Found footage (genre)

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For the use of preexisting film footage in filmmaking, see Found footage.

Found footage is a genre of film making, especially horror, in which all or a substantial part of a fictional film is presented as if it were discovered film or video recordings, often left behind by missing or dead protagonists.[1][unreliable source?] The events on screen are seen through the camera of one or more of the characters involved, who often speaks off screen. Filming may be done by the actors themselves as they recite their lines, and shaky camera work and naturalistic acting are often employed. While the genre dates back at least as far as 1980's Cannibal Holocaust, it was popularised after the release of such films as The Blair Witch Project (1999), Paranormal Activity (2007), REC (2007), Quarantine (2008), Cloverfield (2008) and Chronicle (2012).[2]

Examples[edit]

Films[edit]

The following films are in the found footage category, though some were only partially made in that style. Also listed are the films' directors, production company and release date.

Film Genre Director(s) Production company Release date (YY-MM-DD)
Cannibal Holocaust Adventure, Horror Ruggero Deodato F.D. Cinematografica 1980-02-07
UFO Abduction Horror, Science fiction Dean Alioto IndieSyndicate Productions 1989-??-??
84C MoPic Drama, War Patrick Sheane Duncan New Century Vista Film Company 1989-04-07
Man Bites Dog Comedy, Crime, Drama, Horror, Thriller Rémy Belvaux
André Bonzel
Benoît Poelvoorde
Les Artistes Anonymes 1993-01-15
Forgotten Silver Comedy Peter Jackson WingNut Films 1995-10-28
Alien Abduction: Incident in Lake County Drama, Horror, Science fiction Dean Alioto Dick Clark Productions 1998-01-20
The Last Broadcast Horror, Mystery Stefan Avalos
Lance Weiler
FFM Productions 1998-10-23
The Blair Witch Project Horror, Mystery Daniel Myrick
Eduardo Sánchez
Haxan Films 1999-07-30
The St. Francisville Experiment Horror, Mystery, Thriller Ted Nicolaou The Kushner-Locke Company 2000-04-15
August Underground Horror Fred Vogel Absu Films
Toetag Pictures
2001-??-??
The Collingswood Story Horror, Mystery, Thriller Mike Costanza Cinerebel Media 2002-10-20
August Underground's Mordum Horror Fred Vogel
Killjoy
Cristie Whiles
Jerami Cruise
Michael T. Schneider
Toetag Pictures 2003-??-??
Zero Day Drama Ben Coccio Professor Bright Films 2003-09-03
Incident at Loch Ness Adventure Zak Penn Eden Rock Media 2004-09-17
September Tapes Documentary, Drama Christian Johnston Complex Films
Raz Productions
Raz Entertainment
Persistent Entertainment
2004-09-24
The Last Horror Movie Horror Julian Richards Prolific Films
Snakehair Productions
2005-05-13
The Curse Horror Kôji Shiraishi Xanadeux Company 2005-08-20
The Zombie Diaries Horror Kevin Gates
Michael Bartlett
Off World Films
Bleeding Edge Films
2006-10-29
The Hunt Science fiction, Horror, Thriller Fritz Kiersch Graymark Productions
Azisa Pictures
2006-12-11
Alone with Her Crime, Drama, Thriller Eric Nicholas Pin Hole Productions LLC
The Weinstein Company
2007-01-17
Welcome to the Jungle Horror Jonathan Hensleigh Steelbridge Film Works
Bauer Martinez Studios
Valhalla Motion Pictures
2007-04-19
The Poughkeepsie Tapes Horror John Erick Dowdle Brothers Dowdle Productions
Poughkeepsie Films
2007-04-27
August Underground's Penance Horror Fred Vogel Toetag Pictures 2007-04-30
Long Pigs Horror Chris Power Clowns After Midnight Productions
Jordan Entertainment
Chris Bridges Effects Studio
2007-09-6
Head Case Horror Anthony Spadaccini Fleet Street Films
B.P.A. Productions Group, Inc.
2007-09-8
Exhibit A Drama, Thriller Dom Rotheroe Warp Films 2007-10-1
Paranormal Activity Supernatural horror Oren Peli Blumhouse Productions 2007-10-14
Death of a Ghost Hunter Horror Sean Tretta Ominous Productions 2007-10-28
Live! Drama Bill Guttentag Atlas Entertainment 2007-11-1
REC Horror Jaume Balagueró
Paco Plaza
