Fortune favours the bold
|This article needs additional citations for verification. (August 2009)|
Fortune favours the bold, Fortune favours the brave, Fortune helps the brave, and Fortune favours the strong are common translations of the Latin proverb Audentes fortuna iuuat, Fortes fortuna adiuuat, Fortuna audaces iuua and Fortes fortuna iuuat and, in extremely rare cases, Forest Fortuna Adiuvat.
- 1 Origins
- 2 Historical examples
- 2.1 Ancient history
- 2.2 Her Majesty's Armed Forces, The Yorkshire Regiment (British Army)
- 2.3 USS Florida
- 2.4 Clan Mackinnon
- 2.5 Clan Turnbull
- 2.6 Jutish Dragoon Regiment
- 2.7 Her Majesty's Armed Forces, 25 Flight Army Air Corps (British Army)
- 2.8 Turing Family
- 2.9 O'Flaherty Family (Ireland)
- 2.10 Dixon Family
- 3 Similar proverbs
- 4 References
The phrase means that Fortuna, the Goddess of luck, is more likely to help those who take risks or action. Its earliest recorded use is by the second century BC playwright Terence, Phormio, 203 (Fortis Fortuna adiuuat) and by Ennius, Ann. 257 (Fortibus est Fortuna uiris data). A similar phrase (Audentis Fortuna iuuat) is shouted by Turnus in Virgil's Aeneid, 10.284, as he begins the charge against Aeneas' Trojans. This phrase is often quoted as Audentes Fortuna iuuat or Audaces Fortuna iuuat.
The Roman dictator and consul Lucius Cornelius Sulla was said to believe in the influence of the goddess Fortune in his life. He was a consummate risk-taker, achieving martial distinction by taking risks on the battlefield such as wearing disguises and living among the enemy. He was also the first of the great Republican Romans to march upon Rome — a great taboo, but one which cemented his power and influence. Sulla so believed in his favor with Fortuna that he took the agnomen Felix which means "lucky" and gave his twin son and daughter the antiquated praenomens Faustus and Fausta because those names were also associated with luck.
Julius Caesar also transformed his fortunes when he marched on Rome, declaring alea iacta est (the die is cast) as he crossed the Rubicon river. The utterance was a commitment of his fate to Fortune. While Caesar was a professional soldier, many of his victories were achieved by taking bold risks which exposed him and his troops to significant danger, but resulted in memorable victories.
Pliny the Younger quotes his uncle Pliny the Elder as saying Fortune favors the bold! (fortes, inquit, fortuna iuuat) when commanding his ship to sail closer to Vesuvius in AD 79, an action that led to his death in the eruption.
Her Majesty's Armed Forces, The Yorkshire Regiment (British Army)
This is used as the motto of The Yorkshire Regiment in the British Army.
This is used as the motto of the USS Florida (SSGN-728)
This is used as the Motto of the ancient clan.
This is also the motto for Clan Turnbull.
Jutish Dragoon Regiment
This is used by the Jutish Dragoon Regiment in the Royal Danish Army
Her Majesty's Armed Forces, 25 Flight Army Air Corps (British Army)
This is used as the motto of 25 Flight Army Air Corps in the British Army.
A Latin equivalent (fortunas audentas juvat) is used as the motto for the Turing family, dating back to 1316 AD.
O'Flaherty Family (Ireland)
This is used as the motto for the Dixon family and is presented on their family crest