France Gall, 1965
|Birth name||Isabelle Geneviève Marie Anne Gall|
|Also known as||France Gall|
9 October 1947 |
|Associated acts||Michel Berger, Serge Gainsbourg|
France Gall (born Isabelle Geneviève Marie Anne Gall on 9 October 1947 in Paris, France) is a popular French yé-yé singer.
Gall was married to, and had a successful singing career in partnership with, French singer-songwriter Michel Berger.
Early years 
Gall's father was lyricist Robert Gall, and her mother, Cécile Berthier, was the daughter of Paul Berthier, co-founder of Petits Chanteurs à la Croix de Bois. (This made her cousin to the guitarist Denys Lable and the composer Vincent Berthier de Lioncourt, as well as niece to Jacques Berthier.) She was the sole daughter in the family and had two brothers named Patrice and Claude.
In spring 1963, Robert Gall encouraged his daughter to record songs and send the demos to a musical publisher, Denis Bourgeois. That July, she auditioned for Bourgeois at the Théâtre des Champs-Élysées in Paris, after which Bourgeois wanted to sign her immediately. France was subsequently signed to Philips.
At the time, Bourgeois was working for the label as Artistic Director for Serge Gainsbourg and assumed this role for Gall as well. He encouraged her to record four tracks with French jazz musician, arranger and composer Alain Goraguer.
Early career 
The first airplay of France's first single "Ne sois pas si bête" ("Don't Be So Stupid"), occurred on her 16th birthday. It was released in November and became a hit, selling 200,000 copies. Serge Gainsbourg, who had released several albums and written songs for singers including Michèle Arnaud and Juliette Gréco, was asked by Bourgeois to write songs for Gall. Gainsbourg's "N'écoute pas les idoles" ("Don't listen to the idols") became Gall's second single; it reached the top of the French charts in March 1964 and stayed there for three weeks.
At the same time, Gall made her live debut, opening for Sacha Distel in Belgium. She teamed up with Distel's business manager, Maurice Tézé, who was also a lyricist. This allowed her to create an original repertoire, unlike the majority of her contemporaries ("yéyés") who sang adaptations of Anglophone hits. However, under the influence from this team of music veterans, Gall struggled to defend her personal choice of material.
In addition to songs written by her father, Gall's success in the 1960s was built on songs written by some of the biggest names among French composers and lyricists: Gérard Bourgeois, Jean-Pierre Bourtayre, Vline Buggy Pierre Cour, Joe Dassin, Jacques Datin, Pierre Delanoë, Jean Dréjac, Alain Goraguer, Hubert Giraud, Georges Liferman, Guy Magenta, Eddy Marnay, Jean-Michel Rivat, Jean-Max Rivière, Frank Thomas, Maurice Vidalin, André Popp, Gilles Thibaut, and Jean Wiener.
Gall's songs often featured lyrics based on a stereotypical view of the teenage mind. Elaborate orchestrations by Alain Goraguer blended styles, permitting her to navigate between jazz, children's songs, and anything in between. Examples of this mixed-genre style included "Jazz à gogo" (lyrics by Robert Gall and music by Goraguer) and "Mes premières vraies vacances" (by Datin-Vidalin).
Gall and Gainsbourg's association produced many popular singles, continuing through the summer of 1964 with the hit song "Laisse tomber les filles" ("Never Mind the Girls") followed by "Christiansen" by Datin-Vidalin. Gainsbourg also secretly recorded Gall's laughter to use on Pauvre Lola, a track on his 1964 album Gainsbourg Percussions. Her laughter is not credited.
Regarding her association with Gainsbourg at this time, Gall said, "This is someone I had the pleasure to see because I admired him and liked what he wrote. And I liked his shyness, his elegance and his education. It was a very pleasant relationship. . . . I was very impressed that this man worked for me and cared about me . . . "
Having previously resisted, Gall gave in to her managers at the end of 1964 and recorded a single intended for children. The song "Sacré Charlemagne," written by her father, and set to the music of George Liferman, was a hit in 1965, selling 2 million copies and peaking at number one.
