Fort Putnam

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Fort Putnam
Part of United States Military Academy
West Point, New York
Ft. Putnam's West Wall and Guns May 2010.JPG
The east wall and guns of Fort Putnam that face the Hudson River
Historical Marker
Site information
Owner United States Army
Controlled by US Army
Open to
the public
Late spring until mid-fall. Check with USMA Museum for access hours and dates
Condition restored
Site history
Built 1778
Built by Colonel Rufus Putnam
Battles/wars Revolutionary War
Garrison information
Garrison West Point

Fort Putnam was a military garrison during the Revolutionary War at West Point, New York, United States. Built by a regiment of Colonel Rufus Putnam's 5th Massachusetts Infantry, it was completed in 1778 with the purpose of supporting Fort Clinton,[1] which sat on the edge of the Hudson River about a 3/4 of a mile away.[2] The fort was rebuilt and enlarged in 1794 before falling into disuse and disrepair as the military garrison at West Point became obsolete in the early mid-19th century. It underwent a major preservation as a historical site in 1909, and has been continually in the process of preservation since. Sitting at an altitude of 500 feet above sea level, it was West Point's largest garrison during the Revolutionary War. The Fort is under the supervision of the West Point Museum Director, David M. Reel and is operated by the United States Army Garrison, West Point. Access to the Fort is seasonal and as summer staff are available.[3]

Construction[edit]

In 1778, Gen. Alexander McDougall wrote, "Genl. Parson, Clinton and Col. Delaradiere went with me to View the Rock & Crown Hills in the rear of our works..."(Fort Clinton). Tadeusz Kościuszko convinced them of the necessity of defending Crown Hill, and drafted blueprints accordingly. Gen. Putnam's younger cousin, Col. Rufus Putnam, and three hundred men arrived on four sloops with lumber to build Fort Putnam. McDougall wrote, "The hill which Col. Putnam is fortifying is the most commanding and important of any that we can now attend to...the eastern-most face of this work must be so constructed as to command the plain."[4]:57

See Also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Fort Putnam". University of North Carolina. Retrieved 2010-05-01. 
  2. ^ "Fort Putnam". United States Military Academy. Retrieved 2010-05-01. [dead link]
  3. ^ "Fort Putnam". New York State Military Museum. Retrieved 2010-05-01. 
  4. ^ Storozynski, A., 2009, The Peasant Prince, New York: St. Martin's Press, ISBN 9780312388027

Coordinates: 41°23′24″N 73°57′50″W / 41.390089°N 73.963923°W / 41.390089; -73.963923