Four Square Writing Method
The Four Square Writing Method is a simplified graphic organizer for teaching writing to children in school. While primarily used to teach persuasive writing, it has also been used to help teach deconstruction. The method was developed by Judith S. Gould and Evan Jay Gould in 1999.
It was developed initially for primary school students, but has also been used in high school classes.
The method is primarily a visual framework for assisting students with formulating ideas in an organized manner prior to writing an essay.
The concept generally works as follows:
- A rectangle is drawn, width exceeding height, and divided into four smaller rectangles of equal size. An additional rectangle is drawn in the center of the figure, taking up some of the area in each of the other four rectangles. A total of five rectangles are thus created.
- The student writes a complete topic sentence in the center rectangle.
- The student then writes sentences in the lower-left, upper-left, and upper-right rectangles that develop the thesis of the central topic.
- Finally, the student writes a summary sentence in the lower-right rectangle. The summary sentence describes how the reader is intended to feel about the topic.
Variations of the above rules may require more or less development in each of the rectangles, depending on the grade-level or maturity of the student.
Results show a consistent increase in the ability of students to write persuasively. A study at Springview Elementary School, in Allendale Charter Township, Michigan, noted, "significant growth was observed in the students' writings in both classes." Another study, carried out at American Senior High School in Miami-Dade County, Florida with older students, showed an increase in FCAT scores, though not as marked as the Michigan grade school students. It was noted that one teacher had remarkably more success with the program than others, and that teachers must be trained thoroughly to get best results from this method.
- "Using the Four-Square Strategy to Define and Identify Poetic Terms".
- "Judith Gould -Featured SDE Presenter".
- Gould, Judith S. (1999). Four Square Writing Method : A Unique Approach to Teaching Basic Writing Skills, Grades 4-6. Crystal Springs Books. ISBN 1-57310-188-5.
- Luban, Gwen; Lutke, Linda; Powell, Karl; Wilson, Jill. The Importance of a Four Square Writing Organizer to Writing Improvement (PDF). Springview Elementary School, Allendale Public School System. Retrieved 2009-02-24.[dead link]
- Superintendent’s Urban Principal Initiative. Improving Persuasive Writing Through the Use of the Four Square Writing Method (PPT). American Senior High School. Retrieved 2009-02-24. "(P)re/post test results, American Senior High persuasive writing scores improved overall"