Gall was then selected to represent Luxembourg in the Eurovision Song Contest 1965. Out of the 10 songs proposed to her, she chose Gainsbourg's "Poupée de cire, poupée de son." On 20 March 1965, Gainsbourg, Gall, and Goraguer attended the finals of the song contest in Naples, where the song was "allegedly booed in rehearsals for straying so far from the sort of song usually heard in the Contest at this point."
Although the delivery during the live show may not have been Gall's strongest performance—one critic writes that Gall's performance was "far from note perfect", another notes that her voice was trembling and complexion pale, and when Gall called her lover at the time Claude François immediately after the performance, he shouted at her, "You sang off key. You were terrible!"—the song impressed the jury and it took the Grand Prix. Success at Eurovision ensured that Gall became even more known outside Europe and she recorded "Poupée de cire, poupée de son" in French, German, Italian, and Japanese. There appears to be no English version released by France Gall herself, although there was an English cover by the English 1960s star Twinkle.
Sylvie Simmons, in her biography of Gainsbourg, wrote that on the surface, the song appears to be nothing but catchy Eurovision fodder, but "closer examination revealed perspicacious lyrics about the ironies and incongruities inherent in baby pop. That the songs young people turn to for help in their first attempts at discovering what life and love are about are sung by people too young and inexperienced themselves to be of much assistance, and condemned by their celebrity to be unlikely to soon find out." At a young age, France Gall was too naïve to understand the second meaning of the lyrics. But later on she felt she was manipulated and used by Gainsbourg throughout this period, most notably after the song "Les Sucettes".
Today France Gall tries to not discuss the Gainsbourg period in public and refuses to perform her winning song.
Summer tour 
In the summer of 1965, France Gall toured France for several months with "Le Grand Cirque de France" ("The Great Circus of France"), a combination of radio show and live circus. Her singles continued to chart successfully, including the Gainsbourg-penned "Attends ou va-t'en" ("Wait for me, or go away") and "Nous ne sommes pas des anges" ("We are not angels"). She also had a hit with the song "Amérique" ("America") by Eddy Marnay and Guy Magenta.
Stewart Mason sums up this early period of Gall's career, culminating in the Eurovision win:
[A]lthough many dismissed Gall as a Francophone Lesley Gore, making fluffy and ultra-commercial pop hits with little substance, Gall's hits from this era stand up far better than most. Only Francoise Hardy was consistently making records up to these standards during this era. Though Gall's high, breathy voice was admittedly somewhat limited, she made the most of it. Even dopey hits like "Sacre Charlemagne," a duet with a pair of puppets who were the stars of a children's show on French TV, have an infectious, zesty charm; meatier tunes, like the sultry jazz-tinged ballad "Pense a Moi" and the brilliant rocker "Laisse Tomber les Filles," were as good as any single produced in the U.S. or Great Britain at the time.
Film opportunities 
After a TV film directed by Jean-Christophe Averty and dedicated to the songs of Gall was distributed in the United States in 1965, Gall was sought by Walt Disney to appear as Alice in a musical film version of Alice in Wonderland, after having already made Alice into a cartoon in 1951. Although Gall had insisted she did not want to become involved in film work, this was the only project which appealed to her. The project was cancelled after Disney's death in 1966.
In 1966 Gall appeared in the television film Viva Morandi, made in the same psychoanalytical mould as the (1965) Federico Fellini film Giulietta degli Spiriti ("Juliet of the Spirits"). Gall played "La Grâce" alongside Christine Lebail who plays "La Pureté", both singing Les Sucettes in a segment which was prominently labelled "Fantasy", in a clear reference to the song's sexual undertones.
