Fort Sam Houston National Cemetery

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Fort Sam Houston National Cemetery
Ft Sam 5-27-10.JPG
Fort Sam Houston National Cemetery, Memorial Day, 2010.
Details
Year established 1926
Location San Antonio, Texas
Country United States
Coordinates 29°28′32″N 98°25′27″W / 29.47556°N 98.42417°W / 29.47556; -98.42417Coordinates: 29°28′32″N 98°25′27″W / 29.47556°N 98.42417°W / 29.47556; -98.42417
Type United States National Cemetery
Owned by U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs
Size 154.7 acres (62.6 ha)
Number of graves 144,000
Website Official
Find a Grave Fort Sam Houston National Cemetery
A crew works to straighten grave stones at Fort Sam Houston National Cemetery.

Fort Sam Houston National Cemetery is a United States National Cemetery in the city of San Antonio in Bexar County, Texas. Administered by the United States Department of Veterans Affairs, it encompasses 154.7 acres (62.6 ha), and as of 2014, had over 144,000 interments.

History[edit]

Although the Army post in the area was established in 1875, and construction of Fort Sam Houston began the following year, no burials were made in the area that is currently the cemetery until 1926. In 1931 60 acres (24 ha) were added as an addition to San Antonio National Cemetery. In 1937, the addition became a National Cemetery in its own right, renamed Fort Sam Houston National Cemetery. In 1947 several other forts in Texas, including Fort McIntosh, were closed and their cemetery interments were transferred to Fort Sam Houston National Cemetery.[citation needed]

Interred at the Fort Sam Houston National Cemetery are 140 Axis prisoners of war (POWs) from World War II who died in captivity. 133 are German, 4 are Italian, and 3 are Japanese. These POWs were disinterred from various Texas prisoner of war camps and reburied at Fort Sam Houston National Cemetery.[citation needed] Among these POWs is Hugo Krauss, a German murdered by fellow German POWs at Camp Hearne in 1943.[citation needed] When originally interred, these graves were isolated from the American graves. There are two POW graves that have been erroneously documented as "Nazi" graves because they are marked with the Knight's Cross, a symbol often associated with Nazism. In the context of these POW headstones, the Knight's Cross markings indicate that these two soldiers were awarded the Knight's Cross, one of Germany's highest military awards. These soldiers were probably members of Germany's famed "Afrika Korps", and may have been taken prisoner in North Africa.[citation needed]

German POW marker, Knights cross winner
Italian POW marker
Japanese POW marker

Notable interments[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ [1] CWGC Cemetery report. Breakdown obtained from casualty record.

External links[edit]