Fox Sports (United States)
|Premiered||September 11, 1994|
|Division of||Fox Broadcasting Company|
|Country of origin||United States|
|Headquarters||Los Angeles, California|
|Major broadcasting contracts||Major League Baseball
Big Ten football
Big 12 football
Big East Sports
|Owner||Fox Entertainment Group|
Fox Sports is the programming division of the Fox Broadcasting Company, owned by the Fox Entertainment Group division of 21st Century Fox, that is responsible for sports broadcasts on the network, and its dedicated regional and national sports cable channels. It was formed in 1994 with Fox's acquisition of broadcast rights to National Football League games. In subsequent years, it has televised the National Hockey League (1994–1999), Major League Baseball (1996–present), NASCAR (2001–present), Bowl Championship Series (2007–2010), the USGA Championships (starting in 2015), and the FIFA World Cup (starting in 2018).
- 1 History
- 2 Cable channels
- 3 Regional sports coverage
- 4 Graphics, scoring bugs and theme music
- 5 High-definition coverage
- 6 Public service
- 7 Programming issues
- 8 Programs throughout the years
- 9 Technological enhancements
- 10 Notable personalities
- 11 Presidents
- 12 Notes and references
- 13 See also
- 14 External links
When Fox launched in April 1987, the network's management, having seen sports programming (in particular, soccer events) play a critical role in the growth of the British satellite service BSkyB, determined that sports would be the type of programming that would ascend Fox to a major network status the quickest; as a result, Fox tried to attract a professional football package to the network. In 1987, after ABC initially hedged on renewing its contract with the National Football League (NFL) for the television rights to Monday Night Football, Fox made an offer for the package at the same price that ABC had been paying at the time, about $13 million per game. However, partly due to the fact that Fox had not established itself as a major network, the NFL decided to renew its contract with ABC, keeping what was the crown jewel of the league's television broadcasts on that network (where it remained until 2006, when MNF moved to sister network ESPN as part of a contract that also saw NBC gain the Sunday Night Football package).
Six years later, as the league's television contracts for both divisions and for the Sunday and Monday primetime football packages were up for renewal, Fox placed a bid for $1.58 billion to obtain the broadcast rights to the National Football Conference. On December 17, 1993, the NFL selected Fox's bid and signed a four-year contract with the network to award it the rights to televise NFC regular season and playoff games, beginning with the 1994 season; the initial contract also included the exclusive U.S. television rights to broadcast Super Bowl XXXI in 1997. The deal stripped CBS of football telecasts for the first time since 1955.
Fox also lured commentators Pat Summerall, John Madden, Dick Stockton, Matt Millen, James Brown and Terry Bradshaw as well as many behind-the-scenes production personnel from CBS Sports to staff the network's NFL coverage. In order to bolster viewership for the NFL telecasts, Fox parent News Corporation (which would spin-off Fox and its other television properties to 21st Century Fox in July 2013) decided to strike affiliation deals with broadcasting companies that owned stations affiliated with ABC, NBC and CBS in order to raise the profile of Fox's affiliate body, which at the time mainly consisted of UHF stations that (with some exceptions) had little to no prior history as a major network affiliate, had weaker signals and largely did not carry as much value with advertisers as the Big Three's affiliates. During the late spring and summer of 1994, Fox reached separate agreements with New World Communications (a media company controlled by investor Ronald Perelman, which Fox would purchase in July 1996) and SF Broadcasting (a joint venture between Fox and Savoy Pictures that purchased four stations from Burnham Broadcasting in 1994) to switch a total of sixteen stations to Fox between September 1994 and September 1996. The NFL television rights and affiliation deals firmly established Fox as the nation's fourth major network. The network's relationship with the NFL expanded in 1997, when it began airing games from NFL Europe, which ended when the European league folded in 2005.
