Fort Stevens Union order of battle

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The following Union Army units and commanders fought in the Battle of Fort Stevens of the American Civil War on July 11–12, 1864. The Confederate order of battle is listed separately.

Abbreviations used[edit]

Military rank[edit]

Other[edit]

  • w = wounded
  • k = killed

Defenses of the Potomac River & Washington[edit]

MG Alexander McDowell McCook

Division Brigade Regiments and Other

Emergency Division[2]
   BG Montgomery C. Meigs

First Brigade


BG Daniel H. Rucker

  • Quartermaster's employees
  • Detachment from Provisional Brigade
Second Brigade


BG Halbert E. Paine

  • 2nd District of Columbia: Col C. M. Alexander
  • 12th Regiment, Veteran Reserve Corps
  • Quartermaster's employees, three companies
3rd Brigade


Col Richard Butler Price
Col Addison Farnsworth, July 12[3]

  • Quartermaster's employees
  • Convalescents
Cavalry


  • Dismounted cavalry detachment: Maj George G. Briggs[4]
  • 25th New York Cavalry (dismounted): Maj Charles J. Seymour

VI Corps[edit]

MG Horatio G. Wright[5]

Division Brigade Regiments and Others

First Division
   BG David A. Russell

1st Brigade


Col William H. Penrose

  • 4th New Jersey: Cpt Ebenezer Davis
  • 10th New Jersey: Ltc Charles H. Tay
  • 15th New Jersey: Ltc Edward L. Campbell
2nd Brigade


BG Emory Upton

3rd Brigade


Col Oliver Edwards

  • 2nd Rhode Island: Cpt Elisha Hunt Rhodes
  • 5th Wisconsin Battalion: Cpt Charles W. Kempf
  • 6th Maine Battalion: Major George Fuller
  • 23rd Pennsylvania: Col John F. Glenn
  • 37th Massachusetts: Ltc George Montague
  • 49th Pennsylvania: Maj Amor W. Wakefield
  • 82nd Pennsylvania: Ltc John M. Wetherill
  • 119th Pennsylvania: Ltc Gideon Clark

Second Division
   BG George W. Getty

1st Brigade


BG Frank Wheaton

  • 62nd New York: Cpt Lewis J. Stewart
  • 93rd Pennsylvania: Ltc John S. Long
  • 98th Pennsylvania: Ltc John B. Kohler
  • 102nd Pennsylvania: Maj Thomas McLaughlin
  • 139th Pennsylvania: Maj Robert Munroe
2nd Brigade (Vermont Brigade)


BG Lewis A. Grant

3rd Brigade


Col Daniel Bidwell

  • 7th Maine: Cpt John W. Channing
  • 43rd New York: Cpt Volkert V. Van Patten
  • 49th New York (battalion): Cpt Erastus D. Holt
  • 77th New York: Ltc Winsor B. French
  • 122nd New York: Maj Jabez M. Brower
  • 61st Pennsylvania (battalion): Cpt William H. Rodgers
Artillery Artillery Brigade


Col Charles H. Tompkins

XIX Corps (Detachment)[edit]

MG Quincy A. Gillmore[6][7]

Division Brigade Regiments and Others

First Division
   BG William Dwight

1st Brigade


Col George L. Beal

  • 29th Maine: Ltc Charles S. Emerson
  • 30th Massachusetts: Cot Samuel D. Shipley
  • 114th New York: Col Samuel R. Per Lee
  • 116th New York: Col George M. Love
  • 153rd New York: Col Edwin P. Davis
2nd Brigade


BG James W. McMillan

  • 12th Connecticut: Ltc Frank H. Peck
  • 13th Maine: Col Henry Rust II
  • 15th Maine: Col Isaac Dyer
  • 17th Pennsylvania: Col Tilghman H. Good
  • 8th Vermont: Col Stephen Thomas
3rd Brigade


Col Leonard D. H. Currie

  • 30th Maine: Cpt George W. Randall
  • 133rd New York: Cpt Anthony J. Allaire
  • 160th New York: Ltc John B. Van Petten
  • 165th New York: Maj Felix Agnus
  • 173rd New York: Maj George W. Rogers
Division Artillery
  • New York Light Artillery, 5th Battery
  • 1st Rhode Island Artillery, Battery D: Cpt William W. Buckley

Second Division
   BG Cuvier Grover[8]

3rd Brigade


Col Jacob Sharpe

  • 38th Massachusetts: Ltc James P. Richardson
  • 128th New York: Ltc James P. Foster
  • 156th New York: Ltc Alfred Neafie
  • 175th New York: Cpt Charles McCarthey
  • 176th New York: Maj Charles Lewis
4th Brigade


Col David Shunk

  • 8th Indiana: Ltc Alexander J. Kinney
  • 18th Indiana: Ltc William S. Charles
  • 24th Iowa: Ltc John Q. Wilds
  • 28th Iowa: Ltc Bartholomew W. Wilson

