Fossombrone

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Fossombrone
Comune
Comune di Fossombrone
Fossombrone.jpg
Coat of arms of Fossombrone
Coat of arms
Fossombrone is located in Italy
Fossombrone
Fossombrone
Location of Fossombrone in Italy
Coordinates: 43°42′N 12°49′E / 43.700°N 12.817°E / 43.700; 12.817Coordinates: 43°42′N 12°49′E / 43.700°N 12.817°E / 43.700; 12.817
Country Italy
Region Marche
Province Pesaro e Urbino (PU)
Frazioni Calmazzo, Ghilardino, Isola di Fano, Mont'Alto, San Lazzaro, Torricella, Bellaguardia, San Gervasio, San Martino dei muri, San Piero in Tambis, Santa Maria della valle
Government
 • Mayor Maurizio Pelagaggia
Area
 • Total 106 km2 (41 sq mi)
Elevation 118 m (387 ft)
Population (28 February 2009)
 • Total 9,835
 • Density 93/km2 (240/sq mi)
Demonym Fossombronesi or Forsempronesi
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 61034
Dialing code 0721
Patron saint Saint Aldebrandus of Fossombrone
Saint day 1 May
Website Official website

Fossombrone is a town and comune in the province of Pesaro e Urbino (Marche, Italy).

History[edit]

The ancient Roman colony of Forum Sempronii took its name from Gaius Sempronius Gracchus.

Near the Furlo Pass, during the Gothic War, was fought (552) the battle of Taginae, in which Totila was overcome by the Byzantine general, Narses.

Fossombrone was included in the Donation of Pippin, but remained subject to the Duchy of Spoleto until 1198, when it passed under Papal rule. The Malatesta sold it to the famous Federico III da Montefeltro, under whom the city flourished. Also positive for the city was the reign of the della Rovere dukes, who enlarged it (especially Francesco Maria II expanded the settlement in the lower area up to the Metauro river). In 1631 it returned to the Papal States, being annexed to Italy in 1860.

Main sights[edit]

The city and its environs abound in antiquities, especially inscriptions. Noteworthy remains are the statue of the god Vertumnus; the Furlo Pass, constructed by the Emperor Vespasian to shorten the passage of that mountain; and the bridge of Trajan (115) near Calmazzo, and that of Diocletian (292), both over the Metaurus.

Other points of interests include:

  • Church of Sant'Agostino (14th century, enlarged in the 18th century). It has a hut-like facade with the coat of arms of the House of Malatesta. The interior houses a canvas by Federico Zuccari.
  • Ducal Palace, attributed to Francesco di Giorgio Martini and Girolamo Genga, and built for Cardinal Giuliano della Rovere, brother of the Duke Guidobaldo II. Notable are the Renaissance court and the Cardinal's chapel.
  • The 16th century Corte Bassa, a residence of the Dukes of Urbino. The Corte Bassa is instead from the 13th century, and was later renewed under Federico da Montefeltro with a notable Renaissance façade and pavement. The duke Guidobaldo I soujourned here frequently, and also died here.
  • Palazzo Comunale (Town Hall, 16th century).
  • Palazzo Vescovile ("Bishop's Palace", built from 1479). It has a Renaissance façade with a portico and a Crucifixion fresco attributed to Bartolomeo di Gentile (1493).
  • The Cathedral was almost entirely rebuilt in Neo-Classicist style by Cosimo Morelli in 1776–84, but has maintained some Renaissance works in the interior.
  • Ruins of the Rocca Malatestiana (13th to 15th centuries).

Sports[edit]

Twin towns[edit]

References[edit]