Fort Thomas, Kentucky
|This article needs additional citations for verification. (July 2011)|
|City of Fort Thomas|
Postcard of the Fort in 1909
|Motto: City of Beautiful Homes|
Location of Fort Thomas, Kentucky
|Established||February 27, 1867|
|Incorporated||October 6, 1914|
|• Mayor||Mary Brown|
|• City Administrative Officer||Don Martin|
|• City Treasure||Fred W. Ewald|
|• Total||6.4 sq mi (16.7 km2)|
|• Land||5.7 sq mi (14.7 km2)|
|• Water||0.7 sq mi (2 km2)|
|Elevation||860 ft (262 m)|
|• Density||2,909.8/sq mi (1,123.5/km2)|
|Time zone||EST (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
|GNIS feature ID||0492357|
Fort Thomas is a 3rd-class city in Campbell County, Kentucky, in the United States. It lies on the southern bank of the Ohio River at the site of an 1890 U.S. Army post. The population was 16,325 at the 2010 census, making it the largest city in Campbell County. It is part of the Cincinnati – Northern Kentucky metropolitan area.
Evidence suggests that c. 1749 and prior to its settlement by Europeans, a large battle occurred at the site of the present city of Fort Thomas between a band of Cherokee and a victorious alliance of Miami and Shawnee. As many as 600 graves of slain warriors have been unearthed by archaeologists here; although the battleground area has been thoroughly combed for artifacts and remains over the years, it is still not uncommon to find arrowheads and other artifacts from the past while gardening or hiking the woods and streambeds throughout the city.
In 1887, a site was needed to replace the frequently-flooded U.S. Army barracks in nearby Newport. Built in 1803, Newport Barracks replaced the smaller Fort Washington in Cincinnati and was located at the junction of the Licking and Ohio Rivers.
The area has many remnants of this era with a 102-foot (31 m) high Stone Water Tower as a familiar landmark which stands at the entrance to Tower Park. It was the 16th structure built on the grounds of the Military Reservation. It encloses a standpipe which has a capacity of 100,000 gallons, pumped from the Water District reservoirs just across South Fort Thomas Avenue. In 1890 when the military base was established, such provisions for water supply was necessary as there was no other water tower in this area. Cannons that were captured in Cuba’s Havana Harbor during the Spanish-American War rest on stone platforms in front of the Tower. The dates marked on these cannon, reflecting the date they were made in Barcelona, Spain, are "1768" and "1769."
General Philip Sheridan personally selected 11 acres (45,000 m2) of the city and dubbed the area the Highlands, predicting it to become the "West Point of the West." The new post was named Fort Thomas in honor of General George Henry Thomas. The Stone Water Tower is named "The Rock of Chickamauga" in honor of General Thomas as he received that sobriquet because of his determination at The Battle of Chickamauga during the American Civil War. The U.S. 6th Infantry Regiment moved to Fort Thomas, where it remained until called to action again in June 1898, in the Spanish-American War.
The town around the barracks annexed the neighboring communities of Guyville and Dale when it formally incorporated in 1914.
Samuel Woodfill was transferred to the Fort Thomas Army post in 1912. He married Lorena Wiltshire on Christmas Day in 1917 and they purchased a house near the fort. In World War I he led his men against the Germans. His bravery earned him many medals and awards and he was described as the most decorated soldier of the war. In civilian life, however, he struggled to pay his bills. He was unsuccessful at creating an orchard, and worked as a carpenter, a watchman and a guard. His wife died in March, 1942, but two months later, the Army commissioned Woodfill and another World War I hero, Alvin C. York as majors to build morale and promote enlistments. Woodfill retired again in 1944, but memories of his wife in Fort Thomas caused him to return to Indiana, where he was born.
On February 25, 1937, Paul Tibbets enlisted here as a flying cadet in the United States Army Air Corps. During the last days of World War II, Paul became known as the pilot that dropped the first atomic bomb on August 6, 1945.
The murder of Pearl Bryan occurred in Fort Thomas in 1896. The trial of her killers attracted significant media attention.
Fort Thomas is located at  According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 6.4 square miles (17 km2), of which 5.7 square miles (15 km2) is land and 0.8 square miles (2.1 km2) (11.82%) is water.(39.076011, -84.451273).
Fort Thomas is located within a climatic transition zone at the extreme northern limit of the humid subtropical climate. The local climate is a basically a blend of the subtropics to the south and the humid continental climate to the north. There are several "micro-climates" found in Fort Thomas which produce warmer than usual or cooler than usual "pockets". In the warmer niches it is not at all uncommon to find such "subtropical" novelties as the common wall lizard, the Southern magnolia (Magnolia grandiflora), and even the rare Needle palm; Blue spruce and Salamander tend to occur in the cooler and shaded niches. Moderating variables for the overall climate of Fort Thomas include: the Ohio River, the region's relatively large hills and valleys, and an urban heat influence due to the proximity of the Cincinnati/Northern Kentucky (Covington, Newport, etc.) metropolitan area. Fort Thomas is located within the Bluegrass region of Kentucky and Southern Ohio and is also situated within the northern periphery of the Upland South.
As of the census of 2010, there were 16,325 people, 6,787 households, and 4,219 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,909.8 people per square mile (1,123.2/km²). There were 7,028 housing units at an average density of 1,239.8 per square mile (478.6/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 96.1% White, 1.3% African American, 0.1% Native American, 0.9% Asian, less than 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.4% from other races, and 1.2% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.4% of the population.
