Clockwise from top right: Zumiao of Foshan, Qingyun Tower in Shunfengshan Park, Statue of Guanyin on top of Xiqiaoshan, & Downtown Foshan in Chancheng District
|Nickname(s): 禅 (Chan)|
|Country||People's Republic of China|
|Municipal seat||Chancheng District|
|• CPC Committee Secretary||Li Yiwei (李贻伟)|
|• Mayor||Liu Yuelun (刘悦伦)|
|• Prefecture-level city||3,797.72 km2 (1,466.31 sq mi)|
|• Water||690 km2 (270 sq mi)|
|• Urban||153.69 km2 (59.34 sq mi)|
|Elevation||16 m (52 ft)|
|• Prefecture-level city||7,261,800|
|• Density||1,900/km2 (5,000/sq mi)|
|Time zone||China Standard Time (UTC+8)|
|License plate prefixes||粤E（for motor vehicles registered in Chancheng, Sanshui and Gaoming District）,
粤Y(for motor vehicles registered in Nanhai District),
粤X(for motor vehicles registered in Shunde District)
|GDP||¥ 658.0 billion (2011)|
|GDP per capita||¥ 71,599 (2011)|
|Cantonese Jyutping||fat6 saan1|
|Literal meaning||Buddha Mountain|
Foshan (Chinese: 佛山), is a prefecture-level city in central Guangdong province, People's Republic of China. The area under the city's jurisdiction is about 3,840 km2 (1,480 sq mi) and currently has a population of 7.1 million of which 3.6 million reside in the city proper.
- 1 History
- 2 Administration
- 3 Geography and climate
- 4 Transportation
- 5 Economy
- 6 Education
- 7 Tourism
- 8 Friendship cities
- 9 Sister cities
- 10 Notable people
- 11 References
- 12 External links
In ancient times, Foshan was known as Lihua Township. In 398, during the Jin Dynasty, a monk from present-day India founded a Buddhist temple on Tapo Hill. The temple fell into disrepair, but in 628, during the Tang Dynasty, county residents saw light radiating from the hill, where they excavated three bronze statues of the Buddha. They built a temple to house the three statues. From that time, the place was known as Foshan (Buddha Hill). Foshan became a religious center for the Pearl River Delta and was also known as Chancheng (Meditation City). This name survives today as the name of Foshan's central administrative district.
In 1925, Foshan became a city, but this status was revoked in 1927. Foshan regained the status of a city in 1951, and gained the status of a prefecture-level city in 1974. During the 1980s and 1990s, the present-day territory of Foshan underwent a number of administrative reorganizations. The city attained its present boundaries and administrative divisions in 2003.
|Map||#||Name||Hanzi||Hanyu Pinyin||Population (2010 census.)||Area (km²)||Density (/km²)|
|1||Chancheng District||禅城区||Chánchéng Qū||1,101,077||154||7,150|
|2||Nanhai District||南海区||Nánhǎi Qū||2,588,844||1,074||2,410|
|3||Shunde District||顺德区||Shùndé Qū||2,461,701||806||3,054|
|4||Sanshui District||三水区||Sānshuǐ Qū||622,645||874||712|
|5||Gaoming District||高明区||Gāomíng Qū||420,044||960||438|
Foshan is close to Guangzhou and considers its link with Guangzhou very important. A Guangzhou-Foshan metropolitan region is being formed.
Geography and climate
|Climate data for Guangzhou (normals 1971–2000, extremes 1961–2000)|
|Record high °C (°F)||27.2
|Average high °C (°F)||18.3
|Average low °C (°F)||10.3
|Record low °C (°F)||0.1
|Rainfall mm (inches)||40.9
|Avg. rainy days (≥ 0.1 mm)||7.5||11.2||15.0||16.3||18.3||18.2||15.9||16.8||12.5||7.1||5.5||4.9||149.2|
|Mean monthly sunshine hours||118.5||71.6||62.4||65.1||104.0||140.2||202.0||173.5||170.2||181.8||172.7||166.0||1,628|
|Percent possible sunshine||35||22||17||17||26||35||49||43||46||51||52||50||36.9|
|Source: China Meteorological Administration, all-time extreme temperature|
|This section does not cite any references or sources. (May 2014)|
The first line of FMetro opened in 2010, and another two lines are under construction and due to be completed in 2015 and 2020.
