Foster's Lager

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This article is about the lager. For the company, see Foster's Group.
Foster’s Lager
FostersGlobalLogo.svg
Manufacturer Worldwide: SAB Miller
Europe: Heineken International
Brazil: Brasil Kirin
Introduced 1889[1]
Alcohol by volume 5.0%[2] (4% Europe)
Style Pale Lager
Foster's Beer

Foster's Lager is an internationally distributed Australian brand of lager. It is owned by the British brewing group SABMiller, and is brewed under licence in a number of countries, including the UK, where the European rights to the brand are owned by Heineken International.

Foster's annual sales amount to around 5 million hectolitres worldwide, largely buoyed by UK sales, where it is the second highest selling beer after Carling.[3] While known internationally as the quintessential Australian beer brand, Foster's does not enjoy widespread popularity in Australia compared to other CUB beers such as Victoria Bitter or Carlton Draught.[4]

History[edit]

Foster's was created by two Irish American brothers, William M and Ralph R Foster, who arrived in Melbourne from New York in 1886.[5] The brothers began brewing Foster's Lager in November 1888.[1] It was made available to the public from February 1889.[1] The product was first exported in 1901, when bottles were sent to Australian combatants in the Boer War.[6]

In 1907 the company merged to form Carlton United Breweries.[5] Only available in bottles, Foster's Lager was considered to be CUB's premium brand.[5]

In 1958 steel cans were introduced.[7]

Foster's Lager was first imported into the UK in 1971.[4] It was launched in the US in 1972.[4]

From 1981, the brand was brewed under licence in the UK by the Courage brewing group.[5] Courage was acquired in 1986 by Australian businessman John Elliott. Perceiving the increasing popularity of imported Foster's Lager, it was decided to commence local brewing of the product by Courage. The size of the locally produced Fosters cans was increased to the "standard" UK cans of 440 ml.

Production[edit]

Foster's Lager was originally brewed with sugar (it is unknown if this is still the case).[8]

The Foster's yeast in use today was brought to Carlton in 1923 from Professor Jorgensen in Denmark.[9]

The lager is late hopped with Pride of Ringwood hops.[10]

The product is 4% ABV in Europe, 4.9% ABV in Australia, and 5% in the US.

The European rights to the beer are owned by Heineken International, who brew and distribute a 4% ABV Foster's in most European countries.[11] In the United States[12] and India,[13] rights to the brand are owned by SABMiller.[14] Respectively in Canada and Brazil, Foster's is brewed by Molson Canada and Brasil Kirin under licence from Foster's Brewing International.[citation needed]

In the UK, Foster's is produced by Heineken at the Royal Brewery in Manchester.[15]

Foster's is not Vegetarian or vegan.[16]

Australian market[edit]

While popular in many countries, particularly where it is brewed locally, Foster's Lager does not enjoy widespread success in Australia. As a bottled beer produced by the Foster's Group (formerly the Carlton United Beverages group (CUB)), it has rarely been promoted in Australia since the early 2000s. Once a "premium" brand, Foster's Lager has been bypassed in favour of the Foster's Group's favoured premium brands of Carlton Crown Lager and Stella Artois.[17][18]

In Australia until the end of the 1970s, Foster's Lager was a reasonably popular bottled and canned beer with a somewhat premium image. Then in the early 1980s there were major changes in the Australian brewing industry, including the merger of Castlemaine (Brisbane), Swan (Perth) and Toohey's (Sydney) into a national brewing group, as a result of acquisitions by Perth entrepreneur Alan Bond.

Faced with inroads into its non-Victorian markets, Carlton and United Beverages (CUB) reviewed its product range and attempted to re-position some of its brands. So Foster's Draught was introduced, served on tap alongside established draught brands such as Castlemaine XXXX and Toohey's Draught. Despite some initial success, bolstered by heavy advertising, the brand did not prove popular and was eventually withdrawn from sale. Arguably, at the end of this failed exercise Foster's Lager was no longer viewed by consumers as a "premium" brand, and has not been promoted in Australia recently.

The Foster's Group has tended to promote the brands of Carlton Draught (mainstream market) and Victoria Bitter (working class male market).[19]

Power's Brewery, south of Brisbane, was taken over by CUB[20] and is now used to brew Victoria Bitter and other Foster's Group brands in Queensland, (including Foster's Lager).

Global market[edit]

In April 2006, Scottish & Newcastle plc announced that it had agreed to acquire the Foster’s brand in Europe (including Turkey), the Russian Federation and other countries in the Commonwealth of Independent States from Foster’s Group Limited for approximately £309 million. In August 2006, SABMiller announced that it had bought the rights to the Foster's brand in India for a reported $120m from private investors.[21][22]

Variants[edit]

Scottish & Newcastle launched Foster's Twist, a beer with a hint of citrus that is marketed as a refreshing alternative to other heavier beers and Premium Packaged Spirits such as Smirnoff Ice. Foster's Twist is 4.5% abv. It has since been withdrawn from the market.[23]

There is also Foster's Super Chilled, which is served at a colder temperature and is available in pubs and bars.

