Found footage (genre)

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Found footage is a genre of film making, especially horror, in which all or a substantial part of a film is presented as discovered film or video recordings, often left behind by missing or dead protagonists.[1][2][3] The events on screen are seen through the camera of one or more of the characters involved, who often speaks off screen. Filming may be done by the actors themselves as they recite their lines, and shaky camera work and naturalistic acting are often employed. While the genre dates back at least as far as 1971s Punishment Park, it was popularised after the release of such films as The Blair Witch Project (1999), Paranormal Activity (2007), REC (2007), Quarantine (2008), Cloverfield (2008) and Chronicle (2012).[4]

Examples of found-footage films[edit]

The following films all fall into the found footage category. Also listed are the films' directors, production company and release date.

Film Genre Director(s) Production company Release date
Punishment Park Drama, Thriller Peter Watkins Chartwell 1971 May
Cannibal Holocaust Adventure, Horror Ruggero Deodato F.D. Cinematografica 1980, February 7
Manson Family Movies John Aes-Nihil Aes-Nihil Productions 1984
UFO Abduction (The McPherson Tape) Horror, Sci-Fi Dean Alioto IndieSyndicate Productions 1989
84C MoPic Drama, War Patrick Sheane Duncan New Century Vista Film Company 1989 April 7
Man Bites Dog Comedy, Crime, Drama, Horror, Thriller Rémy Belvaux
André Bonzel
Benoît Poelvoorde
Les Artistes Anonymes 1993 January 15
Forgotten Silver Comedy Peter Jackson WingNut Films 1995 October 28
Alien Abduction: Incident in Lake County Drama, Horror, Sci-Fi Dean Alioto Dick Clark Productions 1998, January 20
The Last Broadcast Horror, Mystery Stefan Avalos
Lance Weiler
FFM Productions 1998 October 23
The Blair Witch Project Horror, Mystery Daniel Myrick
Eduardo Sánchez
Haxan Films 1999 July 30
The St. Francisville Experiment Horror, Mystery, Thriller Ted Nicolaou The Kushner-Locke Company 2000 April 15
August Underground Horror Fred Vogel Absu Films
Toetag Pictures
The Collingswood Story Horror, Mystery, Thriller Mike Costanza Cinerebel Media 2002 October 20
August Underground's Mordum Fred Vogel
Cristie Whiles
Jerami Cruise
Michael T. Schneider
Toetag Pictures 2003
Zero Day Ben Coccio Professor Bright Films 2003 September 3
Incident at Loch Ness Zak Penn Eden Rock Media 2004 September 17,
September Tapes Christian Johnston Complex Films
Raz Productions
Raz Entertainment
Persistent Entertainment
2004 September 24,
The Lost Tape: Andy's Terrifying Last Days Revealed Zack Snyder New Wave Entertainment 2004 October
The Last Horror Movie Julian Richards Prolific Films
Snakehair Productions
2005 May 13,
The Curse Kôji Shiraishi Xanadeux Company 2005 August 20,
Behind the Mask: The Rise of Leslie Vernon Scott Glosserman Glen Echo Entertainment
Code Entertainment
2006 October 13,
The Zombie Diaries Kevin Gates
Michael Bartlett
Off World Films
Bleeding Edge Films
2006 October 29,
The Hunt Fritz Kiersch Graymark Productions
Azisa Pictures
2006 December 11,
Alone with Her Eric Nicholas Pin Hole Productions LLC
The Weinstein Company
2007 January 17,
Welcome to the Jungle Jonathan Hensleigh Steelbridge Film Works
Bauer Martinez Studios
Valhalla Motion Pictures
2007 April 19,
The Poughkeepsie Tapes John Erick Dowdle Brothers Dowdle Productions
Poughkeepsie Films
2007 April 27,
