Four Beauties

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Four Beauties
Four Beauties.jpg
The Four Beauties. From left to right: Xi Shi, Wang Zhaojun, Diaochan, Yang Guifei
Chinese 四大美女
Alternative Chinese name
Chinese 四大美人

The Four Beauties or Four Great Beauties are four ancient Chinese women, renowned for their beauty. The scarcity of historical records concerning them meant that much of what is known of them today has been greatly embellished by legend. They gained their reputation from the influence they exercised over kings and emperors and consequently, the way their actions impacted Chinese history. Three of the Four Beauties brought kingdoms to their knees and their lives ended in tragedy.


The Four Great Beauties lived in four different dynasties, each hundreds of years apart. In chronological order, they are:


A quote describes the four beauties.[5] The exact origin of this quote is debated.

Chinese Pinyin Jyutping English
xī shī chén yú
zhāo jūn luò yàn
diāo chán bì yuè
guì fēi xiū huā
sai1 si1 cam4 jyu4
ciu1 gwan1 lok6 ngaan6
diu1 sim4 bai3 jyut6
gwai3 fei1 sau1 faa1
Xi Shi sinks fish
Wang Zhaojun entice birds falling
Diaochan eclipses the moon
Yang Guifei shames flowers


  1. ^ "" 西施浣紗——沉魚. Retrieved on 2010-02-20.
  2. ^ "" 昭君出塞——落雁. Retrieved on 2010-02-20.
  3. ^ "" 貂蟬拜月——閉月. Retrieved on 2010-02-20.
  4. ^ "" 貴妃醉酒——羞花. Retrieved on 2010-02-20.
  5. ^ "" 纪连海叹说四大美人 . Retrieved on 2010-02-20.