Found footage (genre)

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Found footage is a genre of film making, especially horror, in which all or a substantial part of a film is presented as discovered film or video recordings, often left behind by missing or dead protagonists.[1][2][3] The events on screen are seen through the camera of one or more of the characters involved, who often speaks off screen. Filming may be done by the actors themselves as they recite their lines, and shaky camera work and naturalistic acting are often employed. While the genre dates back at least as far as 1980's Cannibal Holocaust, it was popularised after the release of such films as The Blair Witch Project (1999), Paranormal Activity (2007), REC (2007), Quarantine (2008), Cloverfield (2008) and Chronicle (2012).[4]

Examples of found-footage films[edit]

The following films all fall into the found footage category. Also listed are the films' directors, production company and release date.

Film Genre Director(s) Production company Release date (YY-MM-DD)
Cannibal Holocaust Adventure, Horror Ruggero Deodato F.D. Cinematografica 1980-02-07
Manson Family Movies John Aes-Nihil Aes-Nihil Productions 1984-??-??
UFO Abduction (The McPherson Tape) Horror, Sci-Fi Dean Alioto IndieSyndicate Productions 1989-??-??
84C MoPic Drama, War Patrick Sheane Duncan New Century Vista Film Company 1989-04-07
Man Bites Dog Comedy, Crime, Drama, Horror, Thriller Rémy Belvaux
André Bonzel
Benoît Poelvoorde
Les Artistes Anonymes 1993-01-15
Forgotten Silver Comedy Peter Jackson WingNut Films 1995-10-28
Alien Abduction: Incident in Lake County Drama, Horror, Sci-Fi Dean Alioto Dick Clark Productions 1998-01-20
The Last Broadcast Horror, Mystery Stefan Avalos
Lance Weiler
FFM Productions 1998-10-23
The Blair Witch Project Horror, Mystery Daniel Myrick
Eduardo Sánchez
Haxan Films 1999-07-30
The St. Francisville Experiment Horror, Mystery, Thriller Ted Nicolaou The Kushner-Locke Company 2000-04-15
August Underground Horror Fred Vogel Absu Films
Toetag Pictures
2001-??-??
The Collingswood Story Horror, Mystery, Thriller Mike Costanza Cinerebel Media 2002-10-20
August Underground's Mordum Fred Vogel
Killjoy
Cristie Whiles
Jerami Cruise
Michael T. Schneider
Toetag Pictures 2003-??-??
Zero Day Ben Coccio Professor Bright Films 2003-09-03
Incident at Loch Ness Zak Penn Eden Rock Media 2004-09-17
September Tapes Christian Johnston Complex Films
Raz Productions
Raz Entertainment
Persistent Entertainment
2004-09-24
The Lost Tape: Andy's Terrifying Last Days Revealed Zack Snyder New Wave Entertainment 2004-10-??
The Last Horror Movie Julian Richards Prolific Films
Snakehair Productions
2005-05-13
The Curse Kôji Shiraishi Xanadeux Company 2005-08-20
Behind the Mask: The Rise of Leslie Vernon Scott Glosserman Glen Echo Entertainment
Code Entertainment
2006-10-13
The Zombie Diaries Kevin Gates
Michael Bartlett
Off World Films
Bleeding Edge Films
2006-10-29
The Hunt Fritz Kiersch Graymark Productions
Azisa Pictures
2006-12-11
Alone with Her Eric Nicholas Pin Hole Productions LLC
The Weinstein Company
2007-01-17
Welcome to the Jungle Jonathan Hensleigh Steelbridge Film Works
Bauer Martinez Studios
Valhalla Motion Pictures
2007-04-19
The Poughkeepsie Tapes John Erick Dowdle Brothers Dowdle Productions
Poughkeepsie Films
2007-04-27
