François Faber

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François Faber
Faber.jpg
Personal information
Full name François Faber
Nickname The Giant of Colombes
Born (1887-01-26)26 January 1887
Aulnay-sur-Iton, France
Died 9 May 1915(1915-05-09) (aged 28)
Height 1.78 m (5 ft 10 in)
Weight 88 kg (194 lb)
Team information
Discipline Road
Role Rider
Professional team(s)
1906–1907
1908
1909–1911
1912
1913
1913–1914
Labor
Peugeot
Alcyon
Automoto
Saphir cycles
Peugeot
Major wins

Grand Tours

Tour de France
General Classification (1909)
19 Stages (1908, 1909, 1910, 1911, 1913, 1914)

One-day races and Classics

Bordeaux–Paris (1911)
Paris–Roubaix (1913)
Paris-Tours (1909, 1910)
Giro di Lombardia (1908)
Infobox last updated on
July, 2012

François Faber (pronounced: [fʁɑ̃.swa fa.be]; 26 January 1887 – 9 May 1915) was a Luxembourgian/French racing cyclist. He was born in France. He was the first foreigner to win the Tour de France in 1909, and his record of winning 5 consecutive stages still stands.[1] He died in World War I while fighting for France.[2]

Origins[edit]

Faber's father, Jean-François, was born in Wiltz, Luxembourg, which gave his son Luxembourg nationality. His mother, Marie-Paule, was born in Lorraine. François Faber had a Luxembourg passport but lived in France and considered himself French. His half-brother was another cyclist, Ernest Paul.[3]

Faber worked as a furniture-remover and as a docker when he raced as an amateur.

Racing career[edit]

Faber was a professional from 1906 to 1914. He won 27 races. His size—1.86 m (6 ft 1 in) and 91 kg (201 lb)—and his suburb of Paris gave him the nickname The Giant of Colombes. He rode for Labor in 1906 and 1907, moved to Peugeot in 1908, then Alcyon from 1909 to 1911. He joined Automoto for 1912 before returning to Peugeot in 1913 and 1914.

He rode the Tour de France for the first time in 1906 but didn't finish and the next year, he came seventh. In 1908 as part of the all-conquering Peugeot team, he finished second, winning four stages.

He dominated the 1909 Tour de France, winning five consecutive stages, which is still a record. The 1909 Tour had the worst weather the race had seen.[4] Fifty riders dropped out in six days when rain, snow, thick mud, frost and deeply rutted, unsurfaced roads dogged the race from 7 to 13 July. The worse things got, the better Faber rode. He led the race alone for 200 km to win the 398 km stage from Roubaix to Metz on the second day.

The third day started at three degrees above freezing and the weather became even worse. The race set off for Belfort and again Faber broke clear going over the Ballon d'Alsace and, after leading alone for 110 km, he finished covered in mud with his main challenger, Gustave Garrigou, 33 minutes behind.

Still the weather got worse as the next stage left at 2am to ride to Lyon. Faber's riding attracted a crowd of 3,000 to see him leave and what was said to be 20,000 to see him finish. He won again after riding the last 62 km alone after a day of potholes and knee-high water. He climbed the col de Porte in a wind that twice blew him off his bike and being knocked down by a horse.[5] His chain broke on the approach to Lyon and he ran a kilometre to the finish, pushing his bike.[6] He won all five stages from Metz to Nice, all of them by himself,[3][4] the final one after attacking Garrigou when he stopped due to a puncture.

At the end of the race, the race official, Alphonse Steinès, asked Faber what he planned to do next. Faber said:

I know an excellent little place to go fishing in the Sens area and that's where I'm going to be from tomorrow onwards. You won't see me again before September, for the classics of the end of the season.[7]

Lucien Petit-Breton said of him:

I told you he'd be head and shoulders better. Not only did he show I was right but he let his pals Garrigou, Alavoine, Duboc and van Hauwaert take the first six places. And he went even further [il a même forcé la note] in giving seventh place to his half-brother! I can still recall when he started, in 1906, with the isolés.[8] He set off from the start with his handlebars up high and he stayed at the back of the group all the time, riding on the wheel of the best riders. He was young, with no confidence in himself. His only wish was to be the last of the isolés to stay with the champions. Sometimes he stopped at a bar and ate his sandwiches as he waited for his 'colleagues', to finish the day in their company, because he didn't like being alone. After last year's Tour, I hadn't any doubts about his immense possibilities.[7]

