Fort Pike

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Fort Pike
FortPikePostKatrinaBrickCracks1.jpg
Cracks can be seen in the brick structure of Fort Pike after Hurricane Katrina
Fort Pike is located in Louisiana
Fort Pike
Nearest city New Orleans, Louisiana
Coordinates 30°9′58″N 89°44′13″W / 30.16611°N 89.73694°W / 30.16611; -89.73694Coordinates: 30°9′58″N 89°44′13″W / 30.16611°N 89.73694°W / 30.16611; -89.73694
Area 9.6 acres (3.9 ha)
Built 1819
Governing body State
NRHP Reference # 72000557[1]
Added to NRHP August 14, 1972

Fort Pike is a decommissioned 19th century fort, named after Brigadier General Zebulon Montgomery Pike, which formerly guarded the Rigolets pass in Louisiana.[2] It was near the community of Petite Coquille, Louisiana, and now within the city limits of New Orleans, and was long a tourist attraction. It was damaged by the Hurricane Katrina storm surge in 2005. The fort was built in 1818 to guard against British reinvasion of the United States. It came under the control of the Louisiana Continental Guard in 1861, just weeks before Louisiana joined the Confederacy. When Union forces captured New Orleans in 1862, the Confederate forces evacuated Fort Pike. The Union then reestablished control of the installation using it as a base for raids and also for training of United States Colored Troops.[3][4]

The fort was abandoned in 1890, and was placed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1972.[5] Despite having changed hands multiple times in a history spanning at least two major wars, no cannon was ever fired in battle at Fort Pike.[4]

Before Hurricane Katrina, the fort's brick-and-mortar structure was decaying. The storm surge exacerbated the problems, temporarily completely submerging the entire fort, and destroyed adjacent state park buildings.[5] The site officially reopened on May 2, 2008 [1]. However, due to damage caused by Hurricane Gustav in early September 2008, the park was closed indefinitely. As of June 2009, the fort was open and was undergoing extensive repairs and restoration work.[5][6] After Hurricane Isaac, the fort once again was closed indefinitely pending repairs and debris cleanup.[7]

The fort has now been re-opened for visitors and serves as an onsite lesson in the history of the United States.

It is also reported (via NPS signposts) that Seminole Indian prisoners were kept here after being captured, and before being sent further west.

The fort was featured in the 2013 action movie G.I. Joe: Retaliation, passing for Fort Sumter.

Fort Pike
Before Katrina, looking towards the Rigolets Pass (US 90).
Picture of Fort Pike, post Katrina (New Hwy 90 Bridge in Background)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2010-07-09. 
  2. ^ Louisiana Department of Culture, Recreation and Tourism. "Fort Pike Historical Marker". 
  3. ^ "Fort Pike State Historic Site". Louisiana Department of Culture, Recreation & Tourism. Retrieved 2014-03-14. 
  4. ^ a b "Civil War Military Sites". Louisiana Department of Culture, Recreation and Tourism. Archived from the original on 2006-04-14. Retrieved 2006-03-21. 
  5. ^ a b c Purpura, Paul (2006-03-21). "Hurricane Katrina devastated Forts Jackson, St. Philip and Pike". Times-Picayune. pp. A–1, A–11. Retrieved 2006-03-21. 
  6. ^ "Status of Hurricane-Impacted Sites". Louisiana Department of Culture, Recreation and Tourism. Archived from the original on 2006-05-25. Retrieved 2006-03-21. 
  7. ^ "Fort Pike State Historic Site". Louisiana State Parks. Louisiana Department of Culture, Recreation and Tourism. Retrieved 17 October 2012. 

External links[edit]