Gall once again considered appearing on screen in 1993 for a cinematographic collaboration with her best friend, the screenplay writer Telsche Boorman. Like the Disney film, this planned project was never completed due to the death of Boorman in 1996.
In a feature film titled Gainsbourg (Vie héroïque) released in France in January 2010, which is based on the graphic novel by the writer-director of the film, Joann Sfar, Gall is portrayed by Sara Forestier.
At the beginning of 1966 Gall released Baby pop, another song written by Gainsbourg, the lyrics of which Gall once described as "brutal", but whose dark undertones are not easily perceived when one hears the song as sung by the then 18 year-old girl. However, the undertones in her next hit song were not so easily missed, and caused a scandal when it was released. Gainsbourg deliberately filled the song Les Sucettes ("Lollipops") with double-meanings and strong sexual innuendo. On the surface, the lyrics tell the innocent tale of a girl named Annie who enjoys lollipops. However, it is clear that Gainsbourg intentionally created the theme as a metaphor for oral sex. Although a big hit, the song sat in stark contrast to genuinely innocent songs on the same album such as Je me marie en blanc ("White Wedding") and Ça me fait rire ("It makes me laugh").
The public furor over Les Sucettes would throw Gall’s career off-track for years, and Gall was not left unscathed by the experience. She belatedly understood that she had been used: the song was deliberately conceived with the aim of attracting publicity. All her records which followed, even expunged of the Gainsbourg signature, would be suspiciously viewed as having crass commercial motivations. She interpreted a song dedicated to John Fitzgerald Kennedy Jr., Bonsoir John John. Sullied by her association with Gainsbourg, her songs failed to chart for a long time afterwards.
Even some of her children’s songs recorded in 1966, for example, Les Leçons particulières ("private lessons"), have not been spared pernicious assumptions. It was not helpful when Jean-Christophe Averty choreographed a troupe of men on all fours to illustrate her children's song J'ai retrouvé mon chien ("I’ve found my dog") on his television program Les Raisins verts ("Green grapes").
Psychedelic era and transition to adulthood 
At the beginning of the year 1967, Gall sang a duet with Maurice Biraud, La Petite, which describes a young girl coveted by a friend of her father. The controversy over this performance overshadowed her release that year of Gainsbourg’s poetic Néfertiti.
Her next single was recorded with the orchestration of English composer David Whitaker. New authors Frank Thomas and Jean-Michel Rivat were brought on board. They wrote Bébé requin (Baby Shark), a song which met with some success for Gall.
This was followed by Teenie Weenie Boppie, an anti-LSD song by Gainsbourg, which has been described as "a bizarre tune about a deadly LSD trip that somehow involves Mick Jagger." Gainsbourg then sang an anti-capital punishment song with Gall, Qui se souvient de Caryl Chessman? ("Anyone remember Caryl Chessman?"), about the death row prisoner.
Stewart Mason wrote about this period: "The psychedelic era found Gall, under Gainsbourg's guidance, singing increasingly strange songs . . . set to some of Gainsbourg's most out-there arrangements."
Her next record C'est toi que je veux, again with Whitaker, also failed to make an impact.
With this string of recordings in the late 1960s, none of them an unmitigated success, and making the transition from teen-age to adult performer, Gall faced some challenges in this period through the early 1970s. Mason wrote:
No longer a teenager, but without a new persona to redefine herself with, (and without the help of Gainsbourg, whose time was taken by his own albums and those of his wife Jane Birkin), Gall floundered both commercially and artistically. A label change from Philips to BASF in 1972 didn't help matters . . . "
German career 
Although struggling in her home country, Gall regularly recorded in Germany from 1966 to 1972, in particular with the composer and orchestrator Werner Müller. She had a successful German career with songs by Horst Buchholz and Giorgio Moroder: Love, l'amour und liebe (1967), Hippie, hippie (1968), Ich liebe dich, so wie du bist (I love you the way you are) (1969) and Mein Herz kann man nicht kaufen (My heart is not for sale) (1970). Some of her other German hits included: Haifischbaby (Bébé requin), Die schönste Musik, die es gibt (The most beautiful music there is/Music To Watch Girls By), Was will ein Boy (What does a boy want?) (1967), Ja, ich sing (Yes, I sing), A Banda (Zwei Apfelsinen im Haar) (Two oranges in my hair), Der Computer Nr. 3 (1968), Ein bisschen Goethe, ein bisschen Bonaparte (A little Goethe, a little Bonaparte), I like Mozart (1969), Dann schon eher der Piano player (Then rather the piano player) (1970), Komm mit mir nach Bahia, Miguel (Come with me to Bahia, Miguel) (1972).
