Fraiburgo

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Fraiburgo
Municipality
The Municipality of Fraiburgo
View of Maria Frey Square, downtown Fraiburgo.
View of Maria Frey Square, downtown Fraiburgo.
Flag of Fraiburgo
Flag
Official seal of Fraiburgo
Seal
Nickname(s): Frai
Location in the State of Santa Catarina
Location in the State of Santa Catarina
Location of Fraiburgo
Coordinates: 27°01′33″S 50°55′15″W / 27.02583°S 50.92083°W / -27.02583; -50.92083
Country  Brazil
Region South
State Bandeira de Santa Catarina.svg Santa Catarina
Founded December 19, 1961[1]
Government
 • Mayor Nelmar Pinz
Area
 • Municipality 547,854 km2 (211,015 sq mi)
Elevation 1,048 m (3,437.44 ft)
Population (2008)
 • Municipality 36,170
 • Density 938.9/km2 (2,432/sq mi)
 • Urban 30,914
 • Rural 5,977
Time zone UTC-3 (UTC-3)
 • Summer (DST) UTC-2 (UTC-2)
HDI (2000) 0.779 – medium
Website Fraiburgo, Santa Catarina

Fraiburgo (nicknamed Frai ) is a Brazilian city located in the countryside of the Santa Catarina state. The city is strongly influenced by European immigrants, especially Germans and Italians. However, other nationalities also contributed to the formation of the city's character in terms of e.g.: architecture, gastronomy, religion and economy, amongst other factors. Its multiculturality is a remarkable characteristic not exclusively attributed to Fraiburgo but many other Southern Brazilian towns.

The city is famous in Brazil for the large production of apples which its plantation is favored by the low temperatures in the winter season in the Southern Hemisphere that takes place in July, August and September. Depending on the period of the year tourists can experience first-hand the whole apple production cycle as well other products made from apple such as: cider, juices, snacks and so forth.

Economy[edit]

City Gateway

In the early stages the economy of Fraiburgo's region was based on sawmills.[2] The former dense forests consisted mostly in Brazilian walnuts, Cedars, Cinnamons, Yerba maté, and the exuberant Brazilian Pines.[3] These forests still represent the typical Southern Brazilian landscape in spite of ruthless deforestation in the past decades. A significant turnover in the economy took place due to the shortage of wood, implementation of Brazilian environmental laws and environmental consciousness. As a result, agriculture became the predominant source of wealth alongside the production of paper, cellulose, and furniture derived from extensive reforestation areas. The reforestation projects introduced the Pinus elliottii to the region.

Agriculture[edit]

Apples are the base of Fraiburgo economy, being responsible for 60% of the total state production and 40% of the national production. The city also produces honey in large quantities; there are about 15.000 honeycombs to pollinate 7 million apple trees. Moreover, there are familiar farms that produce corn, beans, garlic, onions, and peaches.

Tourism[edit]

Rural tourism, tourism of adventure, gastronomy.

Climate[edit]

Fraiburgo has Seasoned climate: relatively hot dry summers (November to March) with temperatures reaching up to 35 degrees Celsius (95 degrees Fahrenheit) on the hottest days; winters (June to August) cold mornings, typical maximum daily temperatures of 15 degrees Celsius (59 degrees Fahrenheit), and minimums of a few degrees above freezing. The year average temperature 16,1°C (60.8F) Occasional snowfall occurs in suburbs at higher altitudes, and may extend throughout the city, though this happens infrequently (about every 8–10 years).[1]

Geography[edit]

Its geographical position is 27°01′34″S 50°55′17″W / 27.02611°S 50.92139°W / -27.02611; -50.92139Coordinates: 27°01′34″S 50°55′17″W / 27.02611°S 50.92139°W / -27.02611; -50.92139; its height is approximately 1048 meters above sea level. Currently, its population is around 36.170 according to IBGE[4] estimate. However, this figure fluctuates with the guest workers (10.000) throughout the apple harvest season (From January to April).

Symbols[edit]

Flag[edit]

The municipal flag was instituted by Law nº 303 of 05/09/1977. It was designed by the educators Rui Batagelo and Francisco Costella supported by the professor and vexillologist Antônio Peixoto de Faria. The flag has the colors green, white and yellow. In the center there is the coat of the arms of Fraiburgo (2nd version), representing the municipal government. The green color represents the fields and the harvests. The white color symbolizes the peace, friendship, work, prosperity, pureness, faith. The yellow color represents the industries of the city, generators of wealth [5][6]

Coat of arms[edit]

The coat or arms was created in 1964 in Paris by heraldist Robert Louis on commission of Albert Mahler, an early German-ascent local, and later changed. It refers to Fraiburgo's woods and timber industry (logs and flowers) and St. Catherine's martyrdom tools, for the State's namesake, and includes also storks as supporters standing for Alsatia, whence come the first settlers; cogwheel and apples symbolize Fraiburgo's recent industries.[5][6]

Neighbour cities[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b City Hall website - Prefeitura Municipal de Fraiburgo, [1], Retrieved 27 December 2008
  2. ^ Gloria de Pioneiros (vale do Rio do Peixe) Gentila Porto Lopes
  3. ^ *http://guiacidades.viageiro.com/cidades.php?nome=fraiburgo
  4. ^ "Expected population for 1 July 2008." (PDF). Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística (IBGE). Retrieved 27 December 2008. 
  5. ^ a b Valentin Poposki, 15 February 2006 http://www.crwflags.com/fotw/flags/br-sc-fr.html#flag
  6. ^ a b http://www.fraiburgo.sc.gov.br/site/index.htm

External links[edit]