Castelao Producciones
Filmax
2007-11-23
Look Adam Rifkin Captured Films 2007-12-14
Monster Action, Thriller Erik Estenberg The Asylum 2008-01-15
Cloverfield Science fiction, Monster film Matt Reeves Bad Robot Productions 2008-01-18
Diary of the Dead Horror George A. Romero Artfire Films
Romero-Grunwald Productions
2008-02-15
Home Movie Horror Christopher Denham Modernciné 2008-07-10
Quarantine Science fiction, Horror John Erick Dowdle Vertigo Entertainment
Andale Pictures
Filmax Entertainment
2008-10-10
Lunopolis Science fiction Matthew Avant Media Savant 2009-??-??
Occult Horror Kôji Shiraishi Image Rings
Creative Axa Company Ltd.
2009-02-28
Evil Things Horror Dominic Perez Go Show Media 2009-08-13
The Ritual Drama Anthony Spadaccini Fleet Street Films
B.P.A. Productions Group, Inc.
2009-08-15
REC 2 Horror Jaume Balagueró
Paco Plaza
Castelao Producciones
Filmax
2009-10-02
Murder Collection V.1 Horror Fred Vogel Toetag Pictures 2009-05-1
Paranormal Entity Supernatural horror Shane Van Dyke The Asylum 2009-12-22
Love Sex aur Dhokha Comedy, Drama Dibakar Banerjee Freshwater Films 2010-03-19
Lake Mungo Horror Joel Anderson Screen Australia 2010-03-23
Eyes in the Dark Horror Bjorn Anderson Emerald City Pictures 2010-04-25
A Serbian Film[3] Horror Srdjan Spasojevic Contrafilm 2010-6-16
Hotel Hollywood Comedy, Horror Param Gill G S Productions 2010-07-23
Shirome Horror Kôji Shiraishi Stardust Promotion
Shirome Project Partners
2010-08-13
The Last Exorcism Horror Daniel Stamm Strike Entertainment
StudioCanal
Arcade Pictures
2010-08-27
Undocumented Horror Chris Peckover Sheperd Glen Productions 2010-09-??
The Virginity Hit Comedy Huck Botko & Andrew Gurland Gary Sanchez Productions 2010-09-10
8213: Gacy House Horror Anthony Fankhauser The Asylum 2010-09-28
Atrocious Horror Fernando Barreda Luna Nabu Films
Silencio Rodamos
Programa Ibermedia
2010-10-15
Paranormal Activity 2 Supernatural horror Tod Williams Blumhouse 2010-10-22
Trollhunter Fantasy, Monster film André Øvredal Filmkameratene A/S
Film Fund FUZZ
2010-10-29
Unaware Science fiction, Horror Sean Bardin
Robert Cooley
Cooley Productions 2010-11-13
Paranormal Activity 2: Tokyo Night Supernatural horror Toshikazu Nagae Presidio Corporation 2010-11-20
Anneliese: The Exorcist Tapes Horror Jude Gerard Prest The Asylum 2011-03-01
Ragini MMS Drama, Horror Pawan Kripalani Balaji Telefilms 2011-03-13
The Tunnel Horror Carlo Ledesma DLSHS Film
Distracted Media
Zapruder's Other Films
2011-05-18
Megan Is Missing Drama, Horror Michael Goi Trio Pictures 2011-05-??
Grave Encounters Horror The Vicious Brothers Twin Engine Films 2011-06-01
World of the Dead: The Zombie Diaries Horror Kevin Gates
Michael Bartlett
Off World Films
Bleeding Edge Films
Straightwire Films
2011-06-24
Hollow Horror Michael Axelgaard Hollow Pictures
Tribeca Film
2011-07-31
Untitled Drama, Horror Shaun Troke Shaunywa Films 2011-09 -??
Apollo 18 Science fiction, Horror Gonzalo López-Gallego Bazelevs 2011-09-02
The Tapes Horror Scott Bates
Lee Alliston
Darkside Pictures
Pure Film Productions
2011-09-23
Paranormal Activity 3 Supernatural horror Henry Joost
Ariel Schulman
Blumhouse 2011-10-21
The Amityville Haunting Horror Geoff Meed The Asylum
Taut Productions
2011-12-??
Chō Akunin Drama Kōji Shiraishi Tokyo Raiders 2011-??-??
The Devil Inside Supernatural horror William Brent Bell Insurge Pictures 2012-01-06
V/H/S Horror Ti West
Joe Swanberg
David Buckner
Adam Wingard
Glenn McQuaid
Radio Silence Productions
The Collective
Bloody Disgusting
2012-01-22
Chronicle Science fiction, Superhero, Thriller Josh Trank Davis Entertainment 2012-02-01
Project X Comedy Nima Nourizadeh Silver Pictures
Green Hat Films
2012-03-02
Evidence Horror Howie Askins RynoRyder Productions 2012-03-12
REC 3: Genesis Horror Paco Plaza Filmax 2012-03-30
Apartment 143 Horror Carles Torrens Werc Werk Works
Kasdan Pictures
Likely Story
2012-05-04
Crowsnest Horror Brenton Spencer Straight Jacket Films