Post-Gainsbourg career 
New label, new beginnings 
Gall had several other releases in France in 1968, none of which aroused any great interest. At the end of 1968, on reaching the age of 21, Gall separated from Denis Bourgeois and stretched her wings upon the expiration of her contract with Philips.
She moved to a new record label, "La Compagnie", born from the association of artists Hugues Aufray, Nicole Croisille and Michel Colombier. At "La Compagnie", Gall made a number of recordings, but she never succeeded in finding a coherent style with Norbert Saada as Artistic Director. She went her own way in 1969 with two adaptations: one Italian and the other British: L'Orage / La Pioggia) ("The Storm") which she sang with Gigliola Cinquetti at the 1969 San Remo Music Festival, and Les Années folles ("Gentlemen Please"), created by Barbara Ruskin. Her songs Des gens bien élevés, La Manille et la révolution, Zozoï and Éléphants were largely ignored. Moreover, "La Compagnie" went bankrupt.
The early seventies continued to be a barren period for Gall. Although she was the first artist to be recorded in France for Atlantic Records in 1971, her singles C'est cela l'amour (1971) and Chasse neige (1971), faltered in the charts. In 1972, Gall, for the last time, recorded songs by Gainsbourg, Frankenstein and Les Petits ballons, but these also failed to chart. The results of her collaboration with Jean-Michel Rivat as artistic director, La Quatrieme chose (1972, suspiciously similar to Bread's "Everything I Own") and Par plaisir or Plus haut que moi (1973) did not meet with commercial success. While officially done with Gainsbourg, an old flame and producer from her Gainsbourg days, invited France Gall on television to sing a medley of old songs from their time together, which in included "Poupee de cire, Poupee de son". From the 1970s onwards, Gall started regularly visiting Senegal, which she loved. She bought her hideaway there on the island of N'Gor, close to Dakar in 1990.
Michel Berger 
France Gall was seduced by Michel Berger’s music when she heard his song Attends-moi ("Wait for Me") one day in 1973. During a later radio broadcast, she asked him for his opinion on songs which her then producer wanted her to record. Although he was disconcerted by the quality of the songs, there would be no question of collaboration.
Only 6 months later, in 1974, after she sang vocals on the song Mon fils rira du rock'n'roll on Berger's new album, Gall's publisher asked him, at her behest, to write for her. Gall had already made her mind up that "It will be him or else it will be nobody" (documentary France 3 France Gall by France Gall). Thus, in 1974, La Déclaration d'amour was to be the first in a long line of hits which marked a turning point in Gall’s career.
Meanwhile, the two artists, whose affinities became more than musical, married on 22 June 1976. France Gall shared years of work and family life with Michel Berger. The couple had two children.
In 1978, pushed by Berger, she once again trod the boards of the Théâtre des Champs-Élysées where she had auditioned 15 years earlier, starring in a show entitled "Made in France". The most novel aspect of this show was that, except for the Brazilian drag act Les Étoiles, the members of the orchestra, choir and the dance troupe were exclusively female. In this show, France sang Maria vai com as outras the original, Brazilian (Portuguese) version of Plus haut que moi.
