Four Pillars of Destiny
|Term: Birth Chart|
|Hanyu Pinyin||shēngchén bāzì|
|Cantonese Jyutping||saang1 san4 baat3 zi6|
|Literal meaning||Birth Time Eight Characters|
|Term: Four Pillars|
|Hanyu Pinyin||sì zhù mìnglǐ xué|
|Cantonese Jyutping||sei3 cyu5 ming6 lei5 hok6|
|Literal meaning||"Four Pillars of Life" Studies|
|Alternative Chinese name|
|Hanyu Pinyin||zipíng mìnglǐ|
|Cantonese Jyutping||zi2 ping4 ming6 lei5|
|Literal meaning||Method Divination|
Four Pillars of Destiny is a Chinese, Japanese and Korean conceptual term that describes the four components creating a person's destiny or fate. The four components within the moment of birth are year, month, day, and hour. The four pillars is used alongside fortune telling practices such as Zǐ wēi dòu shù within the realm of Chinese Astrology. Comparisons have been made between Western Astrology and BaZi. However, unlike Astrology, BaZi analysis does not look at an 'alignment' of celestial bodies of stars and planets. It is based on the 'alignment' of blocks of time delineated by the Wan Nian Li, (萬年曆) the famous "10,000 year" Chinese almanac.
The four pillars is an English translation of the Chinese dynastic phrase "Shēng Chén Bā Zì". The Chinese term (生辰八字, ShēngChén BāZì) translates to "The Eight Characters of Birth Time". This is also referred to by the Chinese term (四柱命理學, Sì Zhù MìngLǐ Xué) which translates to Study of "Four Pillars of Life" Principles.
Commonly referred to by the shortened terms, "Four Pillars" or "BāZì", one of the most frequently used alternate phrase is "Four Pillars of your birth time". It is called BāZì (八字), Eight Characters, because each of the four pillars (representing the year, month, day, and hour of one's birth respectively) is represented by two characters; one character for a Heavenly Stem and one character for an Earthly Branch. There are 10 Heavenly Stems (天干; TiānGān) and 12 Earthly Branches (地支; DìZhī). The 12 zodiac animal reference is a folkloric representation of the 12 Earthly Branches.
A good four pillars was that of Qianlong Emperor.
The schools are the Scholarly School (學院派; XuéYuàn Pài) and the Professional School (江湖派; JiāngHú Pài).
The Scholarly School began with Xú ZiPíng 徐子平 at the beginning of Song Dynasty. Xu founded the pure theoretical basis of the system. Representatives of this school and their publications include
- Song Dynasty (宋)
- Sān Mìng YuānYuán 三命渊源, by Xú DàShēng 徐大升
- Yuān HǎiZi Píng 淵海子平, compiled by Xú DàShēng 徐大升
- Ming Dynasty (明)
- Dī Tiān Suǐ 滴天髓
- Sān Mìng Tōng Kuài 三命通會, by Wàn MínYīng 万民英
- Míng Wàn YùWú 明萬育吾
- Míng Liú Jī 明劉基
- Qing Dynasty (清)
- Mìng Lǐ Yuē Yán 命理約言, by Chén SùĀn 陈素庵
- Mìng Lǐ Tàn Yuán 命理探源, by Yuán ShùShān 袁树珊
Four Pillars of Destiny, the 傷官 or – in Japanese, Syō-Kan (pr: Show-can) – is a concept in Japanese astrology that involves calculating a person's destiny using the values of the birth year, month, day and hour. The Chinese equivalent is 背禄 (shang guan).
Four Pillars of Destiny is an important concept for a proper understanding of Japanese astrology. A study of the four components creating a person's destiny or fate is highly complicated and can be an extreme effector in the mechanisms of plotting destiny and prediction.
- On the Other Heavenly Stems
- When we have the Heavenly Stems as 甲 in our birthday, the 丁 acts as a Syō-Kan factor.
- as follows
- 乙 : 丙
- 丙 : 己
- 丁 : 戊
- 戊 : 辛
- 己 : 庚
- 庚 : 癸
- 辛 : 壬
- 壬 : 乙
- 癸 : 甲
- Generally speaking, Syō-Kan stands for our splendid talents, our brilliant appearances, our academic potential.
- The freedoms: freedom of speech, freedom of thinking, freedom of expression are related to Syō-Kan.
- When there is not the proper Syō-Kan in our daily life, we may be confused. Often we will be involved in anti-social acts such as terrorism.
- Syō-Kan is also the symbol of a sword and slash. Consequently the Syō-Kan will be not preferred in normal society.
- The figures with Syō-Kan is usually bright and beautiful, however true and real success in life is another aspect.
- Hirohito (also known as Emperor Shōwa), born April 29, 1901, died January 7, 1989. His birthday is 29 April 1901 a day called Shōwa Day in Japan.
The chart is as follows:
- Year of birth : 1901 : 辛丑
- Month of birth : April : 壬辰
- Day of birth : 29th : 丁丑
- Time of birth : a quarter past 10 at night (10.15 pm) : 辛亥
The most important elements and workers in his chart is the 甲 or 乙. The Inju is also the worker which controls Syō-Kan.
In 1945, in the year of 乙酉, the Inju has no effect. The Heavenly Stem 乙 is in Ku Bo (空亡 the workings are on hold ). Japan was defeated in World War II and suffered atomic bomb explosions and have been affected by these events ever since.
The Dai Un (Japan's own long-term history) is as follows:
The beginning of April in Lunar calendar is the fifth day, so there are 24 days from day 5 to Hirohito's birthday. One month is equivalent to ten years in Dai Un, and the 24 days are equivalent to eight years. Looking at events in the historical timeline corresponding to his life from age eight to 18 shows as follows –
From the age of 8 to the age of 18 : 辛卯
- 18 to 28 : 庚寅 : corresponding to the reign and beginning of Showa Period in 1926
- 28 to 38 : 己丑 : beginning of Second Sino-Japanese War in 1937
- 38 to 48 : 戊子 : World War II, 1939–1945
- 48 to 58 : 丁亥
- 58 to 68 : 丙戌
- 68 to 78 : 乙酉
- 78 to 88 : 甲申 : end of the Showa Period in 1989
- 88 to 98 : 癸未
- Mapping China and Managing the World: Culture, Cartography and and Cosmology in Late Imperial Times, Smith, Richard. J, (Oxfordshire, England;Routledge Press, 2012).
- Traditioneller Chinesischer Mondkalender, (Traditional Chinese Lunar Calendar), (Berlin: 2 Kehrer Verlag Heidelberg, 2000)
- The Imperial Guide to Feng Shui and & Chinese Astrology: The Only Authentic Translation from the Original Chinese, Aylward, T, (London: Watkins Publishing, 2007)