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|Origin||Kolkata, West Bengal, India|
|Past members||Indrajit Dey (Indra), Biswajit Das (Bubun), Partha Bose, Parikshit, Sayantan, Teno, Bumpy, Rajiv, Suman, Subhadeep, Debu, Baji, Shom, Stephen|
The band is currently composed of Rupam Islam (lead vocals, composer and lyricist), Deep Ghosh (guitar, backing vocals), Allan Ao (guitar, backing vocals), Chandramouli Biswas (bass, backing vocals), and Tanmoy (drums, percussion).
Their music is flavoured by a blend of blues, rock and psychedelia, along with Rupam Islam's vocal renditions of his characteristic psychoanalytical lyrics. They are noted for their social commentary and advocation of causes such as the welfare of HIV positive people.
Like most other Bangla bands, Fossils performs in the Bengali language.
Formation and early years: 1998 – 2000 
The band was formed by Rupam Islam. Their first stage show was held on the 9th of January 1999 at Najrul Mancha for Gaan 99 organised by HMV. While performing on stage as Rupam Islam and group, on that very day Rupam announced that henceforth he will perform as FOSSILS. This show had Deep Ghosh on acoustic guitar, Sayantan Bumba on guitars, Tanmoy on bass, Rajiv on drums and Rupam. This line up was short lived and the very next show saw Chandra and Teno on guitars, Baji on drums, Bumpy on bass, Jatu on keyboards and Rupam.
The group started to call themselves "Fossils" after a suggestion by their guitarist Deep. The name is inspired by a line from one of Rupam's lyrics: "Khoro aamar fossil, onubhutir michhil protikriashil kono biplobe".
Initial audience reaction to the band's music was not encouraging. During their first few shows, they met with jeering and hostile objection to the rock style and techniques they employed.
Thus, the band name was meant to convey a sense of an "underground" movement that the members felt they had initiated and their belief that they would be fossilized into history under the pressure of social disapproval of their music, only to be excavated decades later by musicologists wishing to discover the roots of Bangla rock.
The band would experience a flurry of lineup changes until the end of 1999, by which time a sort of permanency was achieved with Rupam Islam (vocals), Chandramouli Biswas (bass), Allan Temjen Ao (guitar), Stephen (drums), Indrajit Dey (keyboards), and Parikhshit (manager) as the members.
In spite of the hostile feedbacks, the band decided to stick to their sound, and for the first time in the history of Indian bangla rock, a full-fledged, continuous, effort was made to establish the Bangla Rock sound.
Fossils: 2000 – 2003 
In 2000, the band recorded a demo version of their tracks. They faced rejection several times from different record houses.
In 2001, the guitarist Allan left the band for a corporate career. Former members Teno and Deep re-joined in Allan's stead.
A contract was landed with Asha Audio and by the end of the same year, recording for the band's first studio album began. The recording had to start without Allan, whose departure was so sudden there wasn't enough time to rework their tracks. Some of the guitar tracks for this album had to be lifted from the demo version. The album was entitled Fossils and released in 2002. It was not an instant success, but the music caught on once the FM radio stations started broadcasting the tracks. The album's popularity has increased with time, and today it is called a CULT album.
Teno left the band in 2002 and was replaced by Partha Bose.
In 2003, the drummer Stephen underwent rehabilitation. Andre served as part-time drummer till Biswajit Das (Bubun) joined.
By this time, the band had created a niche audience and dedicated following among the youth.
Fossils 2: 2004 – 2005 
The band's second album, entitled Fossils 2, was released in 2004. It was then noted as the Bangla band album with the highest budget to date. The album was partly sponsored by the Thums Up brand. The mastering engineer was Steve Fallone of Sterling Sound, New York.
The band witnessed a surge in popularity.
In 2005, the manager Parikshit was expelled from the band; Rupam and Deep jointly took over his work. As of 2007, management is handled by Rupam's wife Rupsha Dasgupta and Deep.
Mission F: 2006 
The band's third studio album, entitled Mission F, was released in 2006. It was a theme album for the first Kolkata Police Friendship Cup Football Tournament.
