François de Vial

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Francois de Vial

François de Vial (October 4, 1904 - May 16, 1984) was a diplomat and a Minister Plenipotentiary of France.[1]

Biography[edit]

François de Vial Prague 1933

Born at Château Lynch-Bages, Pauillac, he was the son of general fr:Félix de Vial.

Education[edit]

He attended the fr:Lycée Saint-Joseph de Tivoli from 1910 to 1918.[2] He received his BA and law degree in Paris.

Diplomatic career[edit]

The French Embassy to the Holy See before a state visit to Pope Pius XII
Le Prieuré Castle: his French residence
  • Attached to the Consulate of France in Berlin in 1932[3]
  • Seconded to the Embassy of France Prague 1933[3]
  • Embassy of France in Berne from 1934 to 1935[3]
  • Embassy of France in Budapest[4] from 1935 to 1938[3]
  • Vice-consul in Naples from 1938 to 1939, he did not join the mobilization center[3]
  • Attached to the Embassy of France to the Holy See from 1940 to 1944:[5] Palazzo Taverna Orsini, founded by the Orsini family.[3]
French embassy to the Holy See
  • Consul in Firenze from 1944 to 1949
French Patrotic day when in Firenze
  • General consul in Quebec from 1953 to 1960[6]
  • General consul in Liverpool[7]
François de Vial meeting with the Lord Mayor
  • Plenipotentiary Minister Embassy of France in Madrid
  • Member of NATO Defense College
  • Plenipotentiary Minister in London[8]

Rome Holy See 1942 1944[edit]

Sir D'Arcy Osborne, was a British diplomat. He was Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary to the Holy See 1936–1947. He was one of the group, led by Monsignor Hugh O'Flaherty and a French diplomat[9] François de Vial[10] who both helped conceal[11] some 4,000 escapees, both Allied soldiers and Jews,[12] from the Nazis; 3,925 survived the war.

United Kingdom :Sir Perceval d'Arcy Osborne 12th Duke of Leeds, KCMG (1936-1947) Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiar

United States : Myron Charles Taylor (1939-1950) « Peace Ambassador » and « personal envoy » Myron Charles Taylor

References[edit]

  1. ^ Registre d’état civil de Pauillac N° 88-1904
  2. ^ Annuaire des anciens élèves de Tivoli. 1929
  3. ^ a b c d e f Annuaire du corps diplomatique 1978
  4. ^ Nicholas Horth, Miklós Horthy, Andrew L. Simon, Nicholas Roosevelt, Admiral Nicholas Horthy Memoirs, Simon Publications LLC, 1957
  5. ^ The Battle for Rome: The Germans, The Allies, The Partisans, and The Pope, September 1943-June 1944. New York: Simon and Schuster.
  6. ^ Office Québécois de la langue francaise. "Status of the French language". Government of Quebec. Retrieved November 10, 2010.
  7. ^ THE LONDON GAZETTE FOREIGN OFFICE JUNE 1956: The QUEEN has been pleased to approve of:—Monsieur Francois de Vial, as Consul-General of France at Liverpool, for the counties of Anglesey,Caernarvon, Chester, Cumberland, Denbigh, Flint, Lancaster, Merioneth, Montgomery and Westmorland; the West Riding of the county of York;the Isle of Man, and Northern Ireland;
  8. ^ 2470 THE LONDON GAZETTE, APRIL 1960 : FOREIGN OFFICE 29th February 1960. The QUEEN has been pleased to approve of: Monsieur Francois de Vial, as Consul-General of France in London, for the City and County of London and the Counties of Bedford, Berks, Buckingham, Cambridge, Essex, Hertford, Huntingdon, Kent, Middlesex, Norfolk, Oxford, Suffolk, Surrey and Sussex ; the Island of St. Helena and the Falkland Islands ;
  9. ^ La Course pour Rome : comment la ville éternelle fut sauvée de la destruction nazie, Dan Kurzman, Éditions Elsevier 1977
  10. ^ O'Reilly, Charles T (2001). Forgotten Battles: Italy's War of Liberation, 1943–1945. Lexington Books. p. 244. ISBN 0-7391-0195-1.
  11. ^ "Hugh O'Flaherty Memorial web page". Permanent Memorial. Hugh O'Flaherty Memorial Society. Retrieved February 23, 2013.
  12. ^ Michaelis, Meir “Fascist Policy Toward Italian Jews: Tolerance and Persecution,” ed. Ivo Hertzer, Ivo The Italian Refuge: Rescue of Jews During the Holocaust Chicago: The Catholic University Press, 1989..