XXII Corps and Dept. of Washington[edit]

MG Christopher C. Augur

Division Brigade Regiments and Others

Defenses North of the Potomac[9]
   BG Martin D. Hardin

1st Brigade


Col James M. Warner

  • 151st Ohio: Col John M. C. Marble
  • 13th Michigan Battery: Lt Charles Dupont
  • 14th Michigan Battery: Cpt Charles Heine
  • 1st Pennsylvania Artillery Battalion: Maj Joseph M. Knap
  • 1st Rhode Island Light Artillery, Battery D: Cpt William M. Buckley
  • 4th U.S. Artillery, Battery A: Lt Rufus King, Jr.
  • 9th New York Heavy Artillery (detachment)
  • 2nd U.S. Artillery, Battery I
  • 3rd U.S. Artillery, Battery G
2nd Brigade


Col Joseph A. Haskin

  • 150th Ohio: Col William H. Hayward
  • 170th Ohio: Col Miles J. Saunders
  • New Hampshire Heavy Artillery, 1st Company: Cpt. Charles H. Long
  • 1st Ohio Light Artillery, Battery L: Cpt Franklin C. Gibbs
  • 2nd Pennsylvania Heavy Artillery: Cpt John Norris
  • 2nd U.S. Artillery, Battery I: Lt William P. Graves
  • 7th Veteran Reserve Corps
  • 21st Veteran Reserve Corps
3rd Brigade


Ltc John H. Oberteuffer

  • Massachusetts Heavy Artillery (detachment)
  • 3rd U.S. Artillery, Battery G: Lt Herbert F. Guthrie
  • 1st Pennsylvania Light Artillery

Defenses South of the Potomac[10]
   BG Gustavus A. DeRussy

1st Brigade


Col Joseph N. G. Whistler

  • 145th Ohio: Col Henry C. Ashwill
  • 147th Ohio: Col Benjamin R. Rosson
  • 164th Ohio: Col John C. Lee, Ltc Augustus S. Bement
  • 1st Maine Artillery, Battery A: Cpt Albert W. Bradbury
  • Maryland Light Artillery, Battery A: Cpt James H. Rigby
  • 1st New York Light Artillery, Battery K: Cpt Solon W. Stocking
  • 5th New York Battery: Cpt Elijah D. Taft
  • 1st Pennsylvania Light Artillery, Battery G: Cpt Beldin Spence
  • 1st Pennsylvania Light Artillery, Battery H: Cpt Andrew Fagan
  • Maryland Light Artillery, Battery D: Cpt John M. Bruce
  • 2nd U.S. Artillery, Battery G: Lt James E. Wilson
  • 6th Massachusetts
  • 18th Massachusetts (detachment)
  • 84th New York
  • 1st Rhode Island Artillery, Battery H
  • 1st U.S. Artillery, Battery E
2nd Brigade


Col Thomas Wilhelm[11]

  • 17th New York Artillery, Independent Battery
  • Pennsylvania Light Artillery, Battery I: Cpt Robert J. Nevin
  • 16th Massachusetts Independent Battery
  • Massachusetts Heavy Artillery, 15th Company
  • Pennsylvania Light Artillery, Battery C: Capt James Thompson
  • 1st Rhode Island Light Artillery, Battery H: Cpt Crawford Allen
  • 1st U.S. Artillery, Battery E: Lt Frank S. French
  • 169th Ohio: Col Nathaniel Haynes
  • 1st New York Heavy Artillery, Battery K
3rd Brigade created 10 July


Col W. Smith Irvin

  • Maryland Artillery, Battery D
  • 136th Ohio: Col W. Smith Irvin
  • 142nd Ohio, detachment
  • 166th Ohio: Col Harrison G. Blake
  • 16th Indiana Battery: Cpt Charles R. Deming
  • Massachusetts Heavy Artillery, 15th Company: Cpt Joseph M. Parsons
  • 1st New York Heavy Artillery, Battery F: Cpt William R. Wilson
  • 1st Pennsylvania Heavy Artillery, Independent Battery
  • 72nd Pennsylvania (detachment)
  • 106th Pennsylvania (detachment)
4th Brigade created 2 July


Maj. Charles C. Meservey

  • 66th New York (detachment)
  • 136th Ohio (detachment)
  • 10th New York Heavy Artillery (detachment)
  • 1st West Virginia Light Artillery, Battery C: Cpt Wallace Hill
  • 1st Wisconsin Heavy Artillery, Company A
  • 2nd Massachusetts Cavalry (detachment)
Cavalry


Col Charles Russell Lowell

  • 2nd Massachusetts Cavalry: Ltc Caspar Crowninshield
  • 13th New York Cavalry: Col Henry Gansevoort
  • 16th New York Cavalry: Col Henry M. Lazelle

