|— Prefecture-level city —|
|Guanyin on top of Xiqiaoshan, & Downtown Foshan in Chancheng District|
|City Seat||Chancheng District|
|• CPC Committee Secretary||Lin Yuanhe (林元和)|
|• Mayor||Chen Yunxian （陈云贤）|
|• Prefecture-level city||3,813.64 km2 (1,472.45 sq mi)|
|• Water||690 km2 (270 sq mi)|
|• Urban||153.69 km2 (59.34 sq mi)|
|• Prefecture-level city||7,194,311|
|• Density||1,900/km2 ( 4,900/sq mi)|
|Time zone||China Standard Time (UTC+8)|
|License plate prefixes||粤E（for motor vehicles registered in Chancheng, Sanshui and Gaoming District）,
粤Y(for motor vehicles registered in Nanhai District),
粤X(for motor vehicles registered in Shunde District)
|- Total||¥ 481.5 billion (2009)|
|- Per capita||¥ 80,579 (2009)|
|Cantonese Jyutping||Fat6 saan1|
|Literal meaning||Buddha Mountain|
Fóshān (Chinese: 佛山), is a city in central Guangdong province in southern China. The prefectural area under the city's jurisdiction over an area of about 3,840 km² and currently with a population of 7.1 million of which 3.6 million reside in the city proper.
|Map||#||Name||Hanzi||Hanyu Pinyin||Population (2010 census.)||Area (km²)||Density (/km²)|
|1||Chancheng District||禅城区||Chánchéng Qū||1,101,077||154||7,150|
|2||Nanhai District||南海区||Nánhǎi Qū||2,588,844||1,074||2,410|
|3||Shunde District||顺德区||Shùndé Qū||2,461,701||806||3,054|
|4||Sanshui District||三水区||Sānshuǐ Qū||622,645||874||712|
|5||Gaoming District||高明区||Gāomíng Qū||420,044||960||438|
Foshan is close to Guangzhou and considers its link with Guangzhou very important. A Guangzhou-Foshan metropolitan region is being formed.
Geography and climate
|This section requires expansion. (February 2010)|
|Climate data for Guangzhou (normals 1971–2000, extremes 1961–2000)|
|Record high °C (°F)||27.2
|Average high °C (°F)||18.3
|Average low °C (°F)||10.3
|Record low °C (°F)||0.1
|Rainfall mm (inches)||40.9
|Avg. rainy days (≥ 0.1 mm)||7.5||11.2||15.0||16.3||18.3||18.2||15.9||16.8||12.5||7.1||5.5||4.9||149.2|
|Mean monthly sunshine hours||118.5||71.6||62.4||65.1||104.0||140.2||202.0||173.5||170.2||181.8||172.7||166.0||1,628|
|Percent possible sunshine||35||22||17||17||26||35||49||43||46||51||52||50||36.9|
|Source: China Meteorological Administration, all-time extreme temperature|
The first line of FMetro opened in 2010, making Foshan the tenth city in Mainland China to have an underground railway system. Currently the underground network is made up of one line, covering a total length of 20.4 km (12.7 mi), while another two lines are under construction and due to be completed in 2015 and 2020. A long term plan is to make the city's underground system expand to 8 lines.
Being a prominent link to Guangzhou city, the Guangfo Line of the FMetro and Guangzhou Metro is the first inter-city subway in mainland China. The line was open in time for the 2010 Asian Games making it very convenient to go from Foshan downtown area to any place in Guangzhou.
The existing line of FMetro network:
Foshan Shadi Airport was once a regional airport with mixed usage (both military and domestic transport) since January 22, 1987, as it became a base of China United Airlines (CUA) in Guangdong Province. When CUA ceased domestic flights on November 1, 2002, Foshan Airport remained military service only. The airport resumed its regional airport status in 2005 when the regrouped CUA, which was partly purchased by Shanghai Airlines, resumed domestic flight service. There is a scheduled flight between Foshan and Beijing Nanyuan Airport.
Foshan is a main interchange for railway routes linking Guangzhou, Hong Kong and the western Guangdong Province. It is connected with Hong Kong via the KCRC Guangdong Through Train service from Foshan Railway Station. The inter-city train service was extended from Guangzhou to Foshan since the 1990s.
Bus service is the major public transit in Foshan.
