Four Freedoms Award

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President Franklin Delano Roosevelt, painted by Frank O. Salisbury, 1947

The Four Freedoms Award is an annual award presented to those men and women who have "demonstrated" an achievement to the principles lined out in the Four freedoms speech president Franklin Delano Roosevelt gave to the US Congress on 6 January 1941. In his speech he stated that if democracy is to survive and flourish, people everywhere in the world are entitled to four human rights: freedom of speech, freedom of worship, freedom from want, and freedom from fear. The annual reward is handed out in alternate years in Hyde Park, New York, by the Franklin and Eleanor Roosevelt Institute and in Middelburg, Netherlands, by the Roosevelt Stichting.

History[edit]

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Franklin Delano Roosevelt's January 6, 1941 State of the Union Address introducing the theme of the Four Freedoms (starting at 32:02)

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The awards were first presented in 1982 on the centenary of President Roosevelt's birth as well as the bicentenary of diplomatic relations between the United States and the Netherlands. The awards were founded to celebrate the four freedoms espoused by President Roosevelt in his speech:

  1. Freedom of speech
  2. Freedom of worship
  3. Freedom from want
  4. Freedom from fear

For each of the four freedoms an award was instituted, as well as a special Freedom award. In 1990, 1995, 2003 and 2004 there were also special awards.

In odd years the awards are presented to American citizens or institutions by the Franklin and Eleanor Roosevelt Institute in Hyde Park, New York. In even years the award ceremony is held in Middelburg and honours non-Americans. The choice of Middelburg was motivated by the suspected descendance of the family Roosevelt from Oud-Vossemeer in the municipality Tholen.

Alternative Awards[edit]

The Four Freedoms Awards Zeeland, an initiative taken by Ariane van der Windt, Laura de Landgraaf and Brittany van der Does, three Roosevelt Academy students. As Eleanor Roosevelt stated "Where do human rights begin after all? In small places, close to home." and that is exactly what the Four Freedoms Zeeland will accomplish. Not only people working at an international level demonstrate great achievements according to the four freedoms speech, also smaller institutions and people at a local level make a difference.

By awarding them with the Local Four Freedoms award their work becomes known and respected, and will hopefully inspire people to join. The alternative awards were founded in 2008, and will be a bicentennial event that runs at the same years as the International Four Freedoms Awards, also in Middelburg, The Netherlands.

The recipients in 2008 were;

  • Freedom of speech: The posters of Goesje and Walchje, for voicing the opinion on the fusion of two hospitals.
  • Freedom of worship: Manifestation Nieuw Zout, for organizing events that combine different cultures and religions.
  • Freedom from want: Primary school 'Ravensteijn', for going the extra mile to make sure that the less unfortunate kids are taken care of.
  • Freedom from fear: Vluchtenlingenwerk Zeeland, for helping immigrants with so much more than legal issues.

Laureates[edit]

Freedom Medal[edit]

One of the medals
Year Middelburg Year Hyde Park
1982 H.R.H. Princess Juliana of the Netherlands 1983 W. Averell Harriman
1984 Harold Macmillan 1985 Claude Pepper
1986 Alessandro Pertini 1987 Thomas P. O'Neill, Jr
1988 Helmut Schmidt 1989 William J. Brennan, Jr.
1990 Václav Havel and Jacques Delors 1991 Thurgood Marshall
1992 Javier Pérez de Cuéllar 1993 Cyrus Vance
1994 Dalai Lama 1995 President Jimmy Carter
1996 Juan Carlos of Spain 1997 Katharine Meyer Graham
1998 Mary Robinson 1999 Edward M. Kennedy
2000 Martti Ahtisaari 2001 W.W. II veterans as represented by
2002 Nelson Mandela 2003 George J. Mitchell
2004 Kofi Annan 2005 Bill Clinton
2006 Mohamed ElBaradei 2007 Carl Levin and Richard Lugar
2008 Richard von Weizsäcker 2009 Hillary Rodham Clinton
2010 European Court of Human Rights 2011 Russ Feingold
2012 Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva 2013 Wendell Berry

Freedom of Speech[edit]

Freedom of Speech, a painting of Norman Rockwell of 1943
The first is freedom of speech and expression — everywhere in the world.
Roosevelt, January 6, 1941
Year Middelburg Year Hyde Park
1982 Max van der Stoel 1983 Joseph L. Rauh, Jr.
1984 Amnesty International 1985 Dr. Kenneth B. Clark
1986 El País 1987 Herbert Block
1988 Ellen Johnson Sirleaf 1989 Walter Cronkite
1990 No Award 1991 James Reston
1992 Mstislav Rostropovich 1993 Arthur Miller
1994 Marion Dönhoff 1995 Mary McGrory
1996 John Hume 1997 Sidney R. Yates
1998 CNN 1999 John Lewis
2000 Bronisław Geremek 2001 The New York Times and the Ochs/Sulzberger Family
2002 Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty 2003 Studs Terkel
2004 Lennart Meri 2005 Tom Brokaw
2006 Carlos Fuentes 2007 Bill Moyers
2008 Lakhdar Brahimi 2009 Anthony Romero
2010 Novaya Gazeta 2011 Michael J. Copps
2012 Al Jazeera 2013 Paul Krugman
K. Clark
1985
J. Lewis
1999

