François Bréda

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François Bréda
Cluj-Napoca, 2008.
Born (1956-02-20) 20 February 1956 (age 58)
Deva, Romania
Occupation professor, essayist, poet, literary critic, literary historian, translator, theatrologist
Period 1978 – present
Literary movement Postmodernism

François Bréda (Hungarian: Bréda Ferenc; born 20 February 1956, Deva, Romania), essayist,[1] poet, literary critic, literary historian, translator, theatrologist.


On his mother's side he is grandson of writer, settlement historian, professor Lajos Lévai (1894, Kolozsvár – 1974) from Odorheiu Secuiesc. Her mother is educationalist Enikő Zsuzsanna Lévai. His father, reformed minister Ferenc Bréda (1924–2000) was dean of Hunedoara-Alba County between 1969 – 1988. He graduated elementary school in Odorheiu Secuiesc and Deva. The multicultural atmosphere of his native town follows him during his childhood and primary school years. His first writings appeared in Ifjúmunkás, a youth periodical published in Bucharest. He spent his military service in Dobrogea near the Black Sea (1974 – 1975). From 1975 he studied at the Hungarian-French faculty of the Cluj-Napoca University. He also attended Greek and Latin optional courses at the classical philology faculty in Cluj. He was one of the regular dwellers of the Library of Academy during his student years. It was this period he intensely studied the important authors of scholastic and medieval philosophy (Anselm of Canterbury, Saint Thomas Aquinas, Albertus Magnus, William of Ockham, Pierre Abelard, Duns Scotus). During summer holidays he worked as construction day-labourer, mason stringy at church reconstructions (Haró, Marosillye, Hunedoara County) and ringer. Between 1977 – 1979 he worked as editor of the Hungarian pages of Echinox cultural university periodical in Cluj, together with András Mihály Beke and Zoltán Bretter. He graduated at the philology faculty of Babeş-Bolyai University in Cluj, receiving qualification in Hungarian-French language and literature. Between 1979 – 1984 he worked as first editor of the Hungarian pages of Napoca Universitară cultural periodical. Between 1979 – 1984 he also worked as teacher of Hungarian literature and grammar at the Huedin Primary School. Between 1984 – 1991 he worked as professor of French language and literature in secondary schools, lyceums and high schools in France, first at Anjou and Vandée (Angers, Cholet), then in settlements near Paris (Faremoutiers, Saint-Maur-des-Fossés, Coulommiers, Pontault-Combault). In 1985 he received the degree of Magister at the Nantes University, in the field of French and comparative history of literature. Between 1985 – 1991 he was doctorandus of French history of literature at the Angers University, being disciple of literary historian George Cesbron. In the circle of Présence de Gabriel Marcel literary-philosophical fellowship he made acquaintance with Paul Ricœur, Cardinal Jean-Marie Lustiger, Archbishop of Paris, writer Claude Aveline, Georges Lubin, publisher of George Sand's correspondences, as well as philosopher André Comte-Sponville and other important personalities of French culture. He corresponded with sociologist Pierre Bourdieu and Samuel Beckett. Between 1984-1986 he lived in Angers and Cholet, then in Paris between 1986 – 1991. Between 1991 – 1992 he worked as editor at Jelenlét cultural periodical in Cluj. In 1991 he was founding member of György Bretter Literary Circle, a society with great literary traditions that had ceased to exist in 1983 and being revived after the 1989 revolution in Romania. Between 1992 – 1993 he worked as editor at the Cluj branch of Bucharest based Kriterion Publishing House. From 1993 he is founding board member of György Bretter Literary Circle. Between 1991 – 1994 he taught French language and literature at Brassai Sámuel Lyceum in Cluj. In 1999 he received doctorate in theory of literature with his paper on the literary and drama critical work of French existentialist philosopher Gabriel Marcel, at the Philology Faculty of Babeş-Bolyai University in Cluj. From 1995 he works as assistant professor at the Theatre and Television Faculty of Babeş-Bolyai University, teaching universal theatre history of Antiquity, basic notions of dramaturgy, theatre aesthetics, Hungarian literature and rhetorics. He discovered the literary oeuvre of Alfréd Reinhold (Alfred Reynolds) (1907, Budapest – 1993, London). He translates from French and Romanian languages.


