Fort Kent, Maine
|Fort Kent, Maine|
Downtown Fort Kent
|Motto: The Little Town That Could (stemming from a local during the 2004 Biathlon World Cup)|
|• Total||55.15 sq mi (142.84 km2)|
|• Land||54.17 sq mi (140.30 km2)|
|• Water||0.98 sq mi (2.54 km2)|
|Elevation||610 ft (186 m)|
|• Estimate (2012)||4,065|
|• Density||75.6/sq mi (29.2/km2)|
|Time zone||Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
|ZIP codes||04743, 04744|
|GNIS feature ID||0582477|
Fort Kent is a town in Aroostook County, Maine, United States. The population was 4,097 in the 2010 census. Fort Kent is home to an Olympic biathlete training center, an annual CAN-AM dogsled race, and the Fort Kent Blockhouse, built in reaction to the Aroostook War and in modern times designated a national historic site. Principal industries include agriculture (particularly potatoes and forestry) and textiles. Fort Kent is the northern terminus of U.S. 1 and the ending point of the Northern Forest Canoe Trail. Fort Kent signed a lease agreement with the Fish River Flying Club on 8 July 2011 to repair, maintain, and operate the local municipal airport, which had been closed since the 1980s.
Fort Kent was erected in the summer of 1839 as an American border outpost during the undeclared Aroostook War. The blockhouse, the first structure built in what is present-day city of Fort Kent, was named after then-governor of Maine Edward Kent. The Saint John River was a log driving route from upstream forests to downstream sawmills and paper mills until the Bangor and Aroostook Railroad and trucks began transporting pulpwood.
After receiving nearly 200 inches (510 cm) of snow during the 2007-2008 winter season, the Saint John River began to flood on April 29. Nearly two days of nonstop rain also contributed to the flooding. As the river rose, it poured into the downtown area. More than 600 of Fort Kent's 4,233 residents were evacuated. The river's water level rose to nearly 31 feet (9.4 m), which was 6 feet (1.8 m) above flood stage.
Governor John Baldacci declared a state of emergency for the region, flying from Augusta to see the damage first-hand. The Fish River did most of the damage, flooding St. Louis Catholic church and an apartment building.
Relationship with French Canada
The town is economically and culturally linked to the Canadian towns of Clair and Saint-François-de-Madawaska, both in Madawaska County, New Brunswick, directly across the St. John River. Most children on the Canadian side attend French-speaking school while their American counterparts are taught mainly in English.
Sixty-two percent of the residents  of Fort Kent are habitual speakers of French. The variety of French spoken in Fort Kent and most of the St. John River Valley closely resembles the French spoken in Quebec and New Brunswick. It is referred to as "Valley French" or "Brayon". Many residents also have American-Canadian dual citizenship.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 55.15 square miles (142.84 km2), of which 54.17 square miles (140.30 km2) is land and 0.98 square miles (2.54 km2) is water.
As of the census of 2010, there were 4,097 people, 1,747 households, and 1,062 families residing in the town. The population density was 75.6 inhabitants per square mile (29.2 /km2). There were 1,922 housing units at an average density of 35.5 per square mile (13.7 /km2). The racial makeup of the town was 94.9% White, 0.8% African American, 0.8% Native American, 0.7% Asian, 0.1% from other races, and 2.7% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.7% of the population.
There were 1,747 households of which 25.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.5% were married couples living together, 8.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 3.4% had a male householder with no wife present, and 39.2% were non-families. 31.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.23 and the average family size was 2.83.
The median age in the town was 42.7 years. 19.9% of residents were under the age of 18; 12.3% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 20.7% were from 25 to 44; 29.5% were from 45 to 64; and 17.6% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the town was 48.0% male and 52.0% female.
As of the census of 2000, there were 4,233 people, 1,735 households, and 1,106 families residing in the town. The population density was 78.2 people per square mile (30.2/km²). There were 1,824 housing units at an average density of 33.7 per square mile (13.0/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 96.95% White, 0.38% Black or African American, 0.76% Native American, 0.87% Asian, 0.28% from other races, and 0.76% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.50% of the population.
There were 1,735 households out of which 28.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.0% were married couples living together, 6.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.2% were non-families. 29.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.34 and the average family size was 2.90.
In the town the population was spread out with 22.3% under the age of 18, 11.3% from 18 to 24, 26.9% from 25 to 44, 24.0% from 45 to 64, and 15.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 96.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.7 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $29,547, and the median income for a family was $41,616. Males had a median income of $35,325 versus $19,146 for females. The per capita income for the town was $16,403. About 9.5% of families and 14.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.7% of those under age 18 and 18.2% of those age 65 or over.
Fort Kent is served by Maine School Administrative District 27. Schools in the town include Fort Kent Elementary School, Valley Rivers Middle School and Fort Kent Community High School.
The town is home to the campus of the University of Maine at Fort Kent.
- "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-16.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-16.
- "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-07-06.
- "CAN-AM CROWN INTERNATIONAL SLED DOG RACE". can-am.sjv.net. Retrieved 2010-07-14.
- "Fort Kent Chamber of Commerce". www.fortkentchamber.com. Retrieved 2011-01-19.
- "Fort Kent Blockhouse". NPS-Maine Acadian Culture. U.S. National Park Service. Retrieved 2011-01-19.
- "Maine - Aroostook County". National Register of Historical Places. Retrieved 2011-01-19.
- United States Department of Transportation (1974). Rail Service in the Midwest and Northeast Region. United States Government Printing Office.
- "A FLOOD FOR THE AGES". The Portland Press Herald / Maine Sunday Telegram. Maine Today Media. March 17, 2008. Retrieved 2010-07-14.
- "Fort Kent town, Aroostook County, Maine - DP-2. Profile of Selected Social Characteristics: 2000 (Total population)". factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2010-07-14.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- Town of Fort Kent
- 10th Mountain Ski Club
- Maine School Administrative District 27
- Fort Kent Elementary School
- Fort Kent Community High School
- UMFK website
- Fiddlehead Focus Local News
- Varney, George J. (1886). Gazetteer of the state of Maine. Fort Kent. Boston: Russell.
- Photograph of Main Street, Fort Kent, ca. 1910, from the Maine Memory Network