There were 6,787 households out of which 30.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.8% were married couples living together, 9.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.8% were non-families. 32.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.35 and the average family size was 3.03.
In the city the population was spread out with 24.2% under the age of 18, 7.7% from 18 to 24, 25.1% from 25 to 44, 27.4% from 45 to 64, and 15.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39.8 years. For every 100 females there were 90.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 84.5 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $49,575, and the median income for a family was $63,006. Males had a median income of $43,733 versus $30,209 for females. The per capita income for the city was $26,657. About 2.8% of families and 4.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.7% of those under age 18 and 3.2% of those age 65 or over.
Fort Thomas has an independent public school district, the Fort Thomas Independent Schools, with three elementary schools: (Robert D. Johnson Elementary, Ruth Moyer Elementary, and Samuel Woodfill Elementary), Highlands Middle School, and Highlands High School, which are consistently ranked among the top in the country. Highlands High School is the only public high school in the state with a Cum Laude Society chapter.
The mascot for Highlands is the bluebird. According to local legend, in the early twentieth century the original mascot for the school was the Highlands Blue Devil. A local clergyman objected to the association of the community to the devil. At the time, the boys' track team had an exceptionally good year and it was remarked that they "flew like birds." This gave rise to the new and current mascot.
The Highlands football program is one of the most storied in all of Kentucky. Highlands has won 20 official state football championships and three "mythical" state titles prior to Kentucky instituting a statewide playoff system. The Bluebirds currently rank second in the state and fifth in the entire nation in total number of wins. Current NFL free agent Jared Lorenzen starred in football at Highlands. He signed as a free-agent with the Giants after attending the University of Kentucky. Michael Mitchell, who was drafted in 2009 by the Oakland Raiders with the 47th pick, played football at Highlands. Ben Guidugli, who was also a member of Highlands Football, played TE at the University of Cincinnati and was picked up as free agent by the St. Louis Rams in 2011.
The school has twice won three consecutive girls' cross country championships in 1978-1980 and 2002–2004 and has won consecutive girls' soccer championships (2005–2006). The boys and girls soccer teams were state runners-up in 2008, the first time in state history both teams made the finals from one school. The girls' track team won consecutive state championships in 2008 and 2009.
The Highlands band has also received recognition. The marching band placed sixth in the KMEA State semi-finals competition in November 2005. They also achieved fifth place in November 2009, only missing finals by a quarter of a point. In May 2007, the concert band received a distinguished rating, the highest, in the Kentucky State Concert Band Festival at the University of Louisville.
The Highlands Girls tennis team has also won regionals and qualified for the state tournament four years running.
There are two Catholic private schools in the city, Saint Thomas Elementary and Saint Catherine Elementary.
Fort Thomas has undergone numerous changes over the years. A recent push has renovated downtown Fort Thomas, which is centered around the intersection of Fort Thomas Avenue and Highland Avenue. This business district contains the municipal building, fire department, police station, as well as several shops, banks, and other businesses.
Fort Thomas has a secondary business district known as Midway, located adjacent to the former Army post and named after the Midway carnival at the 1893 World's Columbian Exposition in Chicago. As of 2010, the Midway district is undergoing streetscaping improvements similar to those performed in the downtown area.
Fort Thomas is situated on the southern border of the Ohio River, directly opposite of Cincinnati, Ohio. Therefore the major media market for the city is Cincinnati. Fort Thomas then uses Cincinnati's television and radio outlets.
- Print Media:
- Daily Paper
- Weekly Paper
- The Fort Thomas Recorder, a special edition of The Campbell County Recorder, delivered free to the city's residence but donation is suggested with the majority of the proceeds going to the delivery boy or girl.
- Monthly Paper
- Inside Fort Thomas, available free at newsstands and sent to every home in Fort Thomas. Circulation stopped in 2014.
- Fort Thomas Living, a monthly magazine sent through the mail as a free subscription to residents of Fort Thomas. FTL is also available at local newsstands. The Editor of the Magazine is local resident, Mark Collier.
- Online Media
- Fort Thomas Matters, is an online new website owned by local resident Mark Collier. The site is focused on current events and includes commentary of political and civic events in the community.
- Jim Bunning, Republican Senator and member of the National Baseball Hall of Fame who early in his political career served on the city council. He now lives in Southgate.
- Andre Caldwell, Cincinnati Bengals wide receiver.
- Cris Collinsworth, former Cincinnati Bengals wide receiver and American television sportscaster for NBC.
- Cordelia E Cook was the first woman to receive both the Bronze Star Medal and the Purple Heart.
- Merril Hoge, former Pittsburgh Steelers running back and national sports commentator for ESPN.
- Jared Lorenzen, New York Giants - backup quarterback
- Mike Mitchell, Carolina Panthers - safety
- Jeff Walz, head coach of the University of Louisville women's basketball team.
- Samuel Woodfill, the most decorated soldier of World War I
- Brandon Phillips, Cincinnati Reds Second Basemen
- Commonwealth of Kentucky. Office of the Secretary of State. Land Office. "Fort Thomas, Kentucky". Accessed 25 Jul 2013.
- Rennick, Robert M. (1987). Kentucky Place Names. University Press of Kentucky. p. 107. Retrieved 2013-04-28.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- Cum Laude Membership[dead link]
- "America's Most Challenging High Schools". The Washington Post. Retrieved 11 April 2014.
- History section is based primarily from the city's official website.