A special track, "Aeka Nauo", dedicated to HIV positive people, was included in the album. It featured Usha Uthup and was produced in collaboration with the Kolkata Sukriti Foundation. A free VCD distributed with the album contains the music video for the track, which shows HIV positive people with their faces uncovered interacting freely with Uthup and the band members. The VCD also contained a chat session with band members.
Radio Mirchi collaborated with the band to produce two "unplugged" versions of previously recorded tracks that were included in the album.
Aupodartho: 2007 
In the first half of 2007, Rupam Islam worked on a separate project named RnB with the bassist Bumpy.
In the second half of 2007, the band released a music video album entitled Aupodartho.
The album was scheduled to be launched in Music World, Park Street, Kolkata. The crowd turnout was so unexpectedly huge that fans had to be turned out and the outlet's premises closed. The police had a tough time controlling the crowd. The release eventually happened on the same day, with Rupam Islam placing himself atop a stool outside the outlet and addressing the fans without a microphone.
During the Pujas of 2007, Rupam Islam's 1998 solo album was re-launched by Sa Re Ga Ma HMV.
Fossils 3: 2008 – present 
Fossils featured in the Rolling Stones India magazine in 2008.
The end of 2008 saw Fossils begin the recording of their fifth studio album, which was released on 19 September 2009. It was titled Fossils 3 and developed as a concept album. It endeavours to tell the story of a mysterious character known only as Shada Jama (White Shirt) through the interlinked audio tracks as well as a separate graphic account contained in the inlay cards. Mayookh Bhowmick on the distortion tabla, Indrajit Dey (Indra) on the keyboards, and a team from the Kolkata Music Academy Chamber Orchestra led by Abraham Mazumder were the guest contributors to the album. Fossils 3 would go on to win in the Best Non-Film Album category of the Anandalok Awards 2009.
2009 marked the band's tenth anniversary.
The band's official fan club, Fossils Force, was launched the same year, which started their operations through a blood donation camp on 1 May 2009. They continue to engage in activities for social welfare, such as contributing to the relief of people affected by the Cyclone Aila and another blood donation camp in 2010.
2010 started with a change in the lineup. Bubun was replaced by Tanmoy on the drums.
Later in the year, Rupam Islam won a National Film Award (Silver Lotus or Rajat Kamal) in the Best Male Playback Singer category from the Government of India for his work in the film Mahanagar @ Kolkata.
June 2011, Allan rejoined the band in place of Partha.
September 2011, Fossils visited Dhaka, Bangladesh for the third time.
July 2012, Fossils performed at Las Vegas, USA; which was a huge hit.
- "Bangla boom". The Telegraph (Calcutta, India). 2007-11-27.
- Fossils features in Rolling Stones India magazine
- "Beatbuzz". The Telegraph (Calcutta, India). 2009-08-18.
- "Mere Paas Award Hai!". The Telegraph (Calcutta, India). 2009-12-05.
- "Throwing Ekla Ghar open to all!". The Times Of India.
- Das, Madhuparna (2009-05-08). "Idols and ideals". The Telegraph (Calcutta, India).
- "Power of words". The Telegraph (Calcutta, India). 2009-02-05.
- "Beatbuzz". The Telegraph (Calcutta, India). 2009-08-18.
- "Beat Buzz". The Telegraph (Calcutta, India). 2009-08-28.
- "I hope to get a special reaction: Rupam Islam". The Times Of India. 2011-01-29.
- "Rocking Nashville". The Telegraph (Calcutta, India). 2010-08-17.
- "57th National Film Awards for 2009". Directorate of Film Festivals. Retrieved October 20, 2010.
- The Times Of India http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/speednewsshow/8941537.cms
|url=missing title (help).
- Rupam Islam's Official Site
- Interview with Rupam Islam on his playback singing in "Jannat"
- Rupam Islam: A profile
- Interview with Rupam Islam on Fossils
- The Telegraph reports on Fossils 3 pre-release buzz
- The Times of India reports on Bengali rock bands
- Rupam Islam and composer Debojyoti Mishra talk about the history of comic songs in Bengal
- The Telegraph reports on the impact of a new generation of singers on Bengali film music
See also