District of Washington
   Col Moses N. Wisewill[12]

1st Veteran Reserve Brigade


Col George W. Gile
(attached to Hardin's Division)

  • 1st Regiment, Veteran Reserve Corps
  • 9th Regiment, Veteran Reserve Corps
  • 6th Regiment, Veteran Reserve Corps
  • 19th Regiment, Veteran Reserve Corps
  • 20th Regiment, Veteran Reserve Corps
  • 22nd Regiment, Veteran Reserve Corps
Not brigaded[13]


  • 27th Pennsylvania, Company F
  • 150th Pennsylvania, Company K
  • Union Light Guard (Ohio Cavalry)
  • U.S. Ordnance Detachment

Cavalry Division[14]
   Col William Gamble
  

1st Division


Cpt Benjamin Rockafellow

  • 1st Brigade: Lt Charles Parker (Detachments of 1st, 5th, 6th and 7th Michigan cavalry regiments)
  • 2nd Brigade: Lt William J. Allen (Detachments of 4th, 6th and 9th New York and 17th Pennsylvania cavalry regiments)
  • Reserve Brigade: Lt Marcellus E. Jones (Detachments of 19th New York, 6th Pennsylvania, 1st Rhode Island, 1st, 2nd, 5th and 6th U.S. cavalry regiments)
2nd Division


Cpt Cpt James T. Peale

  • 1st Brigade: Lt George W. Brooks (Detachments of 1st Massachusetts , 1st New Jersey, 10th New York, 6th Ohio, 1st and 3rd Pennsylvania cavalry regiments)
  • 2nd Brigade: Cpt Robert A. Robinson (Detachments of 1st Maine, 2nd, 4th, 8th, 13th and 16th Pennsylvania cavalry regiments)
3rd Division


Maj Henry W. Sawyer

  • 1st Brigade: Cpt Robert Loudon (Detachments of 1st Connecticut, 2nd Ohio, 18th Pennsylvania, 2nd, 3rd and 5th New York cavalry regiments)
  • 2nd Brigade: Lt George W. Byard (Detachments of 8th Illinois, 3rd Indiana, 1st Ohio, 1st Vermont, 8th, 22nd and 25th New York cavalry regiments)

District of Alexandria[15]
   BG John P. Slough
   (not engaged)

2nd Veteran Reserve Brigade


Col William H. Browne

  • 3rd Regiment, Veteran Reserve Corps: Ltc John Spiedel
  • 12th Regiment, Veteran Reserve Corps: Col Addison Farnsworth
Not brigaded
  • 1st District of Columbia: Ltc Robert Boyd
  • Pennsylvania Light Artillery, Battery H: Cpt William Borrowe
  • 8th Illinois Cavalry, Company D: Cpt Henry J. Hotop
  • 1st Michigan Cavalry, Company D: Cpt Thurlow W. Lusk

Front Line Commanders[edit]

In addition to their own commands these officers supervised a section of Washington's fortifications during the battle.[16]

Commander Line
Alexander M. McCook Defenses of the Potomac River & Washington
(overall command)
Quincy A. Gillmore Fort Lincoln to Fort Totten
(Northeast line)
Montgomery C. Meigs Fort Totten to Fort DeRussy
(Northern line including Fort Stevens)
Martin D. Hardin Fort DeRussy to Fort Sumner
(Northwest line)
Horatio G. Wright Front line pickets and skirmishers

References[edit]

  • Eicher, John H., & Eicher, David J., Civil War High Commands, Stanford University Press, 2001, ISBN 0-8047-3641-3.
  1. ^ Official Records p.234
  2. ^ Meigs' Official Report p. 255
  3. ^ Eicher p. 231
  4. ^ Briggs commanded about 600 troopers from the 2nd Division, Cavalry Corps, Army of the Potomac (Official Records)
  5. ^ Official Records p. 550
  6. ^ Gillmore commanded the XIX Corps detachment until July 13 when Brig. Gen. William H. Emory was assigned to command. Eicher p255.
  7. ^ Official Records page 551
  8. ^ First Brigade (BG Henry W. Birge) and Second Brigade (Col Edward Molineux) detached for duty in Virginia. The First Brigade participating in the First Battle of Deep Bottom (see First Deep Bottom Union order of battle)
  9. ^ Official Records page 698
  10. ^ Official Records page 700
  11. ^ Official Records Chap XLIX p. 141
  12. ^ Official Records page 568
  13. ^ Official Records page 568
  14. ^ Cavalry Division consisted of detachments belonging to the cavalry of the Army of the Potomac and Middle Military Division. Composition taken from August 1864 organization (Official Records Chap LV p.978)
  15. ^ Official Records page 699
  16. ^ Official Records page 232