Sources[edit]

Defense Lines South of Rome 1943
  • La Course pour Rome : comment la ville éternelle fut sauvée de la destruction nazie, Dan Kurzman, Éditions Elsevier 1977
  • French Diplomatic Diary 1950 Edition, 1968 Edition.
  • Chadwick, Owen Britain and the Vatican During the Second World War, 1988, Cambridge University Paperback Library, p. 86 et seq.
  • Clark, Mark (2007) [1950]. Calculated Risk. New York: Enigma Books. ISBN 978-1-929631-59-9.
  • D'Este, Carlo (1990). World War II in the Mediterranean (1942-1945 Major Battles and Campaigns). Algonquin Books. ISBN 978-0-945575-04-7.
  • Ellis, John (1993). The World War II Databook: The Essential Facts and Figures for all the combatants. BCA. ISBN 978-1-85410-254-6.
  • French general consuls List in Québec :[1]
  • "Réception du docteur L.P. Roy" chronicle from Quebec newspaper "la Patrie" [2]
  • Economical links with Québec and federal Government 1953 Page 117, 121, 135: letters written by François de Vial to Maurice Schumann, French Foreign Office minister.
  • Moseley, Ray. 2004. Mussolini: The Last 600 Days of Il Duce. Dallas: Taylor Trade Publishing.
  • " War souvenirs; Pierre Peteul" [3]
  • French Canadian diplomatic relationship : Mac Gill University Montréal. folio 191,192,205,206 "Réactions du Québec à l' américanisation de la culture".
  • Atkinson, Rick (2007). The Day of Battle: The War in Sicily and Italy, 1943-1944 (vol. 2 of The Liberation Trilogy). ISBN 978-0-8050-8861-8.
  • "Alphonse Juin (1888-1967)" (in French). Académie française. 2009. Archived from the original on 16 February 2009. Retrieved 2009-01-18.
  • Tardini, Domenico. 1960. Pio XII. Roma: Poliglotta Vaticana.
  • Mgr Martin, le Vatican inconnu, Fayard, 1988
  • Jean Neuvecelle, Église, capitale Vatican, coll. L'Air du temps, Paris, Gallimard, 1954,
  • Charles Pichon, Le Vatican hier et aujourd'hui, Fayard, 1968
  • Paul Poupard, Connaissance du Vatican : histoire, organisation, activité, éd. Beauchesne, 1967, extraits en ligne
  • Sergio Romano, La Foi et le Pouvoir : Le Vatican et l'Italie de Pie IX à Benoît XVI, Buchet-Chastel, 2007 Résumé en ligne
  • Jean-Jacques Thierry :Andrea Lazzarini, Paolo VI, Profilo di Montini, quoted from Papst Paul VI Herder Freiburg, 1964
  • Morris, Terry; Murphy, Derrick. Europe 1870–1991.
  • Nicholas Horth, Miklós Horthy, Andrew L. Simon, Nicholas Roosevelt, Admiral Nicholas Horthy Memoirs, Simon Publications LLC, 1957
  • Raiber, Richard (2008). Anatomy of Perjury: Field Marshal Albert Kesselring, Via Rasella, and the GINNY mission. Newark: University of Delaware Press. OCLC 171287684.
  • Boyle, Peter G., ed. (2005). The Eden–Eisenhower correspondence, 1955–1957 University of North Carolina Press. ISBN 0-8078-2935-8
  • Eisenhower, Dwight D. (1948). Crusade in Europe, his war memoirs.
  • Clausson, M. I. (2006). NATO: Status, Relations, and Decision-Making. Nova Publishers. ISBN 1-60021-098-8.
  • Garthoff, Raymond L. (1994). Détente and confrontation: American-Soviet relations from Nixon to Reagan. Brookings Institution Press. ISBN 0-8157-3041-1.
  • Le Blévennec, François (25 October 2011). "The Big Move". NATO Review. Retrieved 19 December 2011.
