Foxhall A. Parker, Jr.
Parker was appointed a midshipman 11 March 1837. He was attached to the West Indian Squadron, and later transferred to the Philadelphia Naval School, where he graduated in 1843. In 1842, he served under his father, Foxhall A. Parker, Sr., in Constitution. He also served under his father in Brandywine. On 21 September 1850 he was commissioned lieutenant. He served against the Florida Indians, on the Great Lakes, the Mediterranean, the Pacific, and on various coast surveys.
From 1861 to 1862, he was executive officer of the navy yard at Washington, D.C. During the Civil War, he cooperated with the Army of the Potomac, protecting Alexandria, Virginia, after the First Battle of Bull Run. His capable manipulation of the forces at his command went far toward restoring order and confidence at Washington. He built Fort Dahlgren, and drilled 2,000 seamen in the exercise of artillery and small arms, thereby promoting the success of Admiral Andrew H. Foote's operations with the Mississippi Flotilla.
He became commander on 16 July 1862, had charge of the steam gunboat Mahaska in active service off Wilmington and Yorktown, and of the gunboat Wabash off Charleston from June to September 1863. He commanded a naval battery at the bombardment of Fort Sumter. Later, until the close of the war, he commanded the Potomac Flotilla, which consisted at one time of 42 vessels, and frequently engaged Confederate forces.
In 1866, he received the rank of captain. In 1872, as commodore and chief of staff of the North Atlantic Fleet, he drew up a code of signals for steam tactics. In 1877/8 he was in charge of the Boston Navy Yard. He became superintendent of the United States Naval Academy in 1878 and was one of the founders of the United States Naval Institute.
Textbooks for the U.S. Naval Academy:
- Fleet Tactics Under Steam (1863)
- Squadron Tactics under Steam (1863)
- The Naval Howitzer Afloat (1865)
- The Naval Howitzer Ashore (1865)
- The Fleets of the World: the Galley Period (1876)
- The Battle of Mobile Bay (1878)
Two ships have been named USS Parker for him.
|This article does not cite any references or sources. (April 2013)|
- This article incorporates text from the public domain Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships.
- Wilson, James Grant; Fiske, John, eds. (1900). "Parker, Foxhall Alexander". Appletons' Cyclopædia of American Biography. New York: D. Appleton.
- "Parker, Foxhall Alexander". New International Encyclopedia. 1905.
- Rines, George Edwin, ed. (1920). "Parker, Foxhall Alexander". Encyclopedia Americana.
- Photo of Parker
Christopher R.P. Rodgers
|Superintendent of United States Naval Academy
George B. Balch