The two countries dispute ownership of the Mont Blanc summit, the highest mountain in Western Europe.
France is Italy's second largest trading partner and, symmetrically, Italy is also the second-largest trading partner of France.
Italian culture in France
Italian Renaissance had a great influence on France during the 16th century.
Two queens of France, Caterina de Medici and Maria de Medici, and a chief minister of France, Giulio Mazzarino, were Italians. As well, the House of Savoy, who ruled Italy from 1861 to 1946, had French origins, from the historical Savoy region.
Many Italian immigrated to France during the first part of the 20th century: in 1911, 36% of foreigners living in France were Italian. Immigrants have sometime suffered a violent anti-Italianism like the Vêpres marseillaises (fr) (Marseilles vespers) on June 1881 or Aigues-Mortes massacre on 17 August 1893. Today, it is estimated that as many as 5 million French nationals have Italian ancestry going back three generations.
Nowadays 340,000 Italian nationals live in France, while 130,000 French citizens live in Italy. In the French Departement of Alpes-Maritimes at least 80% of the population can trace some ancestry back to Italy and 40% can claim it as solely Italian and Italian is the mother language of 30% of the population. In Corsica the local culture is more Italian than French.
French culture in Italy
The Prime minister of the Kingdom of Sardinia Camillo Benso was able to take Napoleon III on his side after the Orsini affair during the Italian Unification: The French army was allied with Victor Emmanuel II of Italy during the Second Italian War of Independence and at the Battle of Solferino. After that, France opposed Italy during the Capture of Rome, that represented the end of the Papal temporal power.
The last military conflict was the Italian invasion of France in June 1940.
- France-Italy football rivalry is one of the most famous sport rivalries worldwide.
- The Giuseppe Garibaldi Trophy is a trophy for the winner of the Six Nations match between France and Italy in rugby union.
- Corti, Paola (2003), L'emigrazione italiana in Francia: un fenomeno di lunga durata, Altreitalie, Template:Numéro26, janvier-juin 2003
- L'immigration italienne en Provence au XIXe siècle
- Cohen, Robin (1995). Cambridge Survey. Books.google.com. ISBN 978-0-521-44405-7. Retrieved 2009-05-11.