Fortaleza do Monte

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Fortaleza do Monte
Chinese name
Chinese 大炮台
Literal meaning Big Fortress
Portuguese name
Portuguese Fortaleza de Nossa Senhora do Monte de São Paulo
A reflecting pool by the main fortress building
Cannons line the fortress walls

Fortaleza do Monte (Portuguese for Mount Fortress, also Monte Forte; officially Fortaleza de Nossa Senhora do Monte de São Paulo, in English: Fortress of Our Lady of the Mount of St. Paul; Chinese: 大炮台) is the historical military centre of the former Portuguese colony of Macau, in the People's Republic of China. It is part of the "Historic Centre of Macau", a UNESCO World Heritage Site.[1]

Garden in Fortaleza do Monte

The fort was built in 1617–1626 to protect the properties of the Jesuits in Macau. Later it was seized by the governor for the defense of Macau.

The Museum of Macau was built on the hill in the 1990s. The tree-covered park at the top of the fort has a panoramic view of the mainland area of Macau.

The fortress has served various functions:

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Coordinates: 22°11′49.6″N 113°32′32.72″E / 22.197111°N 113.5424222°E / 22.197111; 113.5424222