With a sports division now established, Fox decided to seek broadcast rights agreements with other major sports leagues. On September 9, 1994, Fox was awarded the broadcast television rights to the National Hockey League in a $155 million bid (amounting to $31 million annually); as a result, it became the first broadcast network to be awarded a national television contract to carry NHL games, which longtime NHL Commissioner John Ziegler had long thought to be unattainable (NHL games were not aired regularly on a national broadcast network – outside of select championship and All-Star games, and time buy basis airings of ESPN telecasts on ABC from 1992 to 1994 – since NBC's telecast of the 1975 Stanley Cup Finals, as networks were not willing to commit to broadcasting a large number of games due to low viewership). Again, Fox outbid CBS, which wanted the rights as a result of losing the NFL to Fox, for the NHL package. Fox lost the NHL rights to ABC Sports and ESPN in 1999.
On November 7, 1995, Fox was awarded partial broadcast rights to Major League Baseball games, in a shared deal with NBC (which had carried the Major League Baseball on NBCleague's telecasts since 1947). Through the deal, which Fox paid a fraction of the amount ($115 million) that CBS did to obtain the rights effective with the 1990 season, Fox would broadcast approximately 16 regular season Saturday afternoon games per season (unlike the previous Baseball Network deal between NBC and CBS) and offered different game broadcasts shown on a regionalized basis (usually up to three per week). As part of a six-year renewal of this deal – valued at US$2.5 billion – in September 2000, Fox Sports became the exclusive over-the-air broadcaster of Major League Baseball, giving it the exclusive rights of the World Series beginning with the 2000 edition, as well as rights to the All-Star Game, select Division Series games and exclusive coverage of the League Championship Series. Under a clause in the contract (which has not been exercised as there has not been a labor dispute during the term of rights while Fox Sports has held the contract), if some of the scheduled games were cancelled by a strike or lockout, Fox would still pay Major League Baseball for a full slate of annual games, while the league in turn had to compensate Fox with additional telecasts.
In 1998, Fox obtained the broadcast rights to the Cotton Bowl Classic college football game; the game aired on Fox until 2014, with ESPN assuming the rights beginning with the 2015 game, adding it the five other bowl games comprising the College Football Playoff system that ESPN already broadcast, under a twelve-year deal worth over $7.3 billion.
On November 11, 1999, NASCAR awarded Fox and sister cable channel FX the partial television rights to its races (as part of a four-network deal, valued at $2.4 billion, that also included NBC and TBS; the latter's rights were later assumed by TNT) starting with the 2001 season, with Fox and FX alternating coverage of all races held during the first half of the season (NBC and TNT would air all races held during the second half). The deal also included alternating coverage of the preeminent Daytona 500 race, with Fox televising it in odd-numbered years and NBC airing it in even-numbered years through 2006, with the opposing network airing the Pepsi 400 instead. The rights later extended to sister motorsports-oriented cable network Speed Channel in October 2002, when it bought out ESPN's contract to televise the Camping World Truck Series races. Through a 2006 contract renewal, Fox became the exclusive U.S. broadcaster of the Daytona 500. In partnership with Speed, Fox has also broadcast the start of the Rolex 24 at Daytona and select Formula One races produced by Speed beginning in 2007, and also carries two Camping World Truck Series races per season transferred from Speed, produced under the NASCAR on Fox brand.
In 2007, Fox began airing most of the games that were part of the Bowl Championship Series, including the BCS Championship Game (although due to a separate arrangement between ABC and the Pasadena Tournament of Roses Association, events in the series that were held at the Rose Bowl stadium – such as the Rose Bowl Game and the 2010 BCS Championship – were excluded), in a deal worth close to $20 million per game. ESPN assumed the BCS rights beginning in 2010.
