Fort Mountain (Murray County, Georgia)
|Fort Mountain GA|
View from Fort Mountain
|Elevation||2,850 ft (870 m)|
|Murray County, Georgia|
|Nearest city||Chatsworth, Georgia|
|Area||211.2 acres (85.5 ha)|
|NRHP Reference #||77001587|
|Added to NRHP||November 23, 1977|
Fort Mountain is a mountain in northern Georgia, just east of Chatsworth. It is part of the Cohutta Mountains, a small mountain range at the southern end of the Appalachian Mountains. It also lies within the Chattahoochee National Forest.
Fort Mountain takes its name from a peak that has remnants of a stone formation around part of that peak. The stones, which are from the local area around the summit, are piled in an 928 feet (283 m)-long discontinuous zig-zag line. Stone piles may be formed naturally by the thrust that causes a ridge to crest during the mountain's formation.
Early visitors referred to the formation as a fort, speculating that it was built by Hernando de Soto to defend against the Creek Indians around 1540. However, this theory was contradicted as early as 1917, as a historian pointed out that de Soto was in the area for less than two weeks.
The original construction and function of the formation as a fort is less accepted today and its origin remains unknown. The formation has been attributed to pre-Columbian native Americans. In this regard, it has been likened to a snake formation, similar to the Serpent Mound of Ohio, which held a ceremonial function. It has also been attributed to a race of moon-eyed people, who predate the Cherokee. The term "moon-eyed people" traces to both Sanford and Carroll, who cite James Adair (historian), perhaps erroneously, in attributing the term to Cherokee tradition.,
- "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2010-07-09.
- Smith, Philip E., "Aboriginal Stone Constructions in the Southern Piedemont", in University Of Georgia Laboratory Of Archaeology Series Report No 4 1962 
- Smith, Philip E., "Aboriginal Stone Constructions in the Southern Piedemont", in University Of Georgia Laboratory Of Archaeology Series Report No 4 1962
- "News from Georgia" Brick and Clay Record Kenfield, Chicago: 1907, Vol. 27, No.3, 99.
- Knight, Lucian Lamar, "Fort Mountain," A Standard History of Georgia and Georgians. Lewis Publishing, Chicago: 1917, Vol. 1, p. 14.
- Sanford, Ezekial. A History of the United States Before the Revolution:.... Philadelphia: 1819, clxi.
- Carroll, B.R., Historical Collections of South Carolina. Harper, New York: 1836, Vol. 1, p.189.