Fort Klamath

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Fort Klamath
Klamath County, Oregon
Type Military base
Site information
Controlled by United States Army
Site history
Built 1863
In use 1863–1890
Materials wood
Battles/wars Modoc Wars
Events
Fort Klamath Site
Fort Klamath is located in Oregon
Fort Klamath
Nearest city Fort Klamath, Oregon
Coordinates 42°41′31″N 121°58′20″W / 42.69194°N 121.97222°W / 42.69194; -121.97222Coordinates: 42°41′31″N 121°58′20″W / 42.69194°N 121.97222°W / 42.69194; -121.97222
Built 1863
Governing body Local
NRHP Reference # 71000680[1]
Added to NRHP October 07, 1971
Garrison information
Past
commanders
Edward Canby
Garrison 14th Infantry Regiment

Fort Klamath was a military outpost near the western end of the Oregon Trail, between Crater Lake National Park and Upper Klamath Lake in Klamath County, Oregon, United States. The Fort Klamath Site, about a mile southeast of the present community of Fort Klamath, Oregon, is listed on the U.S. National Register of Historic Places

History[edit]

Fort Klamath was established in 1863, and was an important Army post during conflicts with the Klamath, Modoc, and Northern Paiute tribes.[2] The fort consisted of more than 50 buildings, including a sawmill. Four Modoc men, led by Kintpuash, were executed there in 1873 for the killing of General Edward Canby. Their graves remain at the fort.

A post office was opened in 1879. By the mid-1880s, the settlers in the area no longer needed protection, and in 1889 the decision was made to close the fort. After a harsh final winter with more than 20 feet (6 m) of snow, the troops of Company I of the 14th Infantry Regiment left the fort on June 23, 1890, and moved to Vancouver Barracks.

Fort Klamath Museum[edit]

An 8-acre (32,000 m2) parcel within the fort area is maintained as a park and museum by Klamath County, Oregon. The Fort Klamath Museum is housed in a modern structure designed after the fort's guardhouse and standing in the original guardhouse location.

The Fort Klamath site was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1971.[1]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Walton, Elisabeth (August 1971). "National Register of Historic Places Registration Form: Fort Klamath Site" (PDF). National Park Service. Retrieved August 30, 2013. 
  2. ^ History of the Pacific Northwest: Oregon and Washington. North Pacific History Company. 1889. p. 649. Retrieved April 28, 2013. 

External links[edit]