François Spoerry

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François Spoerry
François Spoerry.jpg
Born 28 December 1912
Mulhouse, Alsace, France
Died January 11, 1999(1999-01-11)
Port Grimaud, Var, France
Nationality French
Occupation Architect
Known for Tour de Europe
Spouse(s) Joy Pierrette Besse
Children Yves Spoerry; Bernard Spoerry

François Henry Spoerry (Mulhouse, Alsace, France, 28 December 1912 - Port Grimaud, Var, France, 11 January 1999) was a French architect, developer, and urban planner.[1] He was an Officier of the Légion d'honneur and an Officier of the Ordre des Arts et des Lettres.[2]

Early years[edit]

He was born in Mulhouse to a large, industrious family that had moved in 1848 from Switzerland to Mulhouse in 1848 to start up a textile business. The family had a holiday home at Partigon. His parents were Henry Spoerry (1879–1966) and Jeanne Schlumberger.[3] Spoerry had three younger sisters: Anne-Marie, a physician, aviator and adventurer,[4] Therese, and Martine.

After finishing school, Spoerry studied architecture at the École des Beaux-Arts, Strasbourg[5] in 1930. He became an assistant to Jacques Couëlle during the period of 1932 through 1934. He graduated from Marseille's École des Beaux-Arts in 1943 .

During World War II, he used an architectural research project in Aix-en-Provence as a cover for working with the French Resistance.[4] In April 1943, he was arrested and deported to Buchenwald and then Dachau.

Career[edit]

"My ambition has been to produce a style of architecture that makes the heart sing."

[6]

After the war ended, he opened his first architectural firm in Mulhouse where he associated with a significant number of reconstruction projects. In Mulhouse, he was the planner of the new town centre. He also built in Mulhouse the Tour of Europe, the largest structure in contemporary France whose top floor was a revolving restaurant. He also built several residential structures, including Wilson Tower (highest building in the city after the Tour of Europe), the Residence Clemenceau. Residence Pierrefontaine, and others. What is most significance about the work of Spoerry is that he broke with the first principles of Planning CIAM while rediscovering the principles of a dense urbanism. He built and developed several mixed-use, neo-traditional, developments in Europe and North America.[7]

He is associated with the European Urban Renaissance movement. He was an advocate of "vernacular architecture".[6] Spoerry is the author of A gentle architecture, from Port-Grimaud to Port-Liberté, published in 1991.

Spoerry's major works in France included:

Outside of France, his major works were:

His tomb at the church in Port Grimaud

At the end of the 1980s, he was known as a member of Amiic (World Real Estate Investment Organization, Geneva) and was a lecturer, with Jean-Pierre Thiollet and other important people, of some international meetings of this organization (vanished in 1997).

Personal life[edit]

On 27 October 1945, Spoerry married Joy Pierrette Besse (1923–1952).[3] Spoerry and his wife had two sons, Yves and Bernard.[3]

His father-in-law, Antonin Besse, was a wealthy merchant with businesses in Aden and Beirut. Also a philanthropist, Antonin founded St Antony's College, Oxford, and saved Gordonstoun in Moray, Scotland from closure.[4]

Spoerry was an avid sailor.[8] He died at his home in Port Grimaud[2] in 1999 and is buried at the church in Port Grimaud.[9]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Developments". New York Magazine: 70. February 23, 1987. 
  2. ^ a b "Mort de l'architecte François Spoerry". Liberation.fr (in French). 12 January 1999. Retrieved 16 July 2010. 
  3. ^ a b c Blanc, Jérôme (1994). Les Engel: une famille d'industriels et de philanthropes. Généalogie et Histoire. pp. 123–124. ISBN 2-86496-060-5. 
  4. ^ a b c Rocco, Fiammetta (10 February 1999). "Obituary: Anne Spoerry". The Independent. 
  5. ^ Papadakēs, A. (1997). Classical modern architecture. Terrail. p. 207. 
  6. ^ a b Frenay, Robert (2006). Pulse: the coming age of systems and machines inspired by living things. Macmillan. p. 245. ISBN 0-374-11327-0. 
  7. ^ Ellin, Nan (1999). Postmodern urbanism. Princeton Architectural Press. p. 44. ISBN 1-56898-135-X. 
  8. ^ Farquharson, Paula (August 13, 2006). "Luxury Living With A Yacht in Your Yard". yachtchartersmagazine.com. Retrieved 15 July 2010. 
  9. ^ Williams, Nicola; Le Nevez, Catherine (2007). Provence & the Côte d'Azur. Lonely Planet Provence and the Cote d'Aruz (5 ed.). Lonely Planet. p. 355. ISBN 1-74104-236-4. 
  • "Une ville qui réduirait la violence" avec Paul Léauté, 1980, in Sécurité et liberté, La Documentation française (French)
  • L'Architecture douce, 1977, Édition Robert Laffont (French)