Volumes in Hungarian[edit]

  • A létezéstől a lehetőségig (From Being to Possibility). Essays in comparative history of literature and philosophy, Kriterion Publishing House, Forrás-series, Bucharest, 1980.
  • Tűzpróba (Ordeal by Fire). Poems. Kriterion Publishing House, Bucharest, 1984.
  • Mentális Tárgyak Múzeuma (Museum of Mental Objects). Concrete poems. Matthias Studio Paper, Cluj-Napoca, 1999.
  • Antracit (Anthracite). Ortho-existential essay. Előretolt Helyőrség Publishing House, Cluj-Napoca, 2002. ISBN 93-7804-548-0
  • Golania Magna. A neo-goliárd költészet kritikai vetületei. (Golania Magna. Critical Aspects of Neo-Goliard Poetry). Critical works, Grinta Publishing House, Cluj-Napoca, 2005.
  • Mysterium Mythologiae. Philosophical essay. Grinta Publishing House, Cluj-Napoca, 2005. ISBN 973-7651-06-5
  • Nemo. Poems. AB-ART Publishing House, Bratislava, 2004. ISBN 80-8087-010-1
  • Az elszállt szitakötő (Butterfly in Mid-Air). Novel. AB-ART Publishing House, Bratislava, 2005. ISBN 80-8087-028-4
  • Diva Deva. Philosophical essay. Grinta Publishing House, Cluj-Napoca, 2006. ISBN 973-7651-65-0 ISBN 9789737651655
  • Golania Magna Secunda. Mitokritikák a neo-goliárd irodalomról (Golania Magna Secunda. Mytho-chritics on Neo-Goliard Literature). Critical writings, Irodalmi Jelen Books, Arad, 2007. ISBN 978-973-7648-11-2
  • De amore. Philosophical essay. AB-ART Publishing House, Bratislava, 2008. ISBN 978-80-8087-045-4
  • Boldogok és Bolondok (The Happy and the Insane). Philosophical essay. AB-ART Publishing House, Bratislava, 2008. ISBN 978-80-8087-035-5
  • Lali lakomái (Lali's Feasts). Novel. AB-ART Publishing House, Bratislava, 2008. ISBN 978-80-8087-053-9
  • Apolló apológiái. Aphorismes. AB-ART Publishing House, Bratislava, 2009. ISBN 978-80-8087-067-6

Volumes in Romanian[edit]

  • Fiinţă şi teatru (Being and Theatre). Philosophical essay. Dacia Publishing House, Teatru series, Cluj-Napoca, 2003, ISBN 973-35-1705-4
  • Scrisori despre comicul existenţial. Correspondenţă transtemporală (Letters on Existential Humour. Trans-temporal Correspondence). Philosophical essay. Grinta Publishing House, Cluj-Napoca, 2006. ISBN 973-7651-44-8
  • Oglinda Ochiului. Speculum spectationis (The Mirror of the Eye). Philosophical essay. Eikon Publishing House - Editura Remus, Cluj-Napoca, 2010. ISBN 978-973-757-338-4 ISBN 978-973-7915-18-4[1]

Volumes in French[edit]

  • La critique littéraire et dramatique de Gabriel Marcel (Literary and Drama Critical Work of Gabriel Marcel). Essay, Grinta Publishing House, Cluj-Napoca, 2004. ISBN 97379244
  • Déclin et Déclic. Philosophical essay. Remus Publishing House, Cluj-Napoca, 2004. ISBN 973-7915-00-3

Essays in Literary Critic and History of Ideas[edit]

  • Ave Csehy ! In : Helikon, 28 (25 June 2007). See Zoltán Csehy
  • Vanda … Van ! Az Örök Őrök (Vanda... Exists! The Guards of Eternity). In: Korunk, August 2006.
  • Esti mese (Bedtime Story). György Méhes. In : Helikon, 2002/ 7, 2-3.
  • Egy világrendszer keletkezéséről. Adalékok Galilei Dialogójához. (On the Becoming of a World System. To Galilei’s Dialogo). In: Galilei, Dialogue Concerning the Two Chief World Systems, the Ptolemaic and a Copernican. Preface written and notes compiled by Ferenc Bréda. Kriterion, Téka-series, Bucharest, 1983.
  • Az öntudat alkonya. (Dawn of Consciousness) In : A létezéstől a lehetőségig (From Being to Possibility). Kriterion, Bucharest, 1980.



He is member of Hungarian Writers' Ligue in Transylvania, Romanian Writers' Union, Présence de Gabriel Marcel Association and the Public Body of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences.

