Ford Mustang (fourth generation)

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Fourth-generation Mustang
1994 Ford Mustang V6.png
Overview
Manufacturer Ford Motor Company
Production October 15, 1993 – May 10, 2004[1][2]
Assembly Dearborn, Michigan
Designer Patrick Schiavone (exterior: 1990)
Emline King (interior: 1990)
Doug Gaffka (facelift: 1996)[3][4]
Body and chassis
Body style 2-door convertible
2-door coupe
Layout FR layout
Platform SN-95(1)1994–1998, SN-95(2)1999–2004
Powertrain
Engine

3.8 L (232 CID) OHV
94-04 Essex V6
3.9 L OHV
04 Essex V6
4.9 L (302 CID) OHV
94-95 GT Windsor V8
5.8 L (351 CID) OHV
95 Cobra R Windsor V8
4.6 L (281 CID) 2v SOHC
96-04 GT Modular V8
4.6 L (281 CID) 4v DOHC
96-01 Cobra Modular V8
4.6 L (281 CID) 4v DOHC SC
03-04 Cobra Modular V8

5.4 L (330 CID) 4v DOHC
2000 Cobra R Modular V8
Transmission

T-5 (5-speed manual)
94-present V6
World Class T-5 (5-speed manual)
94-95 GT/Cobra
T-45 (5-Speed Manual)
96-99 Cobra, 96-01 GT
TR-3550 (5-speed Manual)
95 Cobra R
TR-3650 (5-Speed Manual)
01 Cobra, 01-10 GT
T-56 (6-Speed Manual)
Tremec T-56 transmission
AODE (4-Speed automatic)
94-95 V6/GT

4R70W (4-Speed automatic)
96-04 V6/GT
Dimensions
Wheelbase 101.3 in (2,573 mm)
Length 1994-1998: 181.5 in (4,610 mm)
1994-1998 Cobra: 182.5 in (4,636 mm)
1999–2004: 183.2 in (4,653 mm)
1999–2004 Cobra: 183.5 in (4,661 mm)
Width 1994–98: 71.8 in (1,824 mm)
1999–2004: 73.1 in (1,857 mm)
Height 1994–96 Coupe: 52.9 in (1,344 mm) in
1997–98 Coupe & Cobra Convertible: 53.2 in (1,351 mm)
GT Coupe, 1997–98 Convertible & GT Convertible: 53.4 in (1,356 mm) in
1994–96 GT Convertible & Cobra: 53.3 in (1,354 mm)
1994–96 Convertible: 53 in (1,346 mm)
1999–2004 Coupe: 53.1 in (1,349 mm)
1999–2004 Convertible & Cobra: 53.2 in (1,351 mm)
1999–2001 Cobra Convertible: 53.3 in (1,354 mm)
Mach 1: 52.4 in (1,331 mm)
2002–04 SVT Cobra Coupe: 52.5 in (1,334 mm)
2002–04 SVT Cobra Convertible: 52.9 in (1,344 mm)
Chronology
Predecessor Ford Mustang (third generation)
Successor Ford Mustang (fifth generation)
Main article: Ford Mustang

For 1994, the Mustang underwent its first major redesign in fifteen years. The design, code named "SN-95" by Ford, was based on an updated version of the Fox platform. It featured dramatic new styling by Patrick Schiavone that incorporated some stylistic elements similar to those of earlier Mustangs.[5] A convertible model would also return, but the notchback and hatchback body styles used in earlier Mustangs were not available. Prior to the redesigned Mustang's launch, a 2-seater concept car called the Mustang Mach III was shown at the 1993 North American International Auto Show in Detroit and hinted at what future Mustangs might look like.[6] The production Mustang resembled the Mach III concept's sweeping body curves. The Mach III concept also featured a supercharged 4.6 L DOHC V8 with 450 hp (336 kW; 456 PS). While this engine was not put into production, it hinted to the future use of Ford's Modular V8 in the Mustang, including the eventual use of a supercharged 4.6 L V8.[7]

Mustang (1994–1998)[edit]

The base Mustang featured a 3.8 L OHV V6 mated to a standard 5-speed manual transmission or an optional AODE 4-speed automatic transmission. The V6 produced 145 hp (108 kW; 147 PS) at 4000 rpm and 215 lb·ft (292 N·m) of torque at 2500 rpm. For 1996, the base V6 gained five horsepower with a new powertrain control module (PCM), the EEC-V. The AODE transmission was replaced with the 4R70W 4-speed automatic transmission for 1996.

