Fort Gibson, Oklahoma

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This article is about a town. For the adjacent former military installation, see Fort Gibson.
Fort Gibson, Oklahoma
Town
Location of Fort Gibson, Oklahoma
Location of Fort Gibson, Oklahoma
Coordinates: 35°47′41″N 95°15′11″W / 35.79472°N 95.25306°W / 35.79472; -95.25306Coordinates: 35°47′41″N 95°15′11″W / 35.79472°N 95.25306°W / 35.79472; -95.25306
Country United States
State Oklahoma
Counties Muskogee, Cherokee
Area
 • Total 14.2 sq mi (36.8 km2)
 • Land 13.6 sq mi (35.2 km2)
 • Water 0.6 sq mi (1.6 km2)
Elevation 564 ft (172 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 4,154
 • Density 306/sq mi (118.0/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 74434
Area code(s) 539/918
FIPS code 40-27200[1]
GNIS feature ID 1092958[2]
Website Chamber

Fort Gibson is a town in Muskogee County which has expanded into Cherokee County as it grew in the U.S. state of Oklahoma. The population was 4,154 at the 2010 census, an increase of 2.5 percent from 4,054 at the 2000 census.[3] It is the location of Fort Gibson Historical Site and Fort Gibson National Cemetery and is located near the end of the Cherokees' Trail of Tears at Tahlequah, Oklahoma.

Colonel Matthew Arbuckle of the United States Army established Fort Gibson in 1824. The Army abandoned the fort in 1890. Some of the original fort still stands at the historic site.

History[edit]

After the founding of Fort Gibson in 1824, military families, Indians desiring military protection, and free African-Americans settled near the fort, forming a town. After the Army abandoned Fort Gibson in 1857, the Cherokee Nation took over the military stockade and renamed the town Keetoowah. The Army reoccupied Fort Gibson during the American Civil War, and the town again prospered as refugees from fighting elsewhere fled to the relative safety of the fort.[4]

On May 20, 1898, the Articles of Incorporation for the town of Fort Gibson were established under the Arkansas Statutes, placing all of the densely settled areas under one jurisdiction.[4]

The townspeople considered Fort Gibson poorly located after suffering fires, mosquitoes, and other afflictions. They moved the town to higher ground around 1900. The first buildings had faced west toward the Missouri Pacific Railroad tracks. In 1904 the town of Fort Gibson, Indian Territory, was surveyed and platted. In 1904 the town was turned around and situated one block east when J. C. Pierce built the first brick building. In 1906 John C. Berd constructed a brick-and-stone building for his drugstore, and the commercial district grew around these two permanent features. It had 1,063 residents in 1907.[4]

One of the oldest non-Indian settlements in Oklahoma, Fort Gibson had other firsts for Oklahoma, such as:

  • the first telephone,
  • first drama theater,
  • first steamboat landing,
  • first school for the blind,
  • first highway to Fort Smith
  • the first interurban, which connected Fort Gibson to Muskogee.[4]

In 1896 J. S. Holden started a weekly newspaper, the Post. At least six other newspapers followed in the early 20th century; the Fort Gibson Times continued into the 21st century.[4]

In 1940, 1,233 people populated the town, and by 1970 there were 1,418 citizens. Home to twenty-six churches and fourteen civic clubs and organizations at the beginning of the 21st century, the town boasted a strong civic spirit. The town has a board of trustees type of government. The manufacturing industry supports the majority of workers, and the health care sector is close behind. The 2000 census listed 4,054 residents, and the school system housed 1,900 students at a teacher-student ratio of one to fifteen.[4]

Geography[edit]

Fort Gibson is located in northeastern Muskogee County at 35°47′41″N 95°15′11″W / 35.79472°N 95.25306°W / 35.79472; -95.25306 (35.794861, -95.253090).[5] A small portion of the town extends north into a corner of Cherokee County. Fort Gibson is bordered to the west by the city of Muskogee, the Muskogee County seat.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town of Fort Gibson has a total area of 14.2 square miles (36.8 km2). 13.6 square miles (35.2 km2) of it is land, and 0.62 square miles (1.6 km2) of it (4.29%) is water.[6] The Neosho River follows the northwest border of the town and joins the Arkansas River, which flows just west of the town boundary and then forms the southern boundary.

U.S. Route 62 passes through the southern part of Fort Gibson, leading west 8 miles (13 km) to the center of Muskogee and northeast 20 miles (32 km) to Tahlequah.

Demographics[edit]

As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 4,054 people, 1,467 households, and 1,113 families residing in the town. The population density was 301.8 inhabitants per square mile (116.5/km²). There were 1,563 housing units at an average density of 116.4 per square mile (44.9/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 68.75% White, 2.00% African American, 19.76% Native American, 0.12% Asian, 2.54% from other races, and 6.83% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.88% of the population.

There were 1,467 households out of which 43.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.9% were married couples living together, 14.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 24.1% were non-families. 21.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.72 and the average family size was 3.16.

In the town the population was spread out with 30.8% under the age of 18, 9.5% from 18 to 24, 27.3% from 25 to 44, 21.1% from 45 to 64, and 11.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females there were 91.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.3 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $30,975, and the median income for a family was $36,944. Males had a median income of $30,362 versus $21,525 for females. The per capita income for the town was $14,042. About 14.2% of families and 16.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.3% of those under age 18 and 23.9% of those age 65 or over.

Government[edit]

Federal representation: Senator Tom Coburn, Senator Jim Inhofe, Representative Markwayne Mullin

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  2. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ CensusViewer: Population of the City of Fort Gibson, Oklahoma
  4. ^ a b c d e f Fort Gibson Genealogical and Historical Society. "Fort Gibson," Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture, Oklahoma Historical Society, Accessed May 6, 2015.
  5. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  6. ^ "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Fort Gibson town, Oklahoma". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved February 10, 2015. 

External links[edit]