Fort Ross State Historic Park is a historical state park of California, USA, including the former Russian fur trading outpost of Fort Ross plus the adjacent coastline and native coast redwood forests extending inland. Fort Ross, active from 1812 to 1842, was the southernmost settlement in the Russian colonization of the Americas. The 3,393-acre (1,373 ha) park was established in 1909.
Fort Ross was founded by the Russian-American Company in 1812. Most of the Fort's buildings of the site are reproductions. The one original structure remaining from the Russian settlement, the commander's house, is a National Historic Landmark and on the National Register of Historic Places. The California Department of Parks and Recreation as well as many volunteers put extensive efforts into restoration and reconstruction work in the Fort.
Park access & closures
In 2009 the park was under the risk of being closed due to state budget cuts. Russian ambassador Sergey Ivanovich Kislyak petitioned in favor of the park, but Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger promised nothing. On June 22, 2010, a memorandum of understanding between the Renova Group of Companies and the State of California, and between Renova Group and Fort Ross Conservancy (then the Fort Ross Interpretive Association) was signed in San Francisco in the presence of Russian President Dmitry Medvedev "to affirm a partnership to support and promote the preservation of California's Fort Ross State Historic Park, and to raise awareness of its historical and cultural significance." The threatened park closures were ultimately avoided by cutting hours and maintenance system-wide.
Today, the park and visitors center are open on Saturdays, Sundays and holidays from 10am-4:30pm. During the summer they are also open on Fridays. Park grounds may be visited from sunrise to sunset throughout the year. Check the website for more details: Fort Ross SHP