Latitude Entertainment
Oriole Leaf Films
2012-05-06
The Dinosaur Project Adventure Sid Bennett Moonlighting Films 2012-08-10
A Night in the Woods Horror Richard Parry Richard Parry 2012-09-07
End of Watch Thriller, Police Procedural David Ayer StudioCanal 2012-09-08
The Conspiracy Horror Christopher MacBride Resolute Films and Entertainment 2012-09-20
Grave Encounters 2 Horror John Poliquin Arclight Films 2012-10-02
Paranormal Activity 4 Supernatural horror Henry Joost
Ariel Schulman
Room 101 2012-10-19
The Bay Science fiction, Horror Barry Levinson Lionsgate 2012-11-02
A Haunted House Comedy Michael Tiddes Open Road Films 2013-01-11
The Upper Footage Crime, Drama, Thriller Justin Cole 2013-01-31
Devil's Pass Horror Renny Harlin Aldamisa Entertainment
Alexander Rodnyansky
Non-Stop Productions
Midnight Sun Pictures
K. Jam Media
2013-02-28
The Frankenstein Theory Horror Andrew Weiner Rocket
Inner Station
Therapy Content
Arctic Film Group
2013-03-01
V/H/S/2 Horror Simon Barrett
Jason Eisener
Gareth Evans
Gregg Hale
Eduardo Sánchez
Timo Tjahjanto
Adam Wingard
The Collective
Bloody Disgusting
8383 Productions
Snoot Entertainment
Haxan Films
Yer Dead Productions
2013-06-06
Europa Report Science fiction Sebastián Cordero Wayfare Entertainment Ventures 2013-08-02
Head Cases: Serial Killers in the Delaware Valley Horror Anthony Spadaccini Fleet Street Films
B.P.A. Productions Group, Inc.
2013-09-28
Sx_Tape Horror Bernard Rose Aeroplano
La.Lune Entertainment
2013-10-10
6-5=2 Horror KS Ashoka Swarnalatha Production[4] 2013-11-29
Paranormal Activity: The Marked Ones Supernatural horror Christopher Landon Paramount Pictures 2014-01-03
Devil's Due Supernatural horror Matt Bettinelli-Olpin
Tyler Gillett
Davis Entertainment
Twentieth Century Fox Film Corporation
2014-01-17
The Den Horror Zachary Donohue Cliffbrook Films
Onset Films
2014-03-14
Afflicted Horror Derek Lee
Clif Prowse
Automatik Entertainment
Téléfilm Canada
2014-04-04
Babysitting Comedy Nicolas Benamou
Philippe Lacheau
Axel Films
Madame Films
Cinéfrance 1888
Good Lap Production
2014-04-16
A Haunted House 2 Horror Comedy Michael Tiddes IM Global Octane
Wayans Bros. Entertainment
Baby Way Productions
2014-04-18
The Sacrament Horror Ti West Worldview Entertainment
Arcade Pictures
2014-05-01
Alien Abduction Horror Matty Beckerman Exclusive Media Group
Big Picture
Next Entertainment
Lawrence Bender Productions
Mob Scene Creative Productions
2014-05-04
Earth to Echo Science fiction, Family Dave Green Relativity Media 2014-07-02
Into the Storm Disaster film Steven Quale New Line Cinema
Village Roadshow Pictures
2014-08-08
As Above, So Below Horror, Thriller John Erick Dowdle Universal Pictures
Legendary Pictures
2014-08-29
REC 4: Apocalypse Horror Jaume Balagueró Canal+ España 2014-10-31
[Apocalyptic]] Horror Glenn Triggs Dark Epic Films 2014-11-01
V/H/S: Viral Horror Nacho Vigalondo
Marcel Sarmiento
Gregg Bishop
Justin Benson
Todd Lincoln
Bloody Disgusting
The Collective
Haxan Films
2014-11-21
Area 51 Science fiction horror Oren Peli Paramount Pictures 2014-??-??
Project Almanac Science fiction Dean Israelite Insurge Pictures
Platinum Dunes
MTV Films
2015-01-30
Paranormal Activity: The Ghost Dimension Supernatural horror Gregory Plotkin Paramount Pictures 2015-03-13
A Haunted House 3 Horror comedy Open Road Films 2015-06-26

TV series and made for TV specials[edit]

Video games[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Defining the Found Footage Genre". In It For The Kills: Horror Perspectives. Retrieved 2009-11-16. 
  2. ^ "Editorial: An Apologist's Rant: In Defense of Found Footage". Dread Central. Retrieved 2012-04-27. 
  3. ^ Found footage horror films : fear and the appearance of reality, Alexandra Heller-Nicholas Jefferson, North Carolina : McFarland & Company, Inc., Publishers, [2014]
  4. ^ 6-5=27.140 personen vinden dit leuk · 544 praten hierover. "6-5=2". Facebook. Retrieved 2013-12-28.