In 2011, Fox Sports signed a deal with the NCAA, allowing FX to broadcast a Saturday "game of the week" featuring games from the Pac-12, the Big 12 and Conference USA football conferences (the rights to which were later assumed by Fox and Fox Sports 1); Fox also signed deals to carry two new championship games created through conference realignments that occurred in 2010 and 2011: the Big Ten Conference Championship through 2016 (as part of Fox Sports' involvement with the Big Ten Network), and the Pac-12 Championship through 2017 (on an alternating basis with ESPN). In 2010, Fox began aired the final of the UEFA Champions League, marking the network's first ever soccer broadcast.
In August 2011, Fox Sports announced it had reached a seven-year broadcast agreement with the Ultimate Fighting Championship, ending the mixed martial arts promotion's relationship with Spike. The deal included the rights to broadcast four live events in prime time or late night annually, as well as other UFC programming that would air on various Fox properties, including the Fox network (which aired its first UFC match in November 2011, the first time that the UFC aired an event on broadcast television), FX and Fuel TV. Fox previously carried events from UFC competitor International Fight League in 2007 on its sister network-turned-programming service MyNetworkTV under a time-buy arrangement until that organization was purchased by UFC; however no MyNetworkTV involvement was announced under the current UFC agreement.
In addition to the broadcast division, Fox owns numerous regional and national cable sports channels in the United States, which include:
- Fox Sports Networks (FSN) – a chain of regional sports networks
- Fox Sports 1 – a national general sports network, which presents a wide variety of sports programming.
- Fox Sports 2 – a national general sports network, which serves as a counterpart to FS1.
- Big Ten Network – a joint venture with the Big Ten Conference, airing various sporting events and programs surrounding its member schools.
- Fox Soccer Plus – a subscription-based sports network (originating as a spin-off of the now-defunct Fox Soccer), which broadcasts domestic and international soccer, including the UEFA Champions League among other competitions.
- Fox College Sports – a slate of three cable channels (Atlantic, Central and Pacific) produced by regional Fox Sports Networks, which airs additional college sports content from across the country.
- Fox Deportes – a Spanish-language network, which airs coverage of UEFA Champions League, as well as the FIFA Beach Soccer World Cup and the F.A. Cup. It also presents Spanish-language coverage of the Major League Baseball Game of the Week, the All Star Game, and the World Series, as well as division and league playoffs.
2013 cable reorganization
National all-sports network: Fox Sports 1
Fox Sports Media Group formally announced the replacement of Speed with Fox Sports 1 on March 5, 2013, with a target launch date slated for August 17. The network airs content from Major League Baseball, the UFC, NASCAR, soccer (including the FIFA World Cup) and multiple college sports events (including owning rights to Big East basketball and its annual postseason basketball tournament at Madison Square Garden). As a competitor to ESPN's SportsCenter, the network created Fox Sports Live, described as a "24/7 news franchise providing around-the-clock coverage through regularly scheduled programs, hourly updates and an information-rich ticker that provides a network agnostic sports event television schedule." Notable personalities on FS1 include Regis Philbin, Mike Tyson, Michael Strahan, Erin Andrews, as well as many other Fox Sports personalities. On August 17, 2013, with little advanced promotion, the extreme sports-focused Fuel TV was rebranded as Fox Sports 2, a companion network serving primarily as an overflow channel for Fox Sports 1, along with providing supplementary sports coverage. The networks launched on August 17, 2013.
Closure of Fox Soccer
On September 2, 2013, Fox Soccer was replaced by FXX, an entertainment-based sister network to FX with a focus on comedy programming. With the concurrent shutdown and replacement of the network, Fox Soccer's sports programming was shifted over to Fox Sports 1 and Fox Sports 2. As a result, outside of very rare sports conflicts on both Fox Sports networks, FX no longer carries any sports programming. Fox Soccer's companion premium service, Fox Soccer Plus, continues to exist and supplements soccer coverage on Fox Sports 1 and Fox Sports 2.