The Foshan motor vehicle plate begin with the abbreviation of Guangdong Province "粤"
- 粤Y for Nanhai District (南海区)
- 粤X for Shunde District (顺德区)
- 粤E for Gaoming District (高明区), Sanshui District (三水区), and Chancheng District (禅城区)
Manufacture and Industry
Following Shenzhen and Guangzhou, Foshan is the third largest manufacturing base in the Pearl River Delta. Once home to a strong State-Owned Enterprises sector, its current economic strength lies in privates firms and Township and Village Enterprises in Shunde and Nanhai. In 2002, private firms contributed 56.12% of the industrial output and firms from Hong Kong, Macau, and Taiwan contributed 63.44% in exports.
Key industries in Foshan include:
- Household electrical appliance and tool manufacturing
- Non-metal ore and manufacturing
- Electronics and communications
- Stainless steel products
- Plastic products
Towns in Foshan specialize in Pillar Industries as follows:
- Beijiao Town, Shunde (顺德北滘) - household electrical appliances
- Chencun Town, Shunde (顺德陈村) - flowers and horticulture
- Dali Town, Nanhai (南海大沥) - aluminium products
- Lecong Town, Shunde (顺德乐从) - furniture production and distribution
- Nanzhuang Town, Nanhai (南海南庄) - building materials
- Xiqiao Town, Nanhai (南海西樵) - tourism and textiles
- Yanbu Town, Nanhai (南海盐步) - underclothes
- Nanzhuang Town, Chancheng (禅城南庄) - ceramics
Some well-known brands to come out of these pillar industries include Midea, Kelon, and Jianlibao. Foshan's furniture and lighting industry is known as the world's largest furniture wholesale market and the world's largest lighting wholesale market.
- Foshan Hi-Tech Development Zone
Foshan Hi-Tech Development Zone was founded in 1992. Its total planned area is 7.55 square kilometers. The zone is very close to the national highway G325 as well as Guangzhou Baiyun International Airport. The major industries in the zone including automobile assembly, biotechnology and chemicals processing.
Foshan aims to become a manufacturing giant and the third largest city in Guangdong. To do this, it has pledged to make large-scale investment in the construction of the infrastructure such as transportation and energy. Urban development will focus on the central urban group and Shunde urban group, each with more than one million inhabitants.
Foshan has many tourist spots, including Chinese temples and other examples of Chinese architecture. The old Ancestral Temple in Foshan houses the city's guardian, where it has stood for hundreds of years. The temple still stands after enduring many wars and the Cultural Revolution. Much of its original architecture is still intact. The temple is now used to stage the traditional Cantonese opera in addition to veneration.
Another potential tourist site in Foshan is the old porcelain furnace in Shi Wan. It is said to have been in operation since the Tang dynasty, and the fire inside has never gone out. It is still producing some of the chinaware that made Foshan famous. Surrounding that site are many workshops of the local artists.
The countryside surrounding Foshan city retains much of its traditional south Chinese rural characteristics.
- Foshan Ancestral Temple (佛山祖庙)
- Dong Hua Li Alley (东华里)
- Liang's Garden (梁园)
- Qinghui Garden (清晖园)
- Renshou Pagoda (仁寿寺)
- Folk Arts & Crafts Center
- Pottery & Ceramics Guild
- Statue of Guan Yin on Mount Xiqiao
- Ancient Nanfeng Kiln (南风古灶)
- Central Television Nanhai Film Studio (南海影视城)
- Markham, Ontario, Canada
- Itami, Hyōgo, Japan
- La Possession, (Réunion), since 1989.
- Aix-en-Provence, France
- Port Louis, Mauritius
- Stockton, California, United States
- Townsville, Australia
- Medway United Kingdom
- St. George's, Grenada
- Wong Fei Hung (1847–1924), legendary martial art master and doctor.
- Yip Man (1893–1972), Wing Chun martial art master, sifu of Bruce Lee.
- "Foshan City". Foshan University. Retrieved 26 January 2013.
- "中国地面国际交换站气候标准值月值数据集（1971－2000年）[[Category:Articles containing simplified Chinese-language text]]" (in Simplified Chinese). China Meteorological Administration. Retrieved March 2009. Wikilink embedded in URL title (help)
- "Extreme Temperatures Around the World". Retrieved 2010-12-01.
- RightSite.asia | Foshan Hi-Tech Development Zone
- "About the University". Fosu.edu.cn. 2010-06-30. Retrieved 2012-02-07.
- Ville de la Possession - Jumelages
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Foshan|
- Map of Foshan (Chinese)