Fort Provintia

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Fort Provintia (Chihkan Tower)

Coordinates: 22°59′51″N 120°12′10.12″E / 22.99750°N 120.2028111°E / 22.99750; 120.2028111

Fort Provintia or Providentia was a Dutch outpost on Formosa at a site now located in the West Central District of Tainan in Taiwan. It was built in 1653 during the Dutch colonization of Taiwan. The fort was surrendered to Koxinga and later destroyed by an earthquake in the 19th century. It was rebuilt as Sakam or Chihkan Tower (Chinese, p Chìkǎnlóu, w Ch'ih4-k'an3 Lou2; Hokkienpoj Chhiah-khám-lâu) afterwards. Its name derives from the Taiwanese aboriginal village recorded by the Dutch as "Chaccam," "Sakam," "Zaccam," etc.[1]

In addition to the site's architectural and artistic significance, its library of dictionaries and business transactions documents the Siraya language spoken by the native inhabitants of the region during Dutch rule.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ also written as "Scakam," "Sacam," "Saccam," "Sakkam"
the entrance of the Chihkan Tower