Interior of a 1995 Mustang GT 5-speed in Grey. Other model years have a similar layout.

Ford allocated $700 million to improve the Fox platform for the 1994 Mustang. Efforts were made to improve the car's handling as well as noise, vibration, and harshness (NVH) conditions over the previous generation Mustang. The Mustang's front suspension makes use of MacPherson struts with longer lower control arms, new spindles, anti-roll bars, and other enhancements over 1993 and older Mustangs. In the rear, a four-bar link solid axle is used.[8] The 1994 Mustang's standard rear axle ratio was 2.73:1, though this was later changed to 3.27:1. All Mustangs received standard four-wheel disc brakes, though anti-lock brakes (ABS) were optional.

Along with its new exterior, the 1994 Mustang received new interior styling. The Mustang's cabin featured a "dual-cockpit" layout that was adorned with contours and sweeping curves, similarly to other Fords of the time such as the Thunderbird. The 1994 Mustang offered many amenities and conveniences, a number of which later became standard equipment. The preferred equipment package came with power windows, mirrors, and door locks, remote keyless entry, air conditioning, cruise control, and a trunk cargo net. Also available was Ford's Mach 460, 230-watt multi-speaker sound system with CD player. All 1994 Mustangs received standard three-point seat belts and dual front airbags.[9] Also, in 1995, the Mustang's tail light design for 1996 changed from three smaller horizontal strips to three larger, contiguous vertical strips.

Mustang GT[edit]

Building on the base Mustang, the Mustang GT was reintroduced for 1994, featuring higher performance and better handling than the base Mustang or its 1993 predecessor. Ford carried over the 302 CID Windsor pushrod small-block V8 engine (called the "5.0 L" although its capacity was 4.94 L) from the 1993 Mustang GT. Total output from the engine was 215 hp (160 kW; 218 PS) at 4200 rpm and 285 lb·ft (386 N·m) of torque at 3500 rpm. Mustang GTs could deliver zero to 60 mph (97 km/h) acceleration times in the mid-six second range and complete a quarter mile in about 15 seconds.[8] The Mustang GT also featured a stiffer handling suspension, a 3.08:1 rear axle ratio (later changed to 3.27:1 or 3.55:1 depending on the transmission and model year), dual exhausts, and larger 16-inch (410 mm) wheels (compared to the base Mustang's 15-inch wheels). The 1994 Mustang GT was named Motor Trend Car of the Year.

For 1995, a one-year model referred to as the Mustang GTS was introduced. This was considered to be a "stripped down" version of the Mustang GT that included the performance parts of the GT model, but a minimum of non-performance related features.

Ford dropped the 302 CID Windsor V8 that was in production since 1968,[10] and the 1996 model year introduced the Modular 4.6 L SOHC V8. These engines were produced at two different plants, Windsor and Romeo. If the 8th digit in the VIN number is W it is a Romeo engine. If it is X it is a Windsor. There are subtle differences between the two. Valve cover bolt patterns are one, Romeo has fewer bolts than the Windsor. also the front covers use different bolts, 8mm vs 10mm. The Romeo uses jack screws on the main caps and the Windsor uses dowels. The new engine produced 215 hp (160 kW; 218 PS) at 4400 rpm and 285 lb·ft (386 N·m) of torque at 3500 rpm, matching the output of its predecessor. For 1998, the 4.6 L V8 received a small increase in output, resulting in 225 hp (168 kW; 228 PS) at 4750 rpm and 290 lb·ft (393 N·m) of torque at 3500 rpm. This was achieved through PCM calibration and a modified fuel system. Though capable of matching or exceeding the older 302 V8's output, the 4.6 L V8 was criticized for delivering inadequate performance, particularly against the larger displacement of the OHV V8 used in the Mustang's chief rival, the Chevrolet Camaro.[11]

Mustang Cobra[edit]

Building on the performance of the Mustang GT, Ford's Special Vehicle Team (SVT) developed an even higher performance car: the Mustang Cobra.In 1996 it was available in a special color package called the Chameleon Cobra which consisted of a very expensive Chrom-a-lusion paint job like the Mysti-Chrome package on 2004 models. Only 3000 were produced.