  • a b Cody, Edward (12 March 2009). "After 43 Years, France to Rejoin NATO as Full Member". The Washington Post. Retrieved 19 December 2011.
  • (es) Jesús Palacios et Stanley G. Payne, Franco, mi padre : Testimonio de Carmen Franco, hija del caudillo, Madrid, La Esfera de los Libros, 2008, 791 p. (ISBN 978-84-9734-783-9
  • O'Reilly, Charles T (2001). Forgotten Battles: Italy's War of Liberation, 1943–1945. Lexington Books. p. 244. ISBN 0-7391-0195-1.
  • Dalin, David G. The Myth of Hitler's Pope: How Pope Pius XII Rescued Jews from the Nazis. Regnery Publishing: Washington, D.C. 2005; ISBN 0-89526-034-4; p. 76
  • Minutes of 7 August 1941. British Public Records Office FO 371/30175
  • Cf. The Holy See's official journal Acta Apostolicae Sedis Volume 51, p. 271.
  • The Scarlet Pimpernel of the Vatican".
  • Stephen Walker (4 March 2011), "The Priest who Outfoxed the Nazis", Irish Times, retrieved 4 March 2011
  • "Hugh O'Flaherty Memorial web page". Permanent Memorial. Hugh O'Flaherty Memorial Society. Retrieved February 23, 2013.
  • Linteau, Paul-André (1989). Histoire du Québec contemporain; Volume 1; De la Confédération à la crise (1867–1929). Montréal: Les Éditions du Boréal. ISBN 978-2-89052-297-8.
  • Linteau, Paul-André (1989). Histoire du Québec contemporain; Volume 2; Le Québec depuis 1930. Montréal: Les Éditions du Boréal. ISBN 978-2-89052-298-5.
  • Horthy:, Admiral Nicholas (2000). Admiral Nicholas Horthy Memoirs. Nicholas Horthy, Miklós Horthy, Andrew L. Simon, Nicholas Roosevelt (illustrated ed.). Simon Publications LLC. p. 348. ISBN 0-9665734-3-9.
  • 1919 speech of Horthy
  • The Battle for Rome: The Germans, The Allies, The Partisans, and The Pope, September 1943-June 1944. New York: Simon and Schuster.
  • Portelli, Alessandro (2003). The Order Has Been Carried Out: : History, Memory, and Meaning of a Nazi Massacre in Rome. Macmillan.
  • List des consuls généraux français à Québec
  • Liens économiques et échanges avec le Québec et le gouvernement fédéral 1953 Pages 117, 121, 135: lettres de François de Vial à Maurice Schumann, ministre des Affaires étrangères.
  • Relations France Canada : Archives de l' université .Mac Gill Montréal.
  • Strange Allies: Canada-Quebec-France Triangular Relations, 1944-1970
  • Park, William (1986). Defending the West: a history of NATO. Westview Press. ISBN 0-8133-0408-3. 
  • Katz, Robert (2003). The Battle for Rome. Simon & Schuster. ISBN 978-0-7432-1642-5.
  • The Peerage : Sir Percy Godolphin Osborne, 11° duc de Leeds.

Distinctions[edit]

1956 Rev le Craurer, Marchioness de Miramon, Madam de Vial, the French general consul of France François de Vial diplomatic dinner at Savoy hotel

Legion Honneur Officier ribbon.svg Ordre national de la Légion d'honneur  : officier of the Legion of Honour,

Ordre national du Merite Commandeur ribbon.svg Ordre national du Mérite : Commander of National Order of Merit (France)

Medaille de la Resistance ribbon.svg Médaille de la Résistance

Order of the British Empire (Civil) Ribbon.png Order of the British Empire

  • Ordrer of Saint Étienne

External links[edit]