Fort Liard

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Fort Liard
Echaot'l Koe
Hamlet
The Sleeping Giant - the view from the top of the hill heading into the Hamlet
The Sleeping Giant - the view from the top of the hill heading into the Hamlet
Fort Liard is located in Northwest Territories
Fort Liard
Fort Liard
Coordinates: 60°14′27″N 123°28′11″W / 60.24083°N 123.46972°W / 60.24083; -123.46972Coordinates: 60°14′27″N 123°28′11″W / 60.24083°N 123.46972°W / 60.24083; -123.46972
Country Canada
Territory Northwest Territories
Region Dehcho Region
Constituency Nahendeh
Census division Region 4
Incorporated (hamlet) 1 April 1987
Government
 • Mayor Morris McLeod
 • Senior Administrative Officer John McKee
 • MLA Kevin Menicoche
Area[1]
 • Land 68.38 km2 (26.40 sq mi)
Elevation 216 m (709 ft)
Population (2011)[1]
 • Total 536
 • Density 7.8/km2 (20/sq mi)
Time zone Mountain (MST) (UTC-7)
 • Summer (DST) MDT (UTC-6)
Canadian Postal code X0G 0A0
Area code(s) 867
Telephone exchange 770
- Living cost 132.5A
- Food price index 134.9B
Website www.fortliard.com
Sources:
Department of Municipal and Community Affairs,[2]
Prince of Wales Northern Heritage Centre,[3]
Canada Flight Supplement[4]
^A 2009 figure based on Edmonton = 100[5]
^B 2010 figure based on Yellowknife = 100[5]

Fort Liard (pronounced "lee-ahrd") (Slavey language: Echaot'l Koe[pronunciation?] "people from the land of the giants") is a hamlet in the Dehcho Region of the Northwest Territories, Canada. It is located 37 km (23 mi) north of the British Columbia border. It became accessible by road in 1984 with the completion of the Liard Highway (Northwest Territories Highway 7 and British Columbia Highway 77).

The Hamlet of Fort Liard has two stores to choose from: The General Store and the The North West Company store. It has a school "Echo Dene School", with a student population of about 150 from K-12. It also has a nursing station with four nurses, a Royal Canadian Mounted Police detachment with four members, and a Recreation Centre (complete with a swimming pool, skating rink, youth centre and a multi-court).[6] There is a fuel centre that sells gasoline, diesel fuel, propane, emergency survival kits and convenience items. There is also a traditional craft store which sells locally made craft items.

Demographics[edit]

Population is 536 according to the 2011 Census a decrease of 8.1% from 2006.[1] In the 2006 Census the majority of the population, 520 people out of a total of 583, were Aboriginal, either First Nations or Métis.[7] In 2012 the Government of the Northwest Territories reported that the population was 568 with an average yearly growth rate of 0.0% from 2001.[5]

Historical population
Year Pop.   ±%  
1996 538 —    
1997 528 −1.9%
1998 525 −0.6%
1999 537 +2.3%
2000 571 +6.3%
2001 581 +1.8%
2002 593 +2.1%
2003 572 −3.5%
2004 606 +5.9%
Year Pop.   ±%  
2005 594 −2.0%
2006 604 +1.7%
2007 585 −3.1%
2008 580 −0.9%
2009 578 −0.3%
2010 585 +1.2%
2011 582 −0.5%
2012 568 −2.4%
Sources: NWT Bureau of Statistics (2001-2012)[5]

First Nations[edit]

The Dene of the community are represented by the Acho Dene Koe Band and the Métis by Fort Liard Metis Local 67. Both groups belong to the Deh Cho First Nations Tribal Council.[8][9]

Climate[edit]

Fort Liard has a borderline subarctic climate (Köppen climate classification Dfc), just short of a humid continental climate (Köppen climate classification Dfb), characterized by extreme variation of temperatures between seasons. Temperatures can be very warm in the summer, and very cold in the winter.