Regional sports coverage
Fox Sports Networks operates as a slate of regional sports networks with broadcasting agreements that follow league market distribution rules. For example, cable and satellite subscribers in Kansas City, Missouri receive Kansas City Royals games on Fox Sports Midwest, while viewers in Milwaukee, Wisconsin see Milwaukee Brewers games on Fox Sports Wisconsin. The regionalized coverage frequently restricts broadcasts of live sporting events outside of a team's home market. The regional networks also air team, conference or other regionally based analysis and biographical programming, as well as some common national programming.
Graphics, scoring bugs and theme music
The graphics and scoring bugs used by Fox Sports have won awards and changed the face of sports broadcasting in the United States. The opening notes of the NFL broadcast theme can be heard in every iteration of other themes used on Fox Sports broadcasts. Originally, when the scoring bugs are upgraded, the previous versions were retained for one of the division's other properties for about a year; however, this practice ended in 2009. The first score bug was used for Fox's NFL coverage, then was expanded to baseball and hockey broadcasts.
One segment of the theme, coincidentally or otherwise, echoes the notes for the "giddyup, giddyup, giddyup, let's go" line from the Leroy Anderson-composed song, Sleigh Ride. Yet, the rhythm of that segment of both tunes is similar to that of the first four bars of both the first and second figures of the Johann Strauss Sr.-composed Radetzky March, which itself is similar to that of the finale of Giachino Rossini's overture to his opera William Tell. During Christmas-season broadcasts, Fox Sports broadcasts will sometimes acknowledge this fact by seguéing from the one tune into the other as they break for a commercial.
Beginning in October 2010, the NFL broadcast theme became uniform for all Fox Sports properties beginning with the that year's National League Championship Series and NASCAR races with the 2011 Budweiser Shootout. It is yet unknown if this includes the Fox Sports Networks affiliates, as their basketball, hockey, baseball and college football broadcasts continue to use their own disctint theme music.
By 2001, the score bug became a banner at the top of the screen and was simpler than the version used today. It was first utilized on Fox's NASCAR coverage that year with a new updated graphics package that was based on the 1998 design; the banner and updated graphics were then utilized on the network's Major League Baseball and NFL telecasts. It featured a translucent black rectangle, a baseball diamond graphic for baseball broadcasts on the far left, the team abbreviations in white with their scores in yellow boxes (the boxes were white for NFL broadcasts until Super Bowl XXXVI, when the boxes became yellow), then the quarter or inning, time or number of outs, pitch count/speed (used for baseball broadcasts), and the logo of the Fox Sports event property whose game is being telecast (such as NFL on Fox or MLB on Fox) on the far right.
Beginning with the 2003 NFL season, the banner was upgraded as part of a new graphics package. At first, the team abbreviations were replaced with the team logos, and the scores were white in black parallelograms. Unlike the previous version, the FoxBox would alternate between a black rectangle and several black parallelograms; however, it returned to being a black rectangle beginning with the 2004 NFL season, and the team logos would later be replaced with the team abbreviations in their primary colors (the colorized team abbreviations would first be utilized on postseason baseball broadcasts that year). Whenever a team scores a point or a run, the team's score and logo would flash a few times. During baseball broadcasts, the entire banner would flash, with the words "HOME RUN" and the team's name in the team's color zooming in to the center from both left and right. In late 2005, a new white banner resembling a chrome finish was introduced, and the team abbreviations became rendered in white letters in the team's main color; the new banner would then be expanded to NFL and NASCAR broadcasts.
The baseball broadcasts continued to use the 2001 scoring banners and graphics in 2004 until the network's coverage of that year's postseason.
