|Born||Frances Rosemary Walsh
10 January 1959
Wellington, New Zealand
|Occupation||Screenwriter, film producer, lyricist|
|Partner(s)||Peter Jackson (1987–present)|
Fran Walsh has contributed to all of Jackson's films since Meet the Feebles. She won three Academy Awards in 2003, for Best Picture, Best Adapted Screenplay and Best Original Song, all for The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King. She has received a total of seven Oscar nominations.
Life and career 
Walsh was born into a family of Irish descent in Wellington, New Zealand, and attended Wellington Girls' College intent on becoming a fashion designer, but eventually became interested in music instead. Occasionally taking time off to perform in a punk band named The Wallsockets, she attended Victoria University of Wellington majoring in English literature and graduated in 1981. Walsh got her screen break writing material for Kiwi producer Grahame McLean on 1983 television film A Woman of Good Character/It's Lizzie to those Close. Later she wrote scripts for his TV show Worzel Gummidge Down Under.
Walsh met Peter Jackson in the mid 80s during the final stages of production on his low-budget movie Bad Taste. Walsh has collaborated with Jackson on the scripts of all his subsequent films, after joining the writing quartet on his next film, black comedy Meet the Feebles (1989). The couple then reteamed with writer Stephen Sinclair on the horror-comedy film that they had begun writing before Feebles, zombie movie Braindead (retitled Dead Alive in the United States, 1992).
Walsh and Jackson explored new ground with the drama Heavenly Creatures (1994), based on the friendship of the Parker-Hulme teenagers, who famously later killed one of their mothers. The film earned the duo an Oscar nomination for the screenplay. Walsh gave birth to Billy in 1995 and Katie in 1996. They returned to a more familiar genre with Universal Studios horror-comedy The Frighteners (1996), their first film funded by an American studio. They were in talks with Universal to remake King Kong until 1998's Godzilla and Mighty Joe Young were first announced, and Universal decided against the film. Wanting to try his hand at fantasy, Jackson turned to Miramax to make a film based on the works of writer J.R.R. Tolkien. In 1998, New Line Cinema provided the necessary financial backing to make a three-part adaptation of Tolkien's classic The Lord of the Rings.
Walsh, with Jackson and Philippa Boyens, is credited for writing the screenplays for the The Lord of the Rings film trilogy (2001–2003) (Stephen Sinclair has a writing credit on second film The Two Towers). They shared many awards, including an Oscar for their adapted screenplay for The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King. She also was one of the film's producers and co-composer of two songs for Return of the King, namely "Into the West" and "A Shadow Lies Between Us", earning her one more Oscar that night.
Walsh, Jackson, and Boyens continued their screenplay work together for the 2005 remake of King Kong, which was given the greenlight by Universal after the Rings trilogy's success. The couple recently collaborated on a critically unsuccessful adaptation of the novel The Lovely Bones, and the three-film adaptation of The Hobbit.
Walsh prefers to remain more private than Jackson or Boyens; she did not contribute an interview to The Lord of the Rings movie DVDs; however, she does feature on the director/writers' commentary (where she and Jackson discuss that they felt one of them should remain a private figure for the good of their family). Her largely unaltered vocals were used as the screech of the Nazgûl in the films.
Personal Interest 
Fran Walsh along with Peter Jackson have taken a huge interest in the West Memphis Three case as is documented in Fran's personal letters back and forth to Lorri Davis in the documentary "West of Memphis."
This is her selected filmography as screenwriter, unless noted:
- Worzel Gummidge Down Under (1986–89)
- Meet the Feebles (1989)
- Braindead (1992, screenplay, casting director, acting cameo)
- Heavenly Creatures (1994)
- Jack Brown Genius (1994)
- The Frighteners (1996, screenplay and associate producer)
- The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring (2001, screenplay, producer, lyricist for "In Dreams", additional second unit director)
- The Lord of the Rings: The Two Towers (2002, screenplay, producer, composer for "Gollum's Song")
- The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King (2003, screenplay, producer, composer for "Into the West" and "A Shadow Lies Between Us")
- King Kong (2005, screenplay, producer)
- The Lovely Bones (2009, screenplay, producer)
- The Hobbit: An Unexpected Journey (2012, screenplay, producer)
- The Hobbit: The Desolation of Smaug (2013, screenplay, producer)
- The Hobbit: There And Back Again (2014, screenplay, producer)
- "Fran Walsh: The Enigma". TheOneRing.net. 23 December 2001.
- LeVasseur, Andrea. "Fran Walsh". Allmovie. Retrieved 14 February 2005.
- "Fran Walsh". . 22 July 2011.