In the 1910 Tour, Fabor was leading his Alcyon teammate Octave Lapize in the overall general classification when in Stage 7, a collision with dog at the foot of the Pyrenees left him seriously injured. Despite winning the stage at Nîmes, the injury cost him the tour. Lapize attacked and took the tour with a last gasp attack from Faber on the final stage from Caen to Paris ending with a number of puctures.

He continued to compete in the Tour de France with moderate success until his cycling career, like many of his peers, was curtailed with the start of World War I.

Faber won 19 Tour de France stages,[1] Paris–Brussels, Bordeaux–Paris, Sedan-Brussels, Paris–Tours twice, Paris–Roubaix and the Giro di Lombardia.

Death[edit]

Faber joined the French Foreign Legion when the First World War broke out. He was assigned to the 2nd Régiment de Marche of the 1st FFL, at Bayonne on 22 August 1914. He was promoted to corporal. On 9 May 1915, the first day of the Battle of Artois at Carency near Arras he received a telegram saying his wife had given birth to a daughter. One story says that, cheering, he jumped out of the trench and was killed by a German bullet. Another, more commonly accepted, is that he was shot while carrying an injured colleague back from no-man's land during fighting between Carency and Mont-Saint-Éloi. His regiment lost 1,950 of 2,900 in their attack. Faber was posthumously awarded the Médaille militaire.[9]

The GP François Faber, a small race in Luxembourg, is named after him. There is also a plaque in his memory in the church of Notre Dame de Lorette in the French national war cemetery near Arras.

Palmarès[edit]

1908
Tour de France:
Winner stages 3, 4, 8 and 12
2nd place overall classification
Giro di Lombardia
1909
Paris–Tours
Tour de France:
Jersey yellow.svg Winner overall classification
Winner stages 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, and 10
Sedan-Brussels
Paris–Brussels
1910
Paris–Tours
Tour de France:
Winner stages 2, 4 and 7
2nd place overall classification
1911
Tour de France:
Winner stages 3 and 6
Bordeaux–Paris
1913
Paris–Roubaix
Stage 2 Tour of Belgium
Tour de France:
Winner stages 10 and 13
1914
Tour de France:
Winner stages 13 and 14

Grand Tour General Classification results timeline[edit]

1906 1907 1908 1909 1910 1911 1912 1913 1914
Giro N/A N/A N/A DNE DNE DNE DNE DNE DNE
Stages won
Tour DNF-6 7 2 1 2 DNF-12 14 5 9
Stages won 0 0 4 5 3 2 0 2 1
Vuelta N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
Stages won
Legend
1 Winner
2–3 Top three-finish
4–10 Top ten-finish
11– Other finish
DNE Did Not Enter
DNF-x Did Not Finish (retired on stage x)
DSQ Disqualified
N/A Race/classification not held
NR Not Ranked in this classification

External links[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Tour de France, Official site, History archive, Francois Faber
  2. ^ Chany, Pierre (1988), La Fabuleuse Histoire du Tour de France, Nathan, France, p155
  3. ^ a b Chany, Pierre (1988), La Fabuleuse Histoire du Tour de France, Nathan, France, p109
  4. ^ a b Augendre, Jacques (1996), Le Tour, Panorama d'un Siècle, Société du Tour de France, France, p13
  5. ^ McGann, Bill and Carol (2006), The Story of the Tour de France, Dog Ear, USA, p25
  6. ^ He was neither alone nor the least lucky; Henri Alavoine ran the last 10km of the final day with his bike on his shoulder, having damaged it in a fall.
  7. ^ a b Chany, Pierre (1988), La Fabuleuse Histoire du Tour de France, Nathan, France, p110
  8. ^ The Tour in those days was two races in one, the two categories of rider being supposed to have nothing to do with each other; the isolés were the junior class.
  9. ^ Journal Officiel, France, 24 May 1922