Beginning with the 2006 NFL season, the scoring banner was upgraded again. This time, it featured the real-time scores as a permanent fixture on the extreme right side of the bar, while the coloring of the banner changed to the colors of the team currently possessing the ball (the coloring of the banner was seen only on football broadcasts). The banner no longer flashes after runs, touchdowns, or field goals have been scored. During baseball broadcasts, the diamond graphic appeared in middle-justification and was slimmed down to just the three main bases, unlike other implements which included home plate. This banner, after first being used for NFL broadcasts in 2006, was eventually expanded to Bowl Championship Series, NASCAR and baseball broadcasts; the baseball broadcasts, however, continued to use the late-2005 scoring banners and graphics in 2007. In 2008, NASCAR on Fox introduced a new camera embedded between turns 1 and 2 on the various tracks; it was soon called "Digger Cam" and a mascot gopher was unveiled along with it. For the 2009 season, Fox's baseball broadcasts dropped the 2006 graphics package entirely and adopted the new Fox Sports Net graphics, which had debuted on baseball broadcasts across FSN's affiliates that season. These were later re-positioned for widescreen in July 2010 when all of Fox Sports' high definition programming began to be presented completely in the 16:9 aspect ratio and letterboxed on standard definition feeds relayed to pay television providers.
At the beginning of the 2010 NFL pre-season, Fox debuted a new graphics package for its football coverage – an upgraded version of the 2006 design with a "much more colorful 3D look." The new graphics also marked a migration to Vizrt hardware for CG, providing producers with a more streamlined workflow for graphics. The new design would be rolled out for Fox's racing coverage and the Speed network in 2011, at the start of the 2011 MLB season (where both Fox and the FSN networks would begin using it as well, excluding SportSouth games simulcast by WPCH-TV and Root Sports – which used the previous FSN appearance), and on Fox Soccer.
Starting with the 2010 National League Championship Series, Fox began using its football theme music for its Major League Baseball broadcasts, to the confusion and dismay of some viewers. Division president Eric Shanks gave a rationale for the change, stating that the NFL theme music was more energetic than the previous music, and then announced that the NFL theme would now be used for all Fox Sports telecasts.
A new graphics package for Fox Sports broadcasts was introduced for Fox's NASCAR coverage leading up to the 2014 Daytona 500. Fox Sports Midwest producer Max Leinwand described the look as being "cleaner" than the previous design. The design has also been used to introduce new design conventions for some of Fox's graphics; for NASCAR, the running order ticker was replaced by a leaderboard-style display that was initially displayed as a vertical sidebar, while MLB coverage now uses a scoreboard positioned in the bottom-left of the screen instead of the top-left.
For Super Bowl XXXVI in 2002, Fox Sports produced its first telecast in a 16:9, 480p enhanced-definition format marketed as "Fox Widescreen"; while promoted as having better quality than standard definition, and being the first U.S. sporting event produced completely in a widescreen format, it was not true high definition, but still matched the aspect ratio of HDTV sets.
Fox Sports began producing selected events in 720p high definition, starting on July 3, 2004 with the Pepsi 400, select NFL games, the 2004 Major League Baseball All-Star Game, and that year's postseason. Fox would produce more telecasts in HD during the years following, but still fell back on 480p widescreen when needed for a period.
As of late July 2010, all sports programming broadcast by Fox networks began transitioning to a format optimized for 16:9 widescreen displays, with graphics framed within a widescreen safe area rather than the 4:3 safe area, intended to be shown in a letterboxed format on standard definition displays. As a result, most Fox stations send the AFD #10 broadcast flag over the studio-to-headend feeds they distribute to cable providers to present the network's sports telecasts in a letterboxed format to allow graphics to be visible to viewers watching the station's standard definition feed on 4:3 sets (many Fox stations also transmit the network's entertainment programming, as well as local news and syndicated programming if available in HD, in this manner).
In February 2008, Fox Sports announced a new charitable foundation called Fox Supports, which will give grants and marketing support for health-related causes. Each organization is tied to a specific events package seen on Fox Sports.
