Fort George, New York

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

Fort George, New York was the name of five forts in the state of New York.

The first Fort George was built in 1626 in New Amsterdam and named Fort Amsterdam. The British Army renamed it Fort James in 1664. It was briefly re-occupied by the Dutch from 1673–1674 as Fort Willem Hendrick. The British named the fort Fort William Henry in 1691, Fort Anne or Queen's Fort in 1703, and finally Fort George in 1714. The north side bastions and ramparts were destroyed in 1776 by the Americans and finally demolished in 1790. The site is now a museum and courthouse in Lower Manhattan. (40°42.26′N 74°0.826′W / 40.70433°N 74.013767°W / 40.70433; -74.013767)

A second Fort George was built by the British in 1755 at Oswego, New York, but it was destroyed by the French commander Louis-Joseph de Montcalm in 1756. Site is now Montcalm Park at the junction of W Van Buren Street, Montcalm Street and West 6th Street.[1]

A third Fort George was built in Lake George, New York in 1755. It was destroyed in 1777 and finally abandoned in 1780. It was located south east of Fort William Henry facing Lake George (located in the wooded area within Lake George Battlefield Park).[2]

A fourth Fort George was an encampment built on Staten Island around 1777 in the area of St. George, Staten Island (likely Fort Hill).[3]

The last Fort George or Fort George Hill was built in 1776 in New York City near the current intersection of Audubon Avenue and 192nd Street in Upper Manhattan. Briefly named Fort Clinton and finally Fort George, from 1895 to 1914 it was the site of the Fort George Amusement Park, and is now George Washington High School. (40°51.33′N 73°55.60′W / 40.85550°N 73.92667°W / 40.85550; -73.92667)

References[edit]

External links[edit]

  • Fort George
  • Fort George Playground, Manhattan
  • Gottlock, Wesley and Barbara; Lost Amusement Parks of the Hudson Valley; Blurb Publishing. 2011: p. 137-164.
  • Gottlock, Wesley and Barbara; Lost Amusement Parks of New York City"; History Press. 2013: p.17-32