August Underground's Penance Fred Vogel Toetag Pictures 2007-04-30
Long Pigs Chris Power Clowns After Midnight Productions
Jordan Entertainment
Chris Bridges Effects Studio
2007-09-6
Head Case Anthony Spadaccini Fleet Street Films
B.P.A. Productions Group, Inc.
2007-09-8
Exhibit A Dom Rotheroe Warp Films 2007-10-1
Paranormal Activity Supernatural horror Oren Peli Blumhouse Productions 2007-10-14
Death of a Ghost Hunter Sean Tretta Ominous Productions 2007-10-28
Live! Bill Guttentag Atlas Entertainment 2007-11-1
REC Horror Jaume Balagueró
Paco Plaza
Castelao Producciones
Filmax
2007-11-23
Look Adam Rifkin Captured Films 2007-12-14
Monster Erik Estenberg The Asylum 2008-01-15
Cloverfield Sci-Fi, Monster film Matt Reeves Bad Robot Productions 2008-01-18
Diary of the Dead George A. Romero Artfire Films
Romero-Grunwald Productions
2008-02-15
Home Movie Christopher Denham Modernciné 2008-07-10
Quarantine Sci-Fi, Horror John Erick Dowdle Vertigo Entertainment
Andale Pictures
Filmax Entertainment
2008-10-10
Lunopolis Matthew Avant Media Savant 2009-??-??
Occult Kôji Shiraishi Image Rings
Creative Axa Company Ltd.
2009-02-28
Evil Things Dominic Perez Go Show Media 2009-08-13
The Ritual Anthony Spadaccini Fleet Street Films
B.P.A. Productions Group, Inc.
2009-08-15
REC 2 Horror Jaume Balagueró
Paco Plaza
Castelao Producciones
Filmax
2009-10-02
Murder Collection V.1 Fred Vogel Toetag Pictures 2009-05-1
Paranormal Entity Supernatural horror Shane Van Dyke The Asylum 2009-12-22
Love Sex aur Dhokha Dibakar Banerjee Freshwater Films 2010-03-19
Lake Mungo Joel Anderson Screen Australia 2010-03-23
Eyes in the Dark Bjorn Anderson Emerald City Pictures 2010-04-25
Hotel Hollywood Param Gill G S Productions 2010-07-23
Shirome Kôji Shiraishi Stardust Promotion
Shirome Project Partners
2010-08-13
The Last Exorcism Daniel Stamm Strike Entertainment
StudioCanal
Arcade Pictures
2010-08-27
Undocumented Chris Peckover Sheperd Glen Productions 2010-09-??
Post-Mortem Anthony Spadaccini Fleet Street Films
B.P.A. Productions Group, Inc.
2010-09-25
8213: Gacy House Anthony Fankhauser The Asylum 2010-09-28
Atrocious Fernando Barreda Luna Nabu Films
Silencio Rodamos
Programa Ibermedia
2010-10-15
Paranormal Activity 2 Supernatural horror Tod Williams Blumhouse 2010-10-22
Trollhunter André Øvredal Filmkameratene A/S
Film Fund FUZZ
2010-10-29
Unaware Sean Bardin
Robert Cooley
Cooley Productions 2010-11-13
Paranormal Activity 2: Tokyo Night Supernatural horror Toshikazu Nagae Presidio Corporation 2010-11-20
Anneliese: The Exorcist Tapes Jude Gerard Prest The Asylum 2011-03-01
Ragini MMS Pawan Kripalani Balaji Telefilms 2011-03-13
The Tunnel Carlo Ledesma DLSHS Film
Distracted Media
Zapruder's Other Films
2011-05-18
Megan Is Missing Michael Goi Trio Pictures 2011-05-??
Grave Encounters Horror The Vicious Brothers Twin Engine Films 2011-06-01
World of the Dead: The Zombie Diaries Kevin Gates
Michael Bartlett
Off World Films
Bleeding Edge Films
Straightwire Films
2011-06-24
Hollow Michael Axelgaard Hollow Pictures
Tribeca Film
2011-07-31
Untitled Shaun Troke Shaunywa Films 2011-09 -??
Apollo 18 Sci-Fi, Horror Gonzalo López-Gallego Bazelevs 2011-09-02
The Tapes Scott Bates
Lee Alliston
Darkside Pictures
Pure Film Productions
2011-09-23
Paranormal Activity 3 Supernatural horror Henry Joost
Ariel Schulman
Blumhouse 2011-10-21