August Underground's Penance Fred Vogel Toetag Pictures 2007 April 30
Long Pigs Chris Power Clowns After Midnight Productions
Jordan Entertainment
Chris Bridges Effects Studio
2007 September 6,
Head Case Anthony Spadaccini Fleet Street Films
B.P.A. Productions Group, Inc.
2007 September 8,
Exhibit A Dom Rotheroe Warp Films 2007 October 1,
Paranormal Activity Supernatural horror Oren Peli Blumhouse Productions 2007 October 14,
Death of a Ghost Hunter Sean Tretta Ominous Productions 2007 October 28,
Live! Bill Guttentag Atlas Entertainment 2007 November 1,
REC Horror Jaume Balagueró
Paco Plaza
Castelao Producciones
2007 23 November
Look Adam Rifkin Captured Films 2007 December 14,
Monster Erik Estenberg The Asylum 2008 January 15,
Cloverfield Sci-Fi, Monster film Matt Reeves Bad Robot Productions 2008 January 18,
Diary of the Dead George A. Romero Artfire Films
Romero-Grunwald Productions
2008 February 15,
Home Movie Christopher Denham Modernciné 2008 July 10, 2008
Quarantine Sci-Fi, Horror John Erick Dowdle Vertigo Entertainment
Andale Pictures
Filmax Entertainment
2008 October 10,
Lunopolis Matthew Avant Media Savant 2009
Occult Kôji Shiraishi Image Rings
Creative Axa Company Ltd.
2009 February 28,
Evil Things Dominic Perez Go Show Media 2009 August 13,
The Ritual Anthony Spadaccini Fleet Street Films
B.P.A. Productions Group, Inc.
2009 August 15
REC 2 Horror Jaume Balagueró
Paco Plaza
Castelao Producciones
2009 October 2
Murder Collection V.1 Fred Vogel Toetag Pictures 2009 May 1
Paranormal Entity Supernatural horror Shane Van Dyke The Asylum 2009 December 22
Love Sex aur Dhokha Dibakar Banerjee Freshwater Films 2010 March 19,
Lake Mungo Joel Anderson Screen Australia March 23, 2010
Eyes in the Dark Bjorn Anderson Emerald City Pictures April 25, 2010
Hotel Hollywood Param Gill G S Productions July 23, 2010
Shirome Kôji Shiraishi Stardust Promotion
Shirome Project Partners
August 13, 2010
The Last Exorcism Daniel Stamm Strike Entertainment
Arcade Pictures
August 27, 2010
Undocumented Chris Peckover Sheperd Glen Productions September 2010
Post-Mortem Anthony Spadaccini Fleet Street Films
B.P.A. Productions Group, Inc.
September 25, 2010
8213: Gacy House Anthony Fankhauser The Asylum September 28, 2010
Atrocious Fernando Barreda Luna Nabu Films
Silencio Rodamos
Programa Ibermedia
October 15, 2010
Paranormal Activity 2 Supernatural horror Tod Williams Blumhouse October 22, 2010
Trollhunter André Øvredal Filmkameratene A/S
Film Fund FUZZ
October 29, 2010
Unaware Sean Bardin
Robert Cooley
Cooley Productions November 13, 2010
Paranormal Activity 2: Tokyo Night Supernatural horror Toshikazu Nagae Presidio Corporation November 20, 2010
Anneliese: The Exorcist Tapes Jude Gerard Prest The Asylum March 1, 2011
Ragini MMS Pawan Kripalani Balaji Telefilms May 13, 2011
The Tunnel Carlo Ledesma DLSHS Film
Distracted Media
Zapruder's Other Films
May 18, 2011
Megan Is Missing Michael Goi Trio Pictures May 2011
Grave Encounters Horror The Vicious Brothers Twin Engine Films June 1, 2011
World of the Dead: The Zombie Diaries Kevin Gates
Michael Bartlett
Off World Films
Bleeding Edge Films
Straightwire Films
June 24, 2011
Hollow Michael Axelgaard Hollow Pictures
Tribeca Film
July 31, 2011
Untitled Shaun Troke Shaunywa Films September 2011
Apollo 18 Sci-Fi, Horror Gonzalo López-Gallego Bazelevs September 2, 2011
The Tapes Scott Bates
Lee Alliston
Darkside Pictures
Pure Film Productions
September 23, 2011
Paranormal Activity 3 Supernatural horror Henry Joost
