV community channel on Shaw Cable channel 10.

There are no local broadcast outlets or repeaters serving Fort Frances; Shaw Cable carries CBWT-DT (CBC), CBWFT-DT (Radio-Canada) and CKY-DT (CTV) from Winnipeg, CJBN-TV (Global) from Kenora, CITV-DT (Global) from Edmonton, and TVO, plus CITY-DT (Citytv), CHCH-DT (independent), CFTM-DT (TVA, live feed) and TFO.

United States network programming on Shaw TV comes from Detroit (WDIV-TV, WXYZ-TV, WWJ-TV, and WTVS) and Rochester (WUHF); stations from the Duluth television market are not available on cable, though they are available over-the-air from repeaters in International Falls.

Radio stations[edit]

Another radio station, CKWO FM 92.3, was licensed to the neighbouring Couchiching First Nation. The station closed and went silent in 2007.

Education[edit]

Elementary and secondary schools[edit]

Rainy River District School Board

  • Fort Frances High School
  • Robert Moore School
  • JW Walker School

Northwest Catholic District School Board

  • St Michael's School
  • St Francis School

Post-secondary schools[edit]

Seven Generations Education Institute

Notable Fort Francesians[edit]

Culture and attractions[edit]

  • The Fort Frances Museum
  • The Border Land Arts Alliance
  • Tour de Fort
  • Folk Festival
  • Pither's Point Park
  • LaVerendrye Parkway
  • Scott Street and Kings Highway Shopping Districts
  • Kitchen Creek Golf Club
  • Heron Landing Golf Course
  • Logging Tug Hallet
  • 8th Street Walking & Ski Trails
  • Little Beaver Snow Park
  • Royal Canadian Legion Park
  • Clover Valley Farmer's Market
  • City Hall
  • The Parkway Tower
  • Rendezvous Yacht Club
  • The Noden Causeway
  • Fort Frances Library and Technology Centre

Sport[edit]

Fort Frances is home to the following amateur sports teams:

Fort Frances was the home of the former amateur sports teams:

Sporting facilities include:

  • Memorial Sports Center
  • Energy Fitness Centre

Sources[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Fort Frances community profile". 2011 Census data. Statistics Canada. Retrieved 2011-05-03. 
  2. ^ a b "A Short History of Fort Frances". Town of Fort Frances. Retrieved 2011-05-03. 
  3. ^ "Fort Frances Airport". Canadian Climate Normals 1981–2010. Environment Canada. Retrieved October 13, 2013. 
  4. ^ Note that extremes data was combined from the Fort Frances station data with the airport data after 1995 when the original station was stopped operating.

External links[edit]