In 2008, Foster's was introduced with a widget called a "scuba" placed into the can to ensure good mixing.[24] This variant is only currently available in the UK.

In the UK, customers are also able to purchase a keg of Foster's for private parties, collecting and returning the keg at a participating store or public house.

Also, there is Fosters Gold which has a slightly higher alcohol percentage of 4.8%.

Marketing[edit]

From 1964, the brand was promoted in the UK by comedian Barry Humphries and his Private Eye character Barry McKenzie, a bumbling Foster's swilling Australian expatriate.[5]

Foster's Lager uses the slogan "The Amber Nectar" in Australia and the UK, and "Australian for Beer", elsewhere overseas. The overseas advertising of the product often focuses upon the Australian connotations of the beer, e.g. with reference to stereotypical Australian imagery such as kangaroos, exaggerated accents, and cork hats. This was true of a campaign in the 1980s fronted by the Australian comedian Paul Hogan.[25]

The 2009 campaign for Foster's contains two 40-second adverts, "Backpacker" and "Deep Sea"; both end with the slogan, "Foster's – get some Australian in you."[26]

The Foster's Lager brand was used as an advertising sponsorship deal with Norwich City F.C. from 1986 to 1989 (a period which included two top five finishes and a run to the FA Cup semi-finals). At its commencement, the sponsorship by Foster's was the most lucrative sponsorship ever given to an English football club.

The brand sponsored F1 events regularly from 1986 to 2006. During this period it was the title sponsor for the Australian GP (1986–1993 and 2002–2006), the British GP (1990–1993 and 2000–2006) and the San Marino GP (2003–2006). It also was the prime sponsor and trackside sponsor of many other Grand Prix during this time. The brand was also used in a sponsorship deal with the A1 Team Australia from 2005 to 2007. The brand is currently used in a major sponsorship deal with the ASP World Tour.

The Fosters UK division of the brand has focused on cultivating comedy-centric advertising and sponsorship arrangements and on 9 November 2011 they launched a trailer for their sponsored, online-only version of the hit 90s' television show The Fast Show.[27] The six weekly episodes started on 10 November and feature the original cast (with the exception of Mark Williams) and many of the characters from the previous series.[28]

Recent Foster's adverts have featured "Good call", in which numerous Britons phone up Australians Brad and Dan for general advice.[29]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Deutsher, Keith (1999). The Breweries of Australia: A History. Lothian. p. 144. ISBN 978-0-85091-986-8. 
  2. ^ http://www.fostersbeer.com/#/the-beer
  3. ^ Alcoholic Drinks: Euromonitor from trade sources/national statistics 2012
  4. ^ a b c Garrett Oliver (2011). The Oxford Companion to Beer. Oxford University Press. p. 370. ISBN 978-0-19-536713-3. 
  5. ^ a b c d e Garrett Oliver (2011). The Oxford Companion to Beer. Oxford University Press. p. 371. ISBN 978-0-19-536713-3. 
  6. ^ Derdak, Thomas (1988). International directory of company histories. St. James Press. p. 228. ISBN 978-0-912289-10-6. 
  7. ^ http://www.auspostalhistory.com/articles/1570.shtml
  8. ^ http://www.auspostalhistory.com/articles/1570.shtml
  9. ^ http://www.australianbeers.com/beers/fosters/fosters.htm
  10. ^ Beer - Carlton & United Breweries (CUB)
  11. ^ "Fosters (UK) from Berkshire (Heineken) – Ratebeer". ratebeer.com. Retrieved 29 August 2009. 
  12. ^ Foster's in the US, www.fostersbeer.com
  13. ^ Foster's in India, www.sabmiller.in
  14. ^ "SABMiller acquires Foster's India"[dead link]. Press release. SABMiller plc. 4 August 2006.
  15. ^ SAB turns hostile with A$9.5bn bid for Foster's investors - Business News - Business - The Independent
  16. ^ "FAQ's". Fosters. Retrieved 27 June 2014. 
  17. ^ Stella Artois is brewed in Australia under licence from Belgian beer conglomerate InBev.
  18. ^ "Cheers! Why every brewer loves a premium beer or two", www.smh.com.au, 18 August 2004.
  19. ^ The New York Times - Breaking News, World News & Multimedia[dead link]
  20. ^ Some Sports Betting Tips
  21. ^ S&N turns on Foster's tap in Europe, Times Online
  22. ^ Scottish & Newcastle completes the acquisition of the Foster’s brand[dead link], Scottish & Newcastle
  23. ^ Alcoholic Drinks: Euromonitor from trade sources/national statistics, 2011
  24. ^ S&N launches ‘widget’ versions of Foster’s and Kronenbourg
  25. ^ Simon Bowers "Foster's may be 'the Australian for lager' but it is brewed in Britain", The Guardian, 21 June 2011
  26. ^ "Foster’s returns to its advertising roots". www.talkingretail.com. Retrieved 29 August 2009. 
  27. ^ Foster's - YouTube
  28. ^ Foster's - The Fast Show
  29. ^ Foster's » Good Call Ads

External links[edit]