Climate data for Fort Liard Airport
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high Humidex 7.3 14.2 18.1 23.2 29.7 37.8 38.8 37.5 30.8 24.5 9.4 14.6 38.8
Record high °C (°F) 9.5
(49.1)
15.0
(59)
18.0
(64.4)
25.0
(77)
32.5
(90.5)
32.4
(90.3)
34.5
(94.1)
34.6
(94.3)
30.5
(86.9)
26.0
(78.8)
12.0
(53.6)
15.3
(59.5)
34.6
(94.3)
Average high °C (°F) −17.9
(−0.2)
−11.8
(10.8)
−3.0
(26.6)
8.6
(47.5)
16.5
(61.7)
22.2
(72)
23.3
(73.9)
21.4
(70.5)
15.2
(59.4)
3.9
(39)
−10.6
(12.9)
−15.4
(4.3)
4.4
(39.9)
Daily mean °C (°F) −21.8
(−7.2)
−17.1
(1.2)
−9.5
(14.9)
2.0
(35.6)
9.8
(49.6)
15.6
(60.1)
17.3
(63.1)
15.3
(59.5)
9.6
(49.3)
0.0
(32)
−14.0
(6.8)
−19.1
(−2.4)
−1.0
(30.2)
Average low °C (°F) −25.5
(−13.9)
−22.3
(−8.1)
−15.9
(3.4)
−4.6
(23.7)
3.0
(37.4)
8.9
(48)
11.3
(52.3)
9.1
(48.4)
3.9
(39)
−3.9
(25)
−17.4
(0.7)
−22.7
(−8.9)
−6.4
(20.5)
Record low °C (°F) −46.7
(−52.1)
−44.0
(−47.2)
−39.8
(−39.6)
−31.6
(−24.9)
−14.5
(5.9)
0.5
(32.9)
2.0
(35.6)
−1.7
(28.9)
−11.7
(10.9)
−30.0
(−22)
−43.0
(−45.4)
−45.0
(−49)
−46.7
(−52.1)
Wind chill −62.9 −51.9 −48.1 −36.0 −17.6 0.0 0.0 −2.7 −16.9 −32.8 −53.5 −55.3 −62.9
Precipitation mm (inches) 24.9
(0.98)
19.7
(0.776)
16.2
(0.638)
23.0
(0.906)
41.4
(1.63)
59.5
(2.343)
83.4
(3.283)
55.3
(2.177)
44.0
(1.732)
34.7
(1.366)
28.4
(1.118)
21.2
(0.835)
451.7
(17.783)
Rainfall mm (inches) 0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
5.5
(0.217)
37.7
(1.484)
59.5
(2.343)
83.4
(3.283)
55.0
(2.165)
41.4
(1.63)
11.6
(0.457)
0.1
(0.004)
0.0
(0)
294.1
(11.579)
Snowfall cm (inches) 26.3
(10.35)
21.3
(8.39)
16.8
(6.61)
17.9
(7.05)
3.8
(1.5)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.2
(0.08)
2.7
(1.06)
23.5
(9.25)
30.3
(11.93)
22.5
(8.86)
165.4
(65.12)
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 0.2 mm) 8.0 7.0 6.4 5.2 9.6 9.6 12.0 10.7 10.1 8.8 9.6 6.7 103.7
Avg. rainy days (≥ 0.2 mm) 0.0 0.0 0.0 2.0 8.6 9.6 12.0 10.7 9.6 3.7 0.1 0.0 56.4
Avg. snowy days (≥ 0.2 cm) 8.1 7.0 6.5 3.7 1.4 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.7 6.0 9.6 6.7 49.7
Source: Environment Canada Canadian Climate Normals 1981–2010[10]

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Fort Liard, HAM Northwest Territories (Census subdivision)
  2. ^ "NWT Communities - Fort Liard". Government of the Northwest Territories: Department of Municipal and Community Affairs. Retrieved 13 January 2014. 
  3. ^ Prince of Wales Northern Heritage Centre - official names
  4. ^ Canada Flight Supplement. Effective 0901Z 6 February 2014 to 0901Z 3 April 2014
  5. ^ a b c d Fort Liard - Statistical Profile at the GNWT
  6. ^ Infrastructure
  7. ^ 2006 Census - Aboriginal Profile
  8. ^ Acho Dene Koe Band
  9. ^ Fort Liard Métis
  10. ^ "Fort Liard A" (CSV (3069 KB)). Canadian Climate Normals 1981–2010. Environment Canada. Climate ID: 2201575. Retrieved 2014-01-09. 

External links[edit]