Four Kingdoms of Andalusia

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The Four Kingdoms of Andalusia.

The Four Kingdoms of Andalusia (Spanish: cuatro reinos de Andalucía or, in 18th century orthography, quatro reynos del Andaluzia) was a collective name designating the four kingdoms of the Crown of Castile located in the southern Iberian Peninsula, south of the Sierra Morena. These kingdoms were won from Muslim rule by the Christian monarchs of Castile during the Reconquista; as such, all four were former taifas: the Kingdom of Córdoba was conquered in 1236, the Kingdom of Jaén in 1246, the Kingdom of Seville in 1248 and the Kingdom of Granada in 1492. These four kingdoms occupied almost exactly the same territory as the present day Spanish autonomous community of Andalusia.

The name was used in some contexts at least since the middle of the 18th century.[1][2] Some works and documents that use the designation are the Juzgados militares de España y sus Indias (1792),[3] the Prontuario de las leyes y decretos del Rey nuestro Señor Don José Napoleon I (1810),[4] and Breves tratados de esfera y geografía universal (1833),[5] among many others.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Pablo de Olavide was "Intendente del Ejército de los cuatro reinos de Andalucía" Biografía, Fundación Pablo de Olavide, accessed online 2009-12-19.
  2. ^ In the Respuestas generales del Catastro de Ensenada de Gelo del Cabildo, lugar del reino de Sevilla, dated 1751, José María de Mendoza y Guzmán, is described as the "visitador general de Rentas Provinciales de los cuatro Reinos de Andalucía". See the digital version of the document on the site of the Spanish Ministry of Culture. Enter "Gelo" in the search box "Buscador Localidades" and see image number 3.
  3. ^ Colón de Larriátegui, Félix (1792). Juzgados militares de España y sus Indias (in Spanish). Madrid: Imprenta de la viuda de D. Joaquín Ibarra. 
  4. ^ "Decreto para la creación de una Guardia Cívica en los quatro reynos de Andalucía". Prontuario de las leyes y decretos del Rey nuestro Señor Don José Napoleon I (in Spanish). Madrid: Imprenta Real. 1810. 
  5. ^ Losada, Juan Cayetano (1833). Breves tratados de esfera y geografía universal (in Spanish). Madrid: Ibarra. 

References[edit]


This article incorporates information from the revision as of 2009-12-19 of the equivalent article on the Spanish Wikipedia.