The "New Edge" (1999–2004)[edit]

New Edge bodystyle Ford Mustang coupe

A redesigned SN-95 Mustang came on December 26, 1998 for the 1999 model year. Characterizing the redesign was Ford's New Edge design language, which featured sharper contours, larger wheel arches, and creases in the bodywork, replacing many of the soft lines of the previous model. The Mustang also received new wheels and hubcaps. However, the car carried over the same roof line and interior, in addition to the same basic platform. All 1999 Mustangs (except the Cobra) received "35th-Anniversary" badges on the front fenders.[12][13]

A "35th Anniversary Limited Edition" appearance option package came on 2,318 GT coupes and 2,310 GT convertibles.[14] Available only in black, silver metallic, white, and red, they featured a body-colored hood scoop, rear spoiler, side scoops and rocker panels, a blacked-out panel between the taillamps, and 17 by 8-inch (200 mm) five-spoke aluminum wheels; while the Interiors included black leather and vinyl seats with silver inserts and pony logo, aluminum shift knob, a unique instrument cluster with 35th anniversary script, silver and black floor mats with 35th anniversary logo, and silver door trim inserts.[15]

The 3.8 L OHV Essex V6 returned as the base engine for 1999. A new split-port induction system replaced single-port induction, which increased the base model's output to 190 hp (142 kW; 193 PS) @ 5250 rpm and 220 lb·ft (298 N·m) of torque @ 2750 rpm.[16] In 2001, Ford added Intake Manifold Runner Control (IMRC) which further increased the engine's output to 193 hp (144 kW; 196 PS) at 5500 rpm and 225 lb·ft (305 N·m) of torque @ 2800 rpm.[17] During the second half of the 2004 model year, the 3.8 L Essex was replaced with the 3.9 L OHV Essex V6. The 3.9 L had a slightly longer stroke but output for the engine remained identical to the outgoing 3.8 L. The 3.9 L Essex only served in the Mustang for 1/2 a year before being replaced by the 4.0 L Cologne V6 in 2005.

2001 Ford Mustang Premium

The GT model continued to use the 4.6 L V8 as before, but now with 260 hp (194 kW; 264 PS)5250 rpm and 302 lb·ft (409 N·m) of torque @ 4000 rpm.[18] They featured new "Performance Improvement" (PI) heads, cams, and intake manifold; thus becoming a modification for previous NPI "Non Performance Improvement" 4.6 L cars. Mustangs now featured a returnless type fuel system utilizing a PCM-guided fuel rail pressure sensor to regulate pressure.[citation needed] The Mustang GT was now capable of low 14 second 1/4 mile ETs with 96+ mph trap speeds compared to the 1998 GT's upper-14 second ETs and 91-93 mph trap speeds.[19] Later, in 2001, Ford switched from their standard 19 lb/hr injectors to 21/22 lb/hr pink top injectors. These models with the pink top injectors, although rated at the same power levels as their predecessors, typically made 10 hp more on chassis dynometers.

For 1999, the Mustang also received a change to its taillights, making them edgier, with sharp corners and straight lines as opposed to the rounded off style of previous years. The lamps were still composed of three vertical segments, reminiscent of the original. A six CD player head unit was made available.

Mustang Cobra (1999, 2001, and 2003–2004)[edit]

The Cobra model returned for 1999 with its 32-valve 4.6 L V8, now rated at 320 hp (239 kW; 324 PS) at 6000 rpm and 317 lb·ft (430 N·m) of torque @ 4750 rpm.

Special editions[edit]

In 2000, a unique trim level called the "Spring Feature Edition" was available on GT models. Offered only in Performance Red, Laser Red, Black, Silver, White, or Zinc Yellow, the Spring Feature package contained 17" x 8" performance wheels and tires, a body-colored hood scoop, body-colored side scoops, two black "GT" stripes on the hood, and black "Mustang" inserts on the embossed bumper. Ford produced 3,091 Spring Feature GTs.[20]

In 2001, the Special Edition Bullitt was released to the public. Available only as coupe, the Bullitt was a mildly upgraded version of the standard GT. Factory upgrades included with a lowered suspension (3/4 inch), subframe connectors (used on the convertible models), Tokico shocks, and brakes from the Cobra (13 in front, 11.7 in rear). The car also received an upgraded exhaust and a re-designed intake. These power upgrades led to a factory rating of 265 hp (198 kW), a gain of five horsepower over the standard GT. On the exterior, the car received unique Torq-Thrust style wheels, removal of the fog lights and rear deck spoiler, as well as new trim accents. It was available in three colors: Dark Highland Green, True Blue, and Black.[citation needed]

