Cracks can be seen in the brick structure of Fort Pike after Hurricane Katrina
|Nearest city||New Orleans, Louisiana|
|Area||9.6 acres (3.9 ha)|
|NRHP Reference #||72000557|
|Added to NRHP||August 14, 1972|
Fort Pike is a decommissioned 19th-century United States fort, named after Brigadier General Zebulon Montgomery Pike. It was built following the War of 1812 to guard the Rigolets pass in Louisiana, a strait from the Gulf of Mexico, via Lake Borgne, to Lake Pontchartrain bordering New Orleans. It was located near the community of Petite Coquille, now within the city limits of New Orleans. The fort's remains were long a tourist attraction, but it was damaged by the Hurricane Katrina storm surge in 2005, and closed for a period. It also had to be closed following Hurricanes Gustav and Isaac in 2008 and 2012, respectively.
After the War of 1812, the United States built the fort in 1818 to protect New Orleans and the Gulf Coast against British or other invasion of the United States. During the Seminole Wars in Florida through the 1820s, the US temporarily held Seminole Indians here who had been taken prisoner. They were eventually transported to the Seminole Reservation in Indian Territory (now Oklahoma.)
When Union forces captured New Orleans in 1862, the Confederate forces evacuated Fort Pike. The Union reestablished control of the installation, using it as a base for raids. The fort also became a site for training of United States Colored Troops, established in 1864. These soldiers in the South included mostly former slaves. The USCT were critical to Union success in the war.
The fort was abandoned by the United States Army in 1890. No cannon was ever been fired in battle at Fort Pike. It was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1972. It was maintained as part of a state park, known as the Fort Pike State Historic Site.
Before Hurricane Katrina, the fort's brick-and-mortar structure was decaying. The 2005 storm surge exacerbated the problems. It temporarily completely submerged the entire fort, and destroyed adjacent state park buildings. The site officially reopened on May 2, 2008 . But, due to damage caused by Hurricane Gustav in early September 2008, the park was closed indefinitely. As of June 2009, the fort was open. It is undergoing extensive repairs and restoration work. After Hurricane Isaac in 2012, the fort was closed indefinitely pending repairs and debris cleanup.
The fort has now been re-opened for visitors. It is used to interpret the history of the United States.
Representation in other media
- The fort was used for filming the 2013 action movie, G.I. Joe: Retaliation, and represented Fort Sumter of Charleston, South Carolina, where the opening shots of the Civil War were fired.
- "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2010-07-09.
- Louisiana Department of Culture, Recreation and Tourism. "Fort Pike Historical Marker".
- "Fort Pike State Historic Site". Louisiana Department of Culture, Recreation & Tourism. Retrieved 2014-03-14.
- "Civil War Military Sites". Louisiana Department of Culture, Recreation and Tourism. Archived from the original on 2006-04-14. Retrieved 2006-03-21.
- Purpura, Paul (2006-03-21). "Hurricane Katrina devastated Forts Jackson, St. Philip and Pike". Times-Picayune. pp. A–1, A–11. Retrieved 2006-03-21.
- "Status of Hurricane-Impacted Sites". Louisiana Department of Culture, Recreation and Tourism. Archived from the original on 2006-05-25. Retrieved 2006-03-21.
- "Fort Pike State Historic Site". Louisiana State Parks. Louisiana Department of Culture, Recreation and Tourism. Retrieved 17 October 2012.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Fort Pike.|
- Fort Pike State Historic Site - official site