Ariel Schulman
Blumhouse October 21, 2011
The Amityville Haunting Geoff Meed The Asylum
Taut Productions
December 2011
Chō Akunin Kōji Shiraishi Tokyo Raiders 2011
The Devil Inside Supernatural horror William Brent Bell Insurge Pictures January 6, 2012
V/H/S Horror Ti West
Joe Swanberg
David Buckner
Adam Wingard
Glenn McQuaid
Radio Silence Productions
The Collective
Bloody Disgusting
January 22, 2012
Chronicle Sci-Fi, Drama Josh Trank Davis Entertainment February 1, 2012
Project X Comedy Nima Nourizadeh Silver Pictures
Green Hat Films
March 2, 2012
Evidence Howie Askins RynoRyder Productions March 12, 2012
REC 3: Genesis Horror Paco Plaza Filmax March 30, 2012
Apartment 143 Carles Torrens Werc Werk Works
Kasdan Pictures
Likely Story
May 4, 2012
The Dinosaur Project Adventure Sid Bennett Moonlighting Films August 10, 2012
A Night in the Woods Richard Parry Richard Parry September 7, 2012
The Conspiracy Christopher MacBride Resolute Films and Entertainment September 20, 2012
Grave Encounters 2 Horror John Poliquin Arclight Films October 2, 2012
Paranormal Activity 4 Supernatural horror Henry Joost
Ariel Schulman
Room 101 October 19, 2012
The Bay Barry Levinson Lionsgate November 2, 2012
A Haunted House Comedy Michael Tiddes Open Road Films January 11, 2013
The Upper Footage Justin Cole January 31, 2013
Devil's Pass Horror Renny Harlin Anchor Bay Entertainment UK February 28, 2013
The Frankenstein Theory Andrew Weiner Rocket
Inner Station
Therapy Content
Arctic Film Group
March 1, 2013
V/H/S/2 Horror Simon Barrett
Jason Eisener
Gareth Evans
Gregg Hale
Eduardo Sánchez
Timo Tjahjanto
Adam Wingard
The Collective
Bloody Disgusting
8383 Productions
Snoot Entertainment
Haxan Films
Yer Dead Productions
June 6, 2013
Europa Report Sebastián Cordero Wayfare Entertainment Ventures August 2, 2013
Head Cases: Serial Killers in the Delaware Valley Anthony Spadaccini Fleet Street Films
B.P.A. Productions Group, Inc.
September 28, 2013
6-5=2 KS Ashoka Swarnalatha Production[5] November 29, 2013
Paranormal Activity: The Marked Ones Supernatural horror Christopher Landon Paramount Pictures January 3, 2014
Devil's Due Supernatural horror Matt Bettinelli-Olpin
Tyler Gillett
Davis Entertainment
Twentieth Century Fox Film Corporation
January 17, 2014
Afflicted Horror Derek Lee
Clif Prowse
Automatik Entertainment
Téléfilm Canada
April 4, 2014
A Haunted House 2 Comedy Michael Tiddes IM Global Octane
Wayans Bros. Entertainment
Baby Way Productions
April 18, 2014
Into the Storm Adventure, Thriller Steven Quale New Line Cinema
Village Roadshow Pictures
Broken Road Productions
August 8, 2014
Paranormal Activity 5 Supernatural horror Gregory Plotkin Paramount Pictures October 25, 2014
Project Almanac Dean Israelite Insurge Pictures
Platinum Dunes
MTV Films
January 30, 2015

Examples of found-footage TV series and made for TV specials[edit]

Examples of found-footage video games[edit]


  1. ^ Devin Faraci (2009). "Found footage is now officially a horror genre". Retrieved 2009-11-16. 
  2. ^ "Defining the Found Footage Genre". In It For The Kills: Horror Perspectives. Retrieved 2009-11-16. 
  3. ^ "MAN ON WIRE helmer jumping on the found footage horror bandwagon with THE VATICAN TAPES!". Retrieved 2009-11-16. 
  4. ^ "Editorial: An Apologist's Rant: In Defense of Found Footage". Dread Central. Retrieved 2012-04-27. 
  5. ^ 6-5=27.140 personen vinden dit leuk · 544 praten hierover. "6-5=2". Facebook. Retrieved 2013-12-28.