Fortress Wall of Seoul
The Seoul Fortress wall (hangul: 한양도성; hanja: 漢陽都城) was built in 1397 as protection from invaders and show the boundaries of the city, surrounding Hanyang (hangul: 한양; hanja: 漢陽; the old name for Seoul) in the Joseon Dynasty. At that time, it was called Hansung (hangul: 한성; hanja: 漢城). The wall stretches 18.2km but most of it has been destroyed over the years during the Japanese invasion and Korean War. The government is currently trying to restore most of the wall.
|Fortress Wall of Seoul|
|Hangul||한양도성 / 서울성곽|
|Hanja||漢陽都城 / 서울城郭|
|Revised Romanization||Hanyangdoseong / Seoulseonggwak|
|McCune–Reischauer||Hanyangdosong / Seoulsongkwak|
In 1395, just five years after King Taejo founded the Joseon Dynasty, King Taejo established a government office [Doseongchukjoedogam (hangul: 도성축조도감; hanja: 都城築造都監)] to build a castle to defend Seoul, and he ordered Jeong Do-jeon to search for and measure a site.
On January 1, 1396 (by the lunar calendar), Taejo of Joseon held the groundbreaking ceremony. One hundred ninety seven thousand four hundred young men were placed under requisition over 2 years and completed building the castle 98 days after the war along the mountains Bugaksan, Naksan, Namsan, and Inwangsan. The wall contained eight gates, all of which were originally constructed between 1396 and 1398.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Fortress Wall of Seoul.|
- Fortress Wall of Seoul Korean Britannica Online