Fourth Encirclement Campaign against the Hubei-Henan-Anhui Soviet

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Fourth Encirclement Campaign against the Hubei-Henan-Anhui Soviet
Part of the Chinese Civil War
Date Early July, 1932 – October 12, 1932
Location Border region of HubeiHenanAnhui provinces, China
Result Communist victory
Belligerents
Flag of the National Revolutionary Army
National Revolutionary Army
PLA
Chinese Red Army
Commanders and leaders
Flag of the National Revolutionary Army Chiang Kai-shek
Flag of the National Revolutionary Army Li Jishen
PLA Xu Xiangqian
PLA Zhang Guotao
Strength
300,000 30,000
Casualties and losses
10,000+ Several thousand

The Fourth Encirclement Campaign against the Hubei-Henan-Anhui Soviet was an encirclement campaign launched by the Chinese Nationalist Government that was intended to destroy the communist Hubei-Henan-Anhui Soviet and its Chinese Red Army in the local region. It was responded by the CommunistsFourth Counter-Encirclement Campaign at Hubei-Henan-Anhui Soviet (Chinese: 鄂豫皖苏区第四次苏区反围剿), also called by the communists as the Fourth Counter-Encirclement Campaign at HubeiHenanAnhui Revolutionary Base (Chinese: 鄂豫皖革命根据地第四次反围剿), in which the local nationalist force defeated the local Chinese Red Army and overran their soviet republic in the border region of HubeiHenanAnhui provinces from early July 1932 to October 12, 1932. However, the Nationalist victory was incomplete because they had concluded the campaign too early in their jubilation, resulting in the bulk of the communist force escaped and established another communist base in the border region of Sichuan and Shaanxi provinces. Moreover, the remnant local communist force of the Hubei-Henan-Anhui Soviet had also rebuilt the local Soviet republic by taking advantage of the early nationalist withdrawal, and as a result, nationalists had to launch another encirclement campaign later to repeat the effort again.

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References[edit]

Military History Research Department, Complete History of the People's Liberation Army, Military Science Publishing House in Beijing, 2000, ISBN 7-80137-315-4[not specific enough to verify][dead link]