Fos-sur-Mer

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Fos-sur-Mer
Industrial zone
Industrial zone
Fos-sur-Mer is located in France
Fos-sur-Mer
Fos-sur-Mer
Coordinates: 43°26′25″N 4°56′55″E / 43.4403°N 4.9486°E / 43.4403; 4.9486Coordinates: 43°26′25″N 4°56′55″E / 43.4403°N 4.9486°E / 43.4403; 4.9486
Country France
Region Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
Department Bouches-du-Rhône
Arrondissement Istres
Canton Istres-Sud
Intercommunality Ouest Provence
Government
 • Mayor (2008–2014) René Raimondi
Area
 • Land1 92.31 km2 (35.64 sq mi)
Population (2008)
 • Population2 15,448
 • Population2 density 170/km2 (430/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 13039 / 13270
Elevation 0–39 m (0–128 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Fos-sur-Mer is a commune in the Bouches-du-Rhône department in southern France.

Geography[edit]

Fos-sur-Mer is situated about 50 km (31 mi) north west of Marseille, on the Mediterranean coast, and to the west of the Étang de Berre. The city has 6 km (3.7 mi) of sand beach.

Population[edit]

Historical population
Year Pop.   ±%  
1793 550 —    
1800 418 −24.0%
1806 579 +38.5%
1821 690 +19.2%
1831 916 +32.8%
1836 1,498 +63.5%
1841 1,862 +24.3%
1846 1,938 +4.1%
1851 1,984 +2.4%
1856 2,130 +7.4%
1861 2,218 +4.1%
1866 1,170 −47.2%
1872 1,170 +0.0%
1876 1,040 −11.1%
1881 1,140 +9.6%
1886 1,146 +0.5%
1891 1,464 +27.7%
1896 1,473 +0.6%
1901 1,393 −5.4%
1906 996 −28.5%
1911 1,114 +11.8%
1921 1,223 +9.8%
1926 1,350 +10.4%
1931 1,531 +13.4%
1936 1,543 +0.8%
1946 1,645 +6.6%
1954 2,349 +42.8%
1962 2,898 +23.4%
1968 2,869 −1.0%
1975 6,709 +133.8%
1982 9,031 +34.6%
1990 11,605 +28.5%
1999 13,925 +20.0%
2008 15,448 +10.9%

Economy[edit]

Fos is the site of a major port development operated by the Autonomous Port of Marseilles. The facilities include container handling terminals and a gas (methane) terminal. The waterside location of the industrial zone is attractive to heavy industry including steel. The steel group ArcelorMittal has its Sollac Méditerranée plant here. The presence of the steel, chemistry and oil industries means that pollution levels are high.

See also[edit]

References[edit]