Freedom of Worship[edit]

Freedom of Worship, a painting of Norman Rockwell of 1943
The second is freedom of every person to worship God in his own way — everywhere in the world.
Roosevelt, January 6, 1941
Year Middelburg Year Hyde Park
1982 Willem A. Visser 't Hooft 1983 Coretta Scott King
1984 Werner Leich and Christiann F. Beyers Naudé 1985 Elie Wiesel
1986 Bernardus Alfrink 1987 Leon Sullivan
1988 Teddy Kollek 1989 Raphael Lemkin (posthumously) and Hyman Bookbinder
1990 László Tőkés 1991 Paul Moore, Jr.
1992 Terry Waite 1993 Theodore M. Hesburgh, CSC
1994 Gerhart M Riegner 1995 Andrew Young
1996 Lord Runcie 1997 William H. Gray
1998 Desmond Tutu 1999 Corinne C. Boggs
2000 Cicely Saunders 2001 Johnnie Carr
2002 Nasr Abu Zayd 2003 Robert F. Drinan
2004 Sari Nusseibeh 2005 Cornel West
2006 Taizé Community 2007 Peter J. Gomes
2008 Karen Armstrong 2009 Eboo Patel
2010 Asma Jahangir 2011 Rev. Barry W. Lynn
2012 Patriarch Bartholomew I of Constantinople 2013 Simone Campbell
C. King
1983
E. Wiesel
1985

Freedom from Want[edit]

The third is freedom from want — which, translated into world terms, means economic understandings which will secure to every nation a healthy peacetime life for its inhabitants — everywhere in the world.
Roosevelt, January 6, 1941
Year Middelburg Year Hyde Park
1982 H. Johannes Witteveen 1983 Robert S. McNamara
1984 Liv Ullmann 1985 Dr. John Kenneth Galbraith
1986 F. Bradford Morse 1987 Mary Lasker
1988 Dr. Halfdan T. Mahler 1989 Dr. Dorothy I. Height
1990 Emile van Lennep 1991 Paul Newman and Joanne Woodward
1992 Jan Tinbergen 1993 Eunice Kennedy Shriver and Sargent Shriver
1994 Sadako Ogata 1995 Lane Kirkland
1996 Médecins Sans Frontières 1997 Mark O. Hatfield
1998 Stéphane Hessel 1999 George S. McGovern
2000 M. S. Swaminathan 2001 March of Dimes
2002 Gro Harlem Brundtland 2003 Dolores Huerta
2004 Marguerite Barankitse 2005 Marsha J. Evans
2006 Muhammad Yunus, Grameen Bank 2007 Barbara Ehrenreich
2008 Jan Egeland 2009 Vicki Escarra
2010 Maurice Strong 2011 Jacqueline Novogratz
2012 Ela Bhatt 2013 Coalition of Immokalee Workers
M. Lasker
1987
M. Yunus
2006
E. Bhatt
2012

Freedom from Fear[edit]

The fourth is freedom from fear — which, translated into world terms, means a world-wide reduction of armaments to such a point and in such a thorough fashion that no nation will be in a position to commit an act of physical aggression against any neighbor — anywhere in the world.
Roosevelt, January 6, 1941
Year Middelburg Year Hyde Park
1982 J. Herman van Roijen 1983 Jacob K. Javits
1984 Brian Urquhart 1985 Dr. Isidor Rabi
1986 Olof Palme (posthumously) 1987 Dr. George Kennan
1988 Dr. Armand Hammer 1989 J. William Fulbright
1990 Simon Wiesenthal 1991 Mike Mansfield
1992 Lord Carrington 1993 George Ball
1994 Zdravko Grebo 1995 Elliot Richardson
1996 Shimon Peres 1997 Daniel K. Inouye
1998 Craig Kielburger 1999 Robert O. Muller
2000 Louise Arbour 2001 W.W. II veterans as represented by
2002 Ernesto Zedillo 2003 Robert C. Byrd
2004 Max Kohnstamm 2005 Lee H. Hamilton and Thomas Kean
2006 Aung San Suu Kyi 2007 Brent Scowcroft
2008 Willemijn Verloop - War Child 2009 Pasquale J. D'Amuro
2010 Gareth Evans 2011 Bryan A. Stevenson
2012 Hussain al-Shahristani 2013 Ameena Matthews
B. Muller
1999
L. Arbour
2000

Special presentations[edit]

1984 Simone Veil (Centennial Award) 2002 William vanden Heuvel 2005 BBC World Service
1990 Mikhail Gorbachev 2003 Arthur Schlesinger Jr. 2005 Mary Soames
1995 Jonas Salk 2004 Anton Rupert 2006 Mike Wallace
1995 Ruud Lubbers 2004 Bob Dole 2008 Forrest Church
M. Soames
2005
F. Church
2008

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

References[edit]