The existing line of FMetro network:
Foshan Shadi Airport was once a regional airport with mixed usage (both military and domestic transport) since January 22, 1987, as it became a base of China United Airlines (CUA) in Guangdong Province. When CUA ceased domestic flights on November 1, 2002, Foshan Airport remained military service only. The airport resumed its regional airport status in 2005 when the regrouped CUA, which was partly purchased by Shanghai Airlines, resumed domestic flight service. There is a scheduled flight between Foshan and Beijing Nanyuan Airport.
Foshan is a main interchange for railway routes linking Guangzhou, Hong Kong and the western Guangdong Province. It is connected with Hong Kong via the KCRC Guangdong Through Train service from Foshan Railway Station. The inter-city train service was extended from Guangzhou to Foshan since the 1990s.
Bus service is the major public transit in Foshan.
- 粤Y for Nanhai District
- 粤X for Shunde District
- 粤E for Gaoming District, Sanshui District, and Chancheng District
Manufacture and Industry
Following Shenzhen and Guangzhou, Foshan is the third largest manufacturing base in the Pearl River Delta. Once home to a strong State-Owned Enterprises sector, its current economic strength lies in privates firms and Township and Village Enterprises in Shunde and Nanhai. In 2002, private firms contributed 56.12% of the industrial output and firms from Hong Kong, Macau, and Taiwan contributed 63.44% in exports.
Key industries in Foshan include:
- Household electrical appliance and tool manufacturing
- Non-metal ore and manufacturing
- Electronics and communications
- Stainless steel products
- Plastic products
Some well-known brands to come out of these pillar industries include Midea, Kelon, and Jianlibao. Foshan's furniture and lighting industry is known as the world's largest furniture wholesale market and the world's largest lighting wholesale market.
- Foshan Hi-Tech Development Zone
Foshan Hi-Tech Development Zone was founded in 1992. Its total planned area is 7.55 km2 (2.92 sq mi). The zone is very close to the national highway G325 as well as Guangzhou Baiyun International Airport. The major industries in the zone including automobile assembly, biotechnology and chemicals processing.
Foshan aims to become a manufacturing giant and the third largest city in Guangdong. To do this, it has pledged to make large-scale investment in the construction of the infrastructure such as transportation and energy. Urban development will focus on the central urban group and Shunde urban group, each with more than one million inhabitants.
|This section does not cite any references or sources. (May 2014)|
Foshan has many tourist spots, including Chinese temples and other examples of Chinese architecture. The old Ancestral Temple in Foshan houses the city's guardian, where it has stood for hundreds of years. The temple still stands after enduring many wars and the Cultural Revolution. Much of its original architecture is still intact. The temple is now used to stage the traditional Cantonese opera in addition to veneration.
Another potential tourist site in Foshan is the old porcelain furnace in Shi Wan. It is said to have been in operation since the Tang dynasty, and the fire inside has never gone out. It is still producing some of the chinaware that made Foshan famous. Surrounding that site are many workshops of the local artists.
The countryside surrounding Foshan city retains much of its traditional south Chinese rural characteristics.
- Foshan Ancestral Temple
- Dong Hua Li Alley (东华里巷)
- Liang's Garden (梁园)
- Qinghui Garden (清晖园)
- Renshou Temple (仁寿寺)
- Folk Arts & Crafts Center
- Pottery & Ceramics Guild
- Statue of Guan Yin on Mount Xiqiao
- Ancient Nanfeng Kiln (南风古灶)
- Central Television Nanhai Film Studio (南海影视城)
- Wong Fei-hung Memorial Hall
- Markham, Ontario, Canada
- Itami, Hyōgo, Japan
- La Possession, Réunion, France (since 1989)
- Aix-en-Provence, France
- Port Louis, Mauritius
- Stockton, California, United States
- Townsville, Queensland, Australia
- Medway, United Kingdom
- St. George's, Grenada
- Ingolstadt, Bavaria, Germany (since 2013)
- Wong Fei Hung (1847–1924), legendary martial art master and doctor.
- Yip Man (1893–1972), Wing Chun martial art master, sifu of Bruce Lee.
- "中国地面国际交换站气候标准值月值数据集（1971－2000年)" (in Simplified Chinese). China Meteorological Administration. Retrieved March 2009.
- "Extreme Temperatures Around the World". Retrieved 2010-12-01.
- RightSite.asia | Foshan Hi-Tech Development Zone
- "About the University". Fosu.edu.cn. 2010-06-30. Retrieved 2012-02-07.
- Ville de la Possession - Jumelages
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Foshan.|
- Map of Foshan (Chinese)