The following are the charities supported during the history of the program:
2008-09 cycle (began with 2008 Daytona 500)
- NASCAR on Fox: Autism Speaks
- MLB on Fox: Make-a-Wish Foundation
- NFL on Fox: Children's Health Fund
- BCS on Fox: Alzheimer's Association
2009-10 cycle (began with 2009 Daytona 500)
- NASCAR on Fox: Susan J. Komen for the Cure
- MLB on Fox: Michael J. Fox Foundation for Parkinson's Research
- NFL on Fox: City of Hope
- BCS on Fox: Malaria No More
Although the amount of sports content on the network has gradually expanded since Fox Sports was founded in 1994, Fox's sports schedule on weekend afternoons has remained very inconsistent to this day as the majority of its sports contracts are with professional leagues and collegiate conferences associated with more widely known sporting events, with very limited supplementary coverage of amateur, extreme or winter sports (unlike NBC or CBS) that can be aired during the daytime even when major events are not broadcast – leaving absences in daytime sports coverage on either a Saturday, a Sunday or both on certain weeks. Syndicated programming (either in the form of feature films, series or both) and/or infomercials scheduled by the network's owned-and-operated stations and affiliates, as well as occasional Fox Sports-produced specials and Fox-supplied preview specials for upcoming primetime shows fill Fox stations' weekend afternoon schedules on days with limited to no sports programming.
Some of the network's sports telecasts (most frequently, college football and Sunday afternoon NFL games, and the World Series) delay or outright pre-empt regularly scheduled local evening newscasts on Fox stations due to typical overruns past a set time block or pre-determined later start times; a few Fox affiliates that maintain news departments (such as WBRC in Birmingham, Alabama and WVUE-DT in New Orleans) have opted not to air or have cancelled early evening newscasts on Saturdays and Sundays due to frequent sports preemptions in that daypart, while others (such as WDAF-TV in Kansas City, Missouri) instead reschedule their weekend early evening news programs to an earlier timeslot if possible when Fox has an evening game or race is scheduled.
As is done with CBS, Fox offers a flex schedule for its NFL, NCAA and Major League Baseball telecasts, featuring a selection of up to four games that vary on a regional basis, allowing either one or (often) two consecutive telecasts to air on a given day depending on the Fox station's designated market.
Programs throughout the years
Current broadcast rights
- NFL on Fox (1994–present)
- Major League Baseball on Fox (1996–present)
- NASCAR on Fox (2001–present)
- Fox College Football (2011–present)
- Fox College Hoops (2013–present)
- USGA Championships (2015–future)
- Franklin Templeton Shootout (2014–present)
- FIFA World Cup (2018 and 2022)
- FIFA Women's World Cup (2015 and 2019)
- FIFA Confederations Cup (2017 and 2021)
- UEFA Champions League (2010–present)
- Major League Soccer (2015–future)
- U.S. Men's National Soccer Team (2015–future)
- Copa Libertadores (2014–present)
- UFC on Fox (2011–present)
- MotoGP (2014–present)
- Monster Jam (2014–present)
Former broadcast rights
- NHL on Fox (1994–1999)
- NFL Europe (1997–2005)
- Horse Racing (1998–2000)
- Cotton Bowl Classic (1999–2014)
- BCS on Fox (2007–2010)
- Formula One (2007–2012)
- Premier League (2011–2013)
Future broadcast rights
- Bundesliga (beginning in 2015)