The Amityville Haunting Geoff Meed The Asylum
Taut Productions
2011-12-??
Chō Akunin Kōji Shiraishi Tokyo Raiders 2011-??-??
The Devil Inside Supernatural horror William Brent Bell Insurge Pictures 2012-01-06
V/H/S Horror Ti West
Joe Swanberg
David Buckner
Adam Wingard
Glenn McQuaid
Radio Silence Productions
The Collective
Bloody Disgusting
2012-01-22
Chronicle Sci-Fi, Drama Josh Trank Davis Entertainment 2012-02-01
Project X Comedy Nima Nourizadeh Silver Pictures
Green Hat Films
2012-03-02
Evidence Howie Askins RynoRyder Productions 2012-03-12
REC 3: Genesis Horror Paco Plaza Filmax 2012-03-30
Apartment 143 Carles Torrens Werc Werk Works
Kasdan Pictures
Likely Story
2012-05-04
The Dinosaur Project Adventure Sid Bennett Moonlighting Films 2012-08-10
A Night in the Woods Richard Parry Richard Parry 2012-09-07
The Conspiracy Christopher MacBride Resolute Films and Entertainment 2012-09-20
Grave Encounters 2 Horror John Poliquin Arclight Films 2012-10-02
Paranormal Activity 4 Supernatural horror Henry Joost
Ariel Schulman
Room 101 2012-10-19
The Bay Barry Levinson Lionsgate 2012-11-02
A Haunted House Comedy Michael Tiddes Open Road Films 2013-01-11
The Upper Footage Justin Cole 2013-01-31
Devil's Pass Horror Renny Harlin Anchor Bay Entertainment UK 2013-02-28
The Frankenstein Theory Andrew Weiner Rocket
Inner Station
Therapy Content
Arctic Film Group
2013-03-01
V/H/S/2 Horror Simon Barrett
Jason Eisener
Gareth Evans
Gregg Hale
Eduardo Sánchez
Timo Tjahjanto
Adam Wingard
The Collective
Bloody Disgusting
8383 Productions
Snoot Entertainment
Haxan Films
Yer Dead Productions
2013-06-06
Europa Report Sebastián Cordero Wayfare Entertainment Ventures 2013-08-02
Head Cases: Serial Killers in the Delaware Valley Anthony Spadaccini Fleet Street Films
B.P.A. Productions Group, Inc.
2013-09-28
6-5=2 KS Ashoka Swarnalatha Production[5] 2013-11-29
Paranormal Activity: The Marked Ones Supernatural horror Christopher Landon Paramount Pictures 2014-01-03
Devil's Due Supernatural horror Matt Bettinelli-Olpin
Tyler Gillett
Davis Entertainment
Twentieth Century Fox Film Corporation
2014-01-17
Afflicted Horror Derek Lee
Clif Prowse
Automatik Entertainment
Téléfilm Canada
2014-04-04
A Haunted House 2 Comedy Michael Tiddes IM Global Octane
Wayans Bros. Entertainment
Baby Way Productions
2014-04-08
Into the Storm Adventure, Thriller Steven Quale New Line Cinema
Village Roadshow Pictures
Broken Road Productions
2014-08-08
Paranormal Activity 5 Supernatural horror Gregory Plotkin Paramount Pictures 2014-10-25
Project Almanac Dean Israelite Insurge Pictures
Platinum Dunes
MTV Films
2015-01-30

Examples of found-footage TV series and made for TV specials[edit]

Examples of found-footage video games[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Devin Faraci (2009). "Found footage is now officially a horror genre". chud.com. Retrieved 2009-11-16. 
  2. ^ "Defining the Found Footage Genre". In It For The Kills: Horror Perspectives. Retrieved 2009-11-16. 
  3. ^ "MAN ON WIRE helmer jumping on the found footage horror bandwagon with THE VATICAN TAPES!". aintitcool.com. Retrieved 2009-11-16. 
  4. ^ "Editorial: An Apologist's Rant: In Defense of Found Footage". Dread Central. Retrieved 2012-04-27. 
  5. ^ 6-5=27.140 personen vinden dit leuk · 544 praten hierover. "6-5=2". Facebook. Retrieved 2013-12-28.