The success of the 2001 Bullitt led to the production of a second special edition, the 2003 to 2004 Mach 1. The Mach 1 was equipped with a 4.6 L DOHC 305 hp (227 kW) engine based on the engine available in the 1999 and 2001 Mustang Cobras, with new cylinder heads from the 2003 to 2004 Cobra (see below). The interior of the car was given a retro theme with seats made to look like the "comfort-weave" seats available in the 1960s-era Match 1s. It also featured retro themed gauges and a unique aluminum shifter ball. On the vehicle's exterior, a Match 1 package was applied, as well as a functional Shaker scoop, a unique 3-tier hood, decals set on the hood, rocker/door panels, a special chin spoiler, a flat black-rear-spoiler, Magnum 500 style wheels, and a redesigned C-pillar. The car also received similar suspension upgrades as the Bullitt.[citation needed]

Ford celebrated its 100th Anniversary in June 2003, and made limited edition F-Series Super Duty trucks, Explorers, Taurus, Focus, and Mustang GTs to commemorate the event. The 100th Anniversary models only came in black, and included Premium Verona-grain Imola leather seating surfaces in two-tone parchment, and the Mustang got the GT premium package which included 17" wheels, anti-lock brakes and traction control; dual exhaust; power driver's seat with power lumbar support; leather-wrapped steering wheel; and Match 1000 or Mach 460 AM/FM Stereo with six-disc CD changer, as well as 100th Anniversary badges on the fender and decklid and embossed on the seats. The Centennial Package was a $995 upgrade.[21]

Right-hand drive conversion[edit]

In 2001, Ford Australia undertook a two-year project of importing and marketing Mustang in Australia. Ford Australia allocated A$4million for the conversion and modification work on 250 units. The Mustang was never engineered for right-hand drive markets and each vehicle had to be individually converted to right-hand drive to comply with Australian Design Rules. Ford Australia contracted with Tickford (local company that made high performance modifications to Australian Ford vehicles) to design and engineer the conversion and modifications.[22]

Engine output summary[edit]

