Fortress Study Group

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The Fortress Study Group is an international organisation based in the UK, which aims to further the understanding of military fortifications, particularly those designed after the introduction of gunpowder artillery.


Pendennis Castle, Cornwall, early artillery fortification

The Fortress Study Group was formed in June 1975 at Pembroke College, Oxford with Jock Hamilton-Baillie as chairman, Quentin Hughes as editor of the annual journal, and his Royal Highness the Duke of Gloucester as patron. Other notable members, past and present include Andrew Saunders, Christopher Duffy, Simon Pepper and the late Ian V. Hogg. There are currently around 600 members worldwide.


The group publishes an annual peer reviewed journal entitled FORT which contains articles on fortifications throughout the world, and Casemate, a newsletter published 3 times a year. Annual Conferences and lecture days are held in the UK in order to disseminate new research on the subject. Tours of fortifications outside the UK are also organised and a specialist library on the subject of fortification is held at Fort Nelson. The group also offers small grants for the publication of works on fortification and the preservation of fortifications.

The Fortress Study Group was involved in the Defence of Britain Project[1] (April 1995 - March 2002) which aimed to record all surviving 20th century defences in Britain. The group surveyed 270 sites on the Holderness coast in the UK in 1992 on behalf of the Royal Commission on the Historic Monuments of England. This formed the basis of the Defence of Britain Project under the Council for British Archaeology. Individual members have also been involved with restoration projects such as Fort Amherst, Harwich Redoubt, The Needles Battery, and Newhaven Fort.


  1. ^ English Heritage Conservation Bulletin: Issue 44, June 2003

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