Fountain City, Wisconsin
|Fountain City, Wisconsin|
WIS-35 through town
Location of Fountain City, Wisconsin
|• Total||5.57 sq mi (14.43 km2)|
|• Land||4.29 sq mi (11.11 km2)|
|• Water||1.28 sq mi (3.32 km2)|
|Elevation||669 ft (204 m)|
|• Estimate (2012)||842|
|• Density||200.2/sq mi (77.3/km2)|
|Time zone||Central (CST) (UTC-6)|
|• Summer (DST)||CDT (UTC-5)|
|GNIS feature ID||1565171|
Fountain City was originally called Holmes' Landing, after Thomas Holmes, who settled there in 1839. Riverboats would stop at the landing to take on firewood, as well as water from springs not far from the river, leading to the name of Fountain City.
Fountain City is located at  at the intersection of highways 35 and 95.(44.124506, -91.709470),
The city is located on a bend in the Mississippi River, where the river flows right at the base of the bluffs on the east side of the valley. Because of this, at some points the city is only two houses wide; one on each side of Wisconsin Highway 35. Eagle Creek and Waumandee Creek flow into Fountain City Bay northwest of the city limits. Eagle Creek flows around the base of Eagle Bluff, one of the tallest bluffs along the Mississippi.
The steep bluffs are characteristic of the Driftless Area of Wisconsin, Minnesota, and Iowa, a region that was not smoothed over by glacier like much of the rest of the midwest, but rather deeply cut by runoff from the rapidly melting glaciers.
As of the census of 2010, there were 859 people, 410 households, and 215 families residing in the city. The population density was 200.2 inhabitants per square mile (77.3 /km2). There were 467 housing units at an average density of 108.9 per square mile (42.0 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 97.0% White, 0.1% African American, 1.4% Native American, 0.1% Asian, 0.6% from other races, and 0.8% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.0% of the population.
There were 410 households of which 19.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 40.5% were married couples living together, 7.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.1% had a male householder with no wife present, and 47.6% were non-families. 34.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.10 and the average family size was 2.74.
The median age in the city was 42.3 years. 16.9% of residents were under the age of 18; 10.3% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 26.5% were from 25 to 44; 28.6% were from 45 to 64; and 17.8% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 53.1% male and 46.9% female.
As of the census of 2000, there were 983 people, 444 households, and 241 families residing in the city. The population density was 220.6 people per square mile (85.1/km²). There were 470 housing units at an average density of 105.5 per square mile (40.7/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 99.49% White, 0.10% Native American, 0.10% Asian, and 0.31% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.10% of the population.
There were 444 households out of which 25.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.0% were married couples living together, 6.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 45.5% were non-families. 40.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.11 and the average family size was 2.90.
In the city the population was spread out with 19.7% under the age of 18, 9.8% from 18 to 24, 28.8% from 25 to 44, 22.2% from 45 to 64, and 19.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 102.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 102.8 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $31,524, and the median income for a family was $47,692. Males had a median income of $31,488 versus $20,000 for females. The per capita income for the city was $18,396. About 2.8% of families and 6.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.4% of those under age 18 and 10.8% of those age 65 or over.
The economy has depended more recently on agriculture and tourism. Tourists are drawn to the picturesque river bluffs and the Mississippi River itself; the Great River Road runs through the city. Merrick State Park is located a short distance up Fountain City Bay, a slough of the river.
The United States Army Corps of Engineers maintains a base on the north side of town. It was the long-time home of the dredge William A. Thompson, which the Corps used to maintain the 9-foot (2.7 m) shipping depth of the Mississippi's Main Channel.
- "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-11-18.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-11-18.
- "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-06-24.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- Buffalo County History
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- USACE Document on William A. Thompson
- Cochrane-Fountain City School District
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