April 26, 1956 |
François Schuiten was born in Brussels, Belgium in 1956. His father, Robert Schuiten, and his mother, Marie-Madeleine De Maeyer, were both architects. He has five brothers and sisters, one of whom is also an architect.
During his studies at the Saint-Luc Institute in Brussels (1975–1977), he met Claude Renard, who led the comics department at the school. Together they created several books. Schuiten's brother Luc also worked with him several times as a writer for the series Terres Creuses.
Schuiten published his first comic on 3 May 1973, consisting of 5 black and white pages in the Franco-Belgian comics magazine Pilote; four years later he was published in the more experimental magazine Métal Hurlant.
His love of architecture became apparent in the series Cities of the Fantastic, an evocation of fantastic, partly imaginary cities that he created with his friend Benoît Peeters from 1983 for the Belgian monthly comics magazine (À Suivre). Every story focuses on one city or building, and further explores a world where architects, urbanists, and ultimately "urbatects", are the leading powers and architecture is the driving force behind society. Styles explored in the series include stalinistic and fascist architecture in La Fièvre d'Urbicande, skyscrapers in Brüsel, but also the gothic cathedrals in La Tour. This fascination with architecture and the possible and impossible cities it can generate is further explored in The Gates of the Possible, a weekly series Schuiten created for the newspapers Le Soir and De Morgen in 2005.
Inspired by artists and scientists alike, Schuiten's work can be considered to mix the mysterious worlds of René Magritte, the early scientific fantasies of Jules Verne, the graphical worlds of M. C. Escher and Gustave Doré, and the architectural visions of Victor Horta and Étienne-Louis Boullée. The creative synergy between Schuiten's work and the books of Jules Verne culminated in 1994 when he was asked to illustrate and design a cover for the publication of Verne's rediscovered book Paris in the Twentieth Century.
He also collaborated with Maurice Benayoun on the computer graphics series Quarxs, and worked as a production designer for a few movies: Gwendoline by Just Jaeckin, Mr. Nobody and Toto le héros by Jaco Van Dormael, Taxandria by Raoul Servais, The Golden Compass by Chris Weitz and Mars et Avril by Martin Villeneuve. He is currently working with Benoît Sokal and Martin Villeneuve on the script of Aquarica, a film that will use CGI and motion capture technology.
As a scenographer, he designed the metro stations of Porte de Hal in Brussels and Arts et Métiers in Paris, and a mural in Brussels. In 2000, he designed the scenography for A planet of visions, one of the main pavilions of the Hannover World's Fair, which attracted more than five million visitors. In 2004-2005, a large exhibition was held in Leuven, The Gates of Utopia, showing different aspects of his work. He also created the interior of the Belgian pavilion at the Expo 2005 in Aichi, Japan with the painter Alexandre Obolensky. François Schuiten has also designed 15 Belgian stamps.
François Schuiten married Monique Toussaint in 1980; they have four children.
- Les Cités Obscures: 1983-, 11 albums and some specials, with Benoît Peeters: Casterman
- Dolorès: 1991, 1 album, artist Anne Baltus: Casterman
- Express: 1981, 1 album, with Claude Renard: Magic-Strip
- Les Machinistes: 1 album, 1984, with Claude Renard: Les Humanoïdes Associés
- Métamorphoses: 2 albums, 1980–1982, with Claude Renard: Les Humanoïdes Associés
- Plagiat!: 1 album, 1989, with Benoît Peeters, written by Goffin: Les Humanoïdes Associés
- Souvenirs de l'éternel present: 1 album, 1993, written by Benoît Peeters: Arboris
- La Douce: 1 album, 2012: Casterman
- Les terres creuses: 3 albums, 1980–1990, written by Luc Schuiten: Les Humanoïdes Associés
Works by François Schuiten have been translated in most European languages, including Dutch, German, Danish and English.
- 1983: Samaris, the first book of Les Cités Obscures, is chosen as one of the 20 best books of the year by French magazine Lire
- 1985: Award for the Best Comic Book at the Angoulême International Comics Festival, France
- 1987: Grand Prix at the festival of Sierre, Switzerland
- 1996: Inkpot Award, U.S.
- 1998: Special Prize of the Jury at the Max & Moritz Prizes, Erlangen, Germany
- 2002: Grand Prix de la ville d'Angoulême, France
- 2002: Made a baron by King Albert II of Belgium
- De Weyer, Geert (2005). "François Schuiten". In België gestript, pp. 153-155. Tielt: Lannoo.
- Mars et Avril on Alta-Plana
- EXCLUSIVE: Whale archipelago tale AQUARICA in development!, article from Quiet Earth, June 17, 2012
- Officlal Belgian Expo 2005 site
- Stamps page at the ebbs fan site
- Schuiten, François (2004), "The Book of Schuiten". Nantier Beall Minoustchine Publishing. ISBN 1-56163-402-6
- Homesite of Les Cités Obscures (French)
- EBBS.net - Fan site (French)
- Alta Plana - Fan site
- website of the restored Horta house Maison Autrique
- Biography at the Comiclopedia
- Info on the English editions of his work
- IMDb entry
- A biographical timeline, in Dutch
- The Quarxs
- Comparative analysis on the works of Francois Schuiten/Giambattista Piranesi, in Spanish