Fossil Forest, Dorset

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On this ledge are some ring-shaped structures up to 2 metres across. These are moulds of gymnosperms (early coniferous trees) which died after being encased in sediment. Most of the trees were upright leaving round holes, but some had fallen leaving elongate coffin-shaped moulds.

The Fossil Forest is the remains of an ancient forest from Jurassic times, located to the east of Lulworth Cove on the Isle of Purbeck in Dorset, England.[1] It lies on the Jurassic Coast, on a wide ledge in the seaside cliff. The site is within the Lulworth Ranges and thus has restricted access. Parts of forest can also be seen on the Isle of Portland and in quarries near the town of Weymouth to the west.[2]

History[edit]

Near the end of the Jurassic period (c.144 million years ago) the sea levels dropped and a number of islands emerged in the Purbeck area, surrounded by saline lagoons and channels. For a short period, soil formed and a tropical forest grew up. It then flooded under a shallow saline lagoon. The remains are now preserved as the Fossil Forest. This provides the most complete fossilised record of a Jurassic forest in the world.[2] The c. 140 million year-old trees bear similarities with modern day Cypress (Cupressus), with foliage having the characteristics of a 'Monkey Puzzle' (Araucaria araucana).[1] Because of its closeness to Cupressus, the species found here at the fossilized forest has been named Protocupressinoxylon purbeckensis[1] (i.e. 'Early cypress-wood from the Purbecks'). Purbeckensis is fairly easily distinguished from other species of prehistoric tree, due to the timbers' characteristic "cross-field pitting".[3] Algal stromatolites can be observed upon some of the stumps.[4]

The Fossil Forest at Dorset has been described as "one of the most complete fossilized forest of any age".[5]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Ian West, Geology of the Purbeck Fossil Forest, Geology of the Wessex Coast of Southern England.
  2. ^ a b The Fossil Forest: Range Walks, Jurassic Coast.
  3. ^ Philippe, Marc; Garcia-Ramos, Jose C.; Bocat, Loic; Gomez, Bernard; Pinuela, Laura; Piñuela, Laura (2010). "New Occurrences Of The Wood Protocupressinoxylon purbeckensis Francis: Implications For Terrestrial Biomes In Southwestern Europe at the Jurassic Cretaceous Boundary". Palaeontology 53: 201. doi:10.1111/j.1475-4983.2009.00926.x. 
  4. ^ Gittins, David (8 December 1977). "Preserving Britain's Geological Sites". New Scientist 76: 624. 
  5. ^ Lockwood, Michael; Worboys, Graeme; Kothari, Ashish (2012). Managing Protected Areas: A Global Guide. ISBN 1136561757. 

Bibliography[edit]

  • The Jurassic Coast Trust (2003). A Walk Through Time, the Official Guide to the Jurassic Coast. Coastal Publishing. ISBN 978-0-9544845-0-7. 

Coordinates: 50°36′59″N 2°14′27″W / 50.6163°N 2.2408°W / 50.6163; -2.2408