Foster's Mound

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Foster's Mound
22 AD 503
Foster's Mound22 AD 503 is located in Mississippi
Foster's Mound22 AD 503
Foster's Mound
22 AD 503
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Location in Mississippi today
Location
Coordinates 31°35′54.31″N 91°19′49.98″W / 31.5984194°N 91.3305500°W / 31.5984194; -91.3305500
Country  USA
Region Adams County, Mississippi
Nearest town Natchez, Mississippi
History
Culture Plaquemine culture
Period Foster Phase
Excavation and maintenance
Responsible body private
Dates excavated 1971-72
Notable archaeologists Jeffrey P. Brain
Architecture
Number of monuments
Foster's Mound
Nearest city Natchez, Mississippi
Area 25 acres (10 ha)
Built 1840
Architectural style Greek Revival
Governing body Private
NRHP Reference # 82003091[1]
Added to NRHP September 2, 1982

Foster's Mound (22 AD 503) is a Plaquemine culture archaeological site located in Adams County, Mississippi northeast of Natchez off US 61. It is the type site for the Foster Phase (1350-1500 CE) of the Natchez Bluffs Plaquemine culture chronology. It was added to the NRHP on September 2, 1982 as NRIS number 82003091.[2]

Description[edit]

The Foster's site has two platform mounds and is located on the northern bank of St. Catherine Creek near its confluence with the Mississippi River. The largest mound, Mound A, is 3 metres (9.8 ft) in height and 30 metres (98 ft) by 30 metres (98 ft) at its base and has had a plantation house on its summit since the 1790s. Its dimensions were originally smaller but it was enlarged to accommodate the veranda of the plantation house. Mound B is 220 metres (720 ft) to the south across a large plaza area. It is an amorphous blob about 1.5 metres (4.9 ft) at its highest point. It has been seriously eroded by the creek and is barely recognizable as a rectangular platform mound. The site sat at a major crossroads in Precolumbian times, because of its location on the original route of the Natchez Trace, directly connected to Emerald Mound to the northeast and the Grand Village of the Natchez to the southwest, and its proximity to the Mississippi River. The site was excavated in 1971-72 by Jeffrey P. Brain as part of the Lower Mississippi Survey for the Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology of Harvard University. Pottery recovered from beneath the mounds was found to be proto-Natchezan and was instrumental in defining the protohistoric Foster Phase (1350 to 1500 CE) of the Plaquemine culture chronology.[3]

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