- NFL on Fox – Joe Buck, Kenny Albert, Thom Brennaman, Dick Stockton, Chris Myers, Kevin Burkhardt, Sam Rosen, Gus Johnson
- MLB on Fox – Joe Buck, Matt Vasgersian, Thom Brennaman, Kenny Albert, Dick Stockton, Justin Kutcher
- NASCAR on Fox – Mike Joy
- College Football on Fox – Gus Johnson, Tim Brando, Craig Bolerjack
- Fox College Hoops – Gus Johnson, Tim Brando
- Golf on Fox – Joe Buck
- NFL on Fox – Terry Bradshaw, Howie Long, Jimmy Johnson, Michael Strahan, Mike Pereira, Troy Aikman, Daryl Johnston, John Lynch, Charles Davis, Donovan McNabb, Ephraim Salaam, Trevor Pryce
- MLB on Fox – Harold Reynolds, Tom Verducci, John Smoltz, Eric Karros, Frank Thomas, Gabe Kapler, C.J. Nitkowski
- NASCAR on Fox – Darrell Waltrip, Larry McReynolds, Michael Waltrip, Jeff Hammond (roving reporter/analyst)
- College Football on Fox – Eddie George, Joey Harrington, Charles Davis, Joel Klatt, Petros Papadakis, Eric Crouch, Darius Walker
- Fox College Hoops – Bill Raftery
- Fox Soccer – Warren Barton, Eric Wynalda, Brian McBride, Cobi Jones
- Golf on Fox – Greg Norman, Corey Pavin, Steve Flesch, Brad Faxon
- NFL on Fox – Erin Andrews, Jay Glazer, Pam Oliver, Rob Riggle, Tony Siragusa
- Major League Baseball on Fox – Erin Andrews, Chris Myers, Ken Rosenthal
- NASCAR on Fox – Steve Byrnes, Jeff Hammond, Krista Voda, Matt Yocum
- College Football on Fox – Chris Myers
- NFL on Fox – Curt Menefee, Joel Klatt
- UFC on Fox – Jay Glazer, Karyn Bryant
- Major League Baseball on Fox – Kevin Burkhardt
- NASCAR on Fox – Chris Myers, Adam Alexander
- College Football on Fox – Rob Stone, Erin Andrews
- Fox Soccer – Rob Stone
- Fox Sports Live – Jay Onrait, Dan O'Toole, Charissa Thompson, Don Bell
- NFL on Fox – Pat Summerall, Ron Pitts
- NHL on Fox – Mike Emrick, Pat Foley, Sam Rosen
- Major League Baseball on Fox – Chip Caray
- NFL on Fox – Cris Collinsworth, John Madden, Matt Millen, Bill Maas, Chad Pennington, Brian Billick, Tim Ryan
- NHL on Fox – John Davidson, Joe Micheletti
- Major League Baseball on Fox – Bob Brenly, Steve Lyons, Tim McCarver
- NFL on Fox – James Brown
- NHL on Fox – James Brown, Suzy Kolber
- Major League Baseball on Fox – Keith Olbermann, Jeanne Zelasko, Chris Rose
Notes and references
- CBS, NBC Battle for AFC Rights // Fox Steals NFC Package, Chicago Sun-Times (via HighBeam Research), December 18, 1993.
- Carter, Bill (May 24, 1994). "FOX WILL SIGN UP 12 NEW STATIONS; TAKES 8 FROM CBS". The New York Times. Retrieved October 22, 2012.
- Foisie, Geoffrey. "Fox and the New World order." Broadcasting and Cable, May 30, 1994, pp. 6, 8. Retrieved February 13, 2013.
- Lowry, Brian (July 18, 1996). "New World Vision : Murdoch's News Corp. to Buy Broadcast Group". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved June 22, 2012.
- Richard Sandomir (September 10, 1994). "Fox Outbids CBS for N.H.L. Games". The New York Times. Retrieved March 20, 2008.
- Steve Simmons (September 30, 1994). "The Commish is not to blame". Calgary Sun.
- "ESPN to televise college football playoff in 12-year deal". ESPN. April 24, 2013. Retrieved April 26, 2013.
- John Ourand and Michael Smith (November 9, 2012). "ESPN homes in on 12-year BCS package". Sports Business Daily. Retrieved July 24, 2013.
- "NASCAR Pulls Into Prime Time". Forbes. October 7, 2003.
- Steven Zeitchik (December 28, 2007). "Fox faces BCS contract challenges". The Hollywood Reporter.
- Chris Dufresne (June 13, 2009). "Rose Bowl game moving to ESPN in 2011". Los Angeles Times.