Further reading[edit]

  • Szőcs Géza, Ki vagy, Bréda ? In : Igazság, Fellegvár, Cluj, 1977. (Hungarian)
  • Molnár Gusztáv: Levél Bréda Ferenchez. Echinox, Cluj, 1979/1-2. (Hungarian)
  • Vekerdi László, Bréda Ferenc, A létezéstől a lehetőségig. In : Valóság, Budapest, 1981/ 1. (Hungarian)
  • Szőcs István, Transz-ok, avagy erdélyi Grál. [Bréda Ferenc, Antracit]. In : Helikon, Kolozsvár, 2002/ 14, 2-3. (Hungarian)
  • Szőcs István, Grál-visszfények ? In : Helikon, Kolozsvár, 2002/ 15, 2-3. (Hungarian)
  • Szőcs István, Merengő - Mágus Déva vára. In : Helikon, XVIII. évf., 2007., 7. (477.). (Hungarian)
  • Szőcs István, Bréda Capytulációja avagy Szóból ért az ember ! In : Helikon, 2006., 18. (464.)
  • Szőcs István, Jegyzet - A hmhmhm... A szerelem ... In : Helikon, Kolozsvár, 2008/ 12.
  • Ovidiu Pecican, Fiinţã şi Teatru. Teatrul de umbre al luminii. In : Tribuna, nr. 69., 2005. p. 7. (Romanian)
  • Laura Pavel, Teatru - farsă şi adevăr ? In : Contemporanul-Ideea europeană, XV., nr. 8, 2004. (Romanian)
  • Mircea Arman, Scrisori despre comicul existenţial. In : Jurnalul Literar, Bucharest, 2007, p. 23. (Romanian)
  • Graţian Cormoş, Trãind în post-istorie, fãrã iluzii. In : Tribuna, Cluj, nr. 96, 2006. (Romanian)
  • Mihai Borşoş, Democraţia şi omenescul. In : Tribuna, 2008/ 149, p. 6. (Romanian)
  • Ștefan Manasia, Învățăturile magistrului François. În : Tribuna, nr. 207, 16-30 aprilie 2011, p. 5. (Romanian) [1]
  • Karácsonyi Zsolt, Nemo és a kutyák. In : A Nagy kilometrik, Helikon, 34/ 2007. (Hungarian)
  • Karácsonyi Zsolt, A margótól az argóig. In : Krónika, 2004. 5-7 nov..
  • Székely Csaba, A Brettenthetetlenek. In : A Hét, 2004/ 38, 11.
  • Orbán János Dénes, Merlin Claudiopolisban. In : Bréda, Antracit, Erdélyi Híradó / Előretolt Helyőrség, Kolozsvár, 2002, pp. 5–10.
  • Farkas Wellmann Endre, Bolondokról, a bolondok nyelvén. In : Krónika, 2008. 21–23 November., p. 6.
  • Király Farkas, A könyv címe : Nemo. In : Helikon, 2005/ 23.
  • Király Farkas, A mito-kán most rábeszél . In : Helikon, 2005. július 10.
  • Martos Gábor, Marsallbot a hátizsákban. A Forrás harmadik nemzedéke. Kolozsvár, 1994.
  • Szántai János, Jelenés Dívával, Dévával. In : Székelyföld, 2008/ 5.
  • Szántai János, A klozettolvasó naplójából, 9. (François Bréda, Boldogok és Bolondok, AB-ART, Pozsony, 2008.) In : Helikon, Kolozsvár, 2009/ 1, p. 14.
  • Martos Gábor, Éjegyenlőség. Írások az erdélyi magyar irodalomról. Erdélyi Híradó Könyv- és Lapkiadó, Kolozsvár, 2000.
  • Martos Gábor,Volt egyszer egy Fellegvár. Erdélyi Híradó Könyv- és Lapkiadó, Kolozsvár, 1994.
  • Martos Gábor, Az út vége (?). In : Kép(es) költészet, Patriot kiadó, Sopron, 1995, pp. 76–80.
  • Szalai Zsolt, Bréda, Antracit. In : www. (Hungarian)
  • Pál Edit Éva, Tudatskalpok és az irodalom. In : www. (Hungarian)
  • Vári Csaba és Sipos Zoltán, Bréda Ferenc, aki Mumu forever. In : www. (Hungarian)
  • Miklós Ágnes Kata, A szóértés feltételei. Nemzedékváltási problémák a hetvenes évek romániai magyar irodalmában. Komp-Press Kiadó, Kolozsvár, pp. 211–214., 2010. ISBN 978-973-196-021-0 (Hungarian)

External links[edit]


  1. ^ a b Groza, Claudiu (3 November 2010). "Teatru şi ezoterism la Insomnia". Ziua de Cluj (in Romanian). Retrieved 18 August 2011.