Year Base Model GT Cobra Special Edition
1994 145 hp (108 kW) @ 4000 rpm

215 ft·lbf (291 N·m) of torque @ 2500 rpm

215 hp (160 kW) @ 4200 rpm

285 ft·lbf (386 N·m) of torque @ 3500 rpm

240 hp (179 kW)[23]
1995 145 hp (108 kW) @ 4000 rpm

215 ft·lbf (291 N·m) of torque @ 2500 rpm

215 hp (160 kW) @ 4200 rpm

285 ft·lbf (386 N·m) of torque @ 3500 rpm

240 hp (179 kW)[23] 300 hp[23] (Cobra R)
1996 150 hp (108 kW) @ 4000 rpm

215 ft·lbf (291 N·m) of torque @ 2500 rpm

215 hp (160 kW) @ 4400 rpm

285 ft·lbf (386 N·m) of torque @ 3500 rpm

305 hp (227 kW) @ 5800 rpm

300 ft·lbf (406 N·m) of torque @ 4800 rpm

1997 150 hp (108 kW) @ 4000 rpm

215 ft·lbf (291 N·m) of torque @ 2500 rpm

215 hp (160 kW) @ 4400 rpm

285 ft·lbf (386 N·m) of torque @ 3500 rpm

305 hp (227 kW) @ 5800 rpm

300 ft·lbf (406 N·m) of torque @ 4800 rpm

1998 150 hp (108 kW) @ 4000 rpm

215 ft·lbf (291 N·m) of torque @ 2500 rpm

225 hp (168 kW) @ 4750 rpm

290 ft·lbf (393 N·m) of torque @ 3500 rpm

305 hp (227 kW) @ 5800 rpm

300 ft·lbf (406 N·m) of torque @ 4800 rpm

1999 190 hp (142 kW) @ 5250 rpm

220 ft·lbf (298 N·m) of torque @ 2750 rpm

260 hp (194 kW) @ 5250 rpm

302 ft·lbf (409 N·m) of torque @ 4000 rpm

320 hp (239 kW) @ 6000 rpm

317 ft·lbf (429 N·m) of torque @ 4750 rpm

2000 190 hp (142 kW) @ 5250 rpm

220 ft·lbf (298 N·m) of torque @ 2750 rpm

260 hp (194 kW) @ 5250 rpm

302 ft·lbf (409 N·m) of torque @ 4000 rpm

385 hp[23] (Cobra R)
2001 193 hp (144 kW) @ 5500 rpm

225 ft·lbf (305 N·m) of torque @ 2800 rpm

260 hp (194 kW) @ 5250 rpm

302 ft·lbf (409 N·m) of torque @ 4000 rpm

320 hp (239 kW) @ 6000 rpm

317 ft·lbf (429 N·m) of torque @ 4750 rpm

265 hp (198 kW) (Bullitt)
2002 193 hp (144 kW) @ 5500 rpm

225 ft·lbf (305 N·m) of torque @ 2800 rpm

260 hp (194 kW) @ 5250 rpm

302 ft·lbf (409 N·m) of torque @ 4000 rpm

2003 193 hp (144 kW) @ 5500 rpm

225 ft·lbf (305 N·m) of torque @ 2800 rpm

260 hp (194 kW) @ 5250 rpm

302 ft·lbf (409 N·m) of torque @ 4000 rpm

390 hp (291 kW)

390 ft·lbf (529 N·m) of torque

305 hp (227 kW) (Mach I)
2004 193 hp (144 kW) @ 5500 rpm

225 ft·lbf (305 N·m) of torque @ 2800 rpm

260 hp (194 kW) @ 5250 rpm

302 ft·lbf (409 N·m) of torque @ 4000 rpm

390 hp (291 kW)

390 ft·lbf (529 N·m) of torque

305 hp (227 kW) (Mach I)

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.sn95forums.com/showthread.php?60322-SN95-Ford-Mustang-1994-1998
  2. ^ Porretto, John (10 May 2004). "Ford's Dearborn Assembly Plant, the company's oldest, produces final vehicle". Business.highbeam.com. AP. Retrieved 20 January 2014. 
  3. ^ http://www.at.ford.com/news/cn/Pages/Sketch to Design The 1994 Ford Mustang.aspx
  4. ^ http://www.vmrcanada.com/review_ca/Ford_Mustang_94-98.htm
  5. ^ Auto Editors of Consumer Guide (23 February 2007). "1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 Ford Mustang". howstuffworks com. Retrieved 20 January 2014. 
  6. ^ Heasley, Jerry (August 2004). "40 Wild Horses". Popular Mechanics 181 (8): 68. 
  7. ^ "1993 Mustang Mach III Concept". Muscularmustangs.com. Retrieved 20 January 2014. 
  8. ^ a b Bartlett, Jeff (1994). "1994 Ford Mustang GT - Long-Term Wrapup". Motor Trend. 
  9. ^ Russ, Bill. "1994 Ford Mustang V-6 Coupe". Theautochannel.com. Retrieved 20 January 2014. 
  10. ^ Sessler, Peter C. (2010). Ultimate American V-8 Engine Data Book (Second ed.). MBI Publishing. pp. 155–166. ISBN 978-0-7603-3681-6. Retrieved 20 January 2014. 
  11. ^ Auto Editors of Consumer Guide (23 February 2007). "The 1996 Ford Mustang". howstuffworks com. Retrieved 20 January 2014. 
  12. ^ Wardlaw, Christian (1999-01-01). "Ford is Doing its Part to Save the Camaro and Firebird". Edmunds Inside Line. Retrieved 2008-06-08. 
  13. ^ Star Media Group (5 December 1998). "1999 Ford Mustang". Wheels.ca. Retrieved 20 January 2014. 
  14. ^ Timeline: 1999 Mustang, undated, retrieved on 2008-06-08.
  15. ^ Wilson, Greg (2 January 1999). "Test Drive: 1999 Ford Mustang Convertible". Autos Canada. Retrieved 20 January 2014. 
  16. ^ Ford Motor Company. Ford Media. 2000 Mustang. 2000. http://media.ford.com/products/presskit_display.cfm?vehicle_id=7&press_section_id=398&make_id=92
  17. ^ Ford Motor Company. Ford Media. 2001 Mustang. 2001. http://media.ford.com/products/presskit_display.cfm?vehicle_id=298&press_section_id=398&make_id=92
  18. ^ Walton, Chris. "Road Test: 1999 Ford Mustang GT" Motor Trend, undated, retrieved on 2008-06-25.
  19. ^ Road Test: 1999 Ford Mustang GT article from Motor Trend
  20. ^ "2000 Ford Mustang Parts & Accessories". Americanmuscle.com. Retrieved 20 January 2014. 
  21. ^ "Timeline: 2003 Mustang - The Mustang Source". Bradbarnett.net. Retrieved 2010-08-19. 
  22. ^ "What it took for Ford to Australian-ise the Mustang 24/10/00". Fastlane.com.au. Retrieved 2010-08-19. 
  23. ^ a b c d "Mustang Facts: 1994-Present". Ford.com. Retrieved 2010-08-19.