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Fort Proctor from 600 feet over Bayou Yscloskey.
|Nearest city||Shell Beach, LA|
|Architect||J.G. Totten, et al.|
|NRHP Reference #||78003067 |
|Added to NRHP||September 20, 1978|
Fort Proctor is a ruined 19th century fort in St. Bernard Parish, Louisiana, USA. Also known as Fort Beauregard or Beauregard's Castle (after P.G.T. Beauregard, who supervised its construction with the architect J.G. Totten) it is located on the shore of Lake Borgne just north of the mouth of Bayou Yscloskey. At the time it was built in the 1850s, there was also a railroad port called "Proctorville" adjacent.
The fort was intended to be part of the fortification protecting water routes towards New Orleans. In 1814, the British Army had attacked New Orleans after advancing up Lake Borgne and defeating a small flotilla of gunboats belonging to the New Orleans Squadron of the US Navy at the Battle of Lake Borgne.
Due to delays caused by hurricane damage, and then the outbreak of the American Civil War, the fort was never garrisoned, and by the end of the war improvements in artillery had made the fort's design obsolete.
In the 1940s and 1950s, before it was engulfed by the lake, the ruins of the fort became a popular gathering spot for high school children seeking a spot where they could not be supervised.
The construction of the Mississippi River-Gulf Outlet Canal in the 1960s cut off all land access to the fort site. It can be seen in the distance from Shell Beach, Louisiana. In 1978, it was listed on the National Register of Historic Places. It is now completely surrounded by water about one foot deep. There remained one small piece of dry land inside of the fort, though after Hurricane Katrina very little of that one dry spot is still dry.
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