- Jon Lafayette (March 27, 2011). "FX Tackles College Football". Broadcasting & Cable. Retrieved March 27, 2011.
- "Fox To Air New Big Ten Football Championship Game - Broadcaster Secures Rights To Conference's Title Tilt From 2011-16". Multichannel News. November 17, 2010.
- "ESPN, Fox Tie Up Pac-12 Rights For $3 Billion: Reports". Multichannel News. Retrieved September 8, 2012.
- "FOX Sports Broadcasts UEFA Champions League Final on May 22 - Ratings". TVbytheNumbers. 2010-02-10. Retrieved 2013-03-28.
- Whitman, Mike. "UFC, Fox Announce 7-Year Broadcast Deal". Sherdog.com. Retrieved 18 August 2011.
- "It’s Official: UFC and Fox Are Now in Business Together". MMAWeekly.com. August 18, 2011. Retrieved 2011-08-18.
- Baysinger, Tim (August 7, 2013). "Fox Sports Reaches Rights Deal for Golf's U.S. Open". Broadcasting & Cable. Retrieved August 7, 2013.
- "Fox Sports announces Fox Sports 1". Retrieved 5 March 2013.
- "Fox Sports Media Group Gives Rise To Fox Sports 1, A New National Multi-Sport Network (Press Release)". Fox Sports. Retrieved 5 March 2013.
- Fox Reveals Details of New National Sports Network, Variety, March 5, 2013.
- Pishna, Ken (August 6, 2013). "Fuel TV Re-Brands as Fox Sports 2, Launches Alongside Fox Sports 1; Will Still Feature UFC". MMA Weekly. Retrieved August 11, 2013.
- "Fox Soccer to shut down and make way for youth network FXX". London: The Guardian. 28 March 2013. Retrieved 29 March 2013.
- "Fox Sports moves from Chyron to Vizrt". NewscastStudio. Retrieved 17 August 2012.
- "FOX Goes to Musical Bullpen for MLB Playoffs". AOL. October 26, 2010.
- "Media Views: McLaughlin's role expanded on Cards broadcasts". St. Louis Post-Dispatch. Retrieved 29 March 2014.
- "Fox Sports plans to alter new race graphics". NASCAR.com. Retrieved 22 February 2014.
- "FOX Sports to Present Super Bowl XXXVI In FOX Widescreen". Creativemac.digitalmedianet.com. 2002-01-07. Retrieved 2013-03-28.
- Drawbaugh, Ben. "Fox Widescreen is not HD!". Engadget.
- "FOX Sports to offer NFL, NASCAR, MLB coverage in HDTV". Broadcast Engineering. Retrieved 13 March 2013.
- Wolfley, Bob. "Fox Sports taking a wider view of football". Journal Sentinel.
- "Fox Sports launches Fox Sports Supports". Fox Sports.
- "FOX SPORTS MEDIA GROUP REACHES LONG-TERM RIGHTS AGREEMENT WITH NATIONAL FOOTBALL LEAGUE". Fox Sports Media Group. Retrieved 20 November 2012.
- "FOX SPORTS MEDIA GROUP REACHES EIGHT-YEAR MULTIPLATFORM RIGHTS AGREEMENT WITH MLB". Fox Sports Media Group. Retrieved 20 November 2012.
- "NASCAR and FOX Sports Media Group Reach Expansive Multi-Year, Multi-Platform Rights Agreement". Fox Sports Media Group. Retrieved 20 November 2012.
- "Fox picks up Big East basketball for 12 years". Reuters. March 20, 2013.
- "FOX Sports announces major executive reorganization". Fox Sports. Fox Sports Interactive Media, LLC. May 26, 2010. Retrieved 15 May 2012.
- List of Fox Sports announcers
- NFL on television
- Fox Broadcasting Company
- Fox Sports Radio
- Fox Sports (Australia)
- Fox Sports (Brazil)
- Fox Sports Asia