Fragaria cascadensis

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Fragaria cascadensis
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Rosales
Family: Rosaceae
Genus: Fragaria
Species: F. cascadensis
Binomial name
Fragaria cascadensis
K.E.Hummer

Fragaria cascadensis is a recently discovered species of strawberry (Fragaria), found in the Cascades Mountains.

Description[edit]

It is a perennial, with the typical white flowers of its genus. It differs from other strawberry species by having hairs on the upper side of its leaves,as opposed to the underside or not present at all and a different middle leaflet. It begins growing after snow melt ( May or early June in that region), flowers are born around early July and fruit ripens during August for about 2 weeks.[1] The fruits are about 1 cm wide, with soft flesh and a white interior.[2]

Distribution[edit]

The strawberry is in the Oregon Cascades Mountains from the Columbia River to Crater Lake, at elevations of about 3,000 feet up to tree line. It grows in sandy-clay loam soil of volcanic origin located in forest clearings and open alpine meadows.[1]

Cultivation[edit]

This species is not yet in cultivation.[2]

Commercial Value[edit]

Although this species is a decaploid, unlike the octoploid common strawberry, it can be hybridized with Fragaria iturupensis, Fragaria × vescana,[1] Fragaria × Comarum hybrids or Fragaria × bringhurstii (although with chromosome doubling)[citation needed] should produce fertile offspring, which may reveal new flavors or genetic disease resistance.[1]

Ploidy[edit]

This species is a decaploid. See Fragaria.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Durham, Sharon. "New Strawberry Species Found in Oregon". United States Department of Agriculture. Retrieved 2013-12-12. 
  2. ^ a b Diep, Francie (December 7, 2013). "New Wild Strawberry Species Discovered". Popular Science. Retrieved December 12, 2013.