In 1979, Gall took part in a new show which remains memorable for many. Composed by Michel Berger and written by the Québécois author Luc Plamondon, the rock opera Starmania enjoyed a success not usual for musicals in France. The show played for one month at Palais des congrès de Paris.
In 1982, Gall rehearsed in the Palais des Sports of Paris to present Tout pour la musique, an innovative spectacle marked by its use of electronic music. The songs Résiste and Il jouait du piano debout ("He played the piano standing") quickly became French pop standards.
1980s and humanitarian projects 
At the same time, she gave a successful series of concerts lasting three weeks at the new venue Zénith in Paris, where she performed new songs like Débranche ("Loosen-up"), Hong-Kong Star, and gave solid acoustic performances of Plus haut, Diego libre dans sa tête and Cézanne peint.
In 1985 and 1986, Gall worked with Berger, Richard Berry, Daniel Balavoine and Lionel Rotcage for the benefit of Action Écoles, an organization of schoolboy volunteers which collects essential food products in France for African countries where famine and drought prevail. On 14 January 1986, during a trip to Africa, Balavoine tragically perished in a helicopter crash. In 1987, the song Évidemment, written by Berger and sung by Gall, was a moving homage to their lost friend. The song appeared on the album Babacar.
Following the release of Babacar, Gall launched a new show produced by Berger. Opening at Le Zénith, the successful production toured throughout Europe, and gave rise to the live album Le Tour de France '88.
The 1990s 
Gall took a break from singing in the early 1990s and did not record any more for several years to come. She did, however, make an album called Double Jeu with Berger.
Following the release of Double Jeu, Gall and Berger announced a series of concerts in various Parisian venues, such as La Cigale and Bercy. This project was nearly cancelled by Berger's death from a heart attack on 2 August 1992.
Although Gall was strongly affected by Berger's death, she wanted to complete the project they had planned. However, she decided to commit to the performances at the Bercy and promoted the songs that she and Berger created together. However, Gall was diagnosed with breast cancer in April 1993, which was successfully treated. She finally performed at the Bercy in September. All the songs she performed were written by Michel Berger from Double Jeu, and from their discographies.
A year later, she went back on stage and performed in a new show in the Pleyel in Paris featuring new musicians. The repertoire featured songs written exclusively by Berger though Gall included her own versions of songs originally performed by others.
In 1996, Gall asked Jean-Luc Godard to produce the video clip of her song "Plus haut", taken from her album "France". Godard initially refused Gall's offer but later agreed, and directed a dreamy, picturesque video entitled "Plus Oh!" near his residence in Rolle (Switzerland). It was given its first and only airing on 20 April 1996 on the French television channel M6. It was only shown once, due to copyright issues.
After a year in Los Angeles, she released her eighth studio album, France in 1996. The album featured Gall's own interpretations of some of Michel Berger's songs. In 1996, Gall finally decided to appear as a headline artist at the legendary venue for French artists, the Paris Olympia. In 1997, she announced her retirement and recorded an unplugged show for French television showcasing songs from her final album.
Since the death of her daughter Gall has made only occasional public appearances. As a farewell to her career, a documentary movie was shot in 2001, France Gall par France Gall, directed by Eric Guéret. Nine million people tuned in to watch the documentary when it aired on French television that year. She also staged and appeared in the 2007 France 2 documentary "Tous pour la musique" marking the fifteenth anniversary of Michel Berger's death.
Today she is a patron for French charity Coeurs de Femmes – a group helping homeless women.
- October 1963 – "Ne sois pas si bête", adaptation by Pierre Delanoë of "Stand a little closer", original words and music by Jack Wolf and Maurice "Bugs" Bower
- 1964 – "N'écoute pas les idoles", words and music by Gainsbourg
- 1964 – "Jazz à gogo", words by Robert Gall music by Alain Goraguer
- 1964 – "Laisse tomber les filles", words and music by Gainsbourg
- 1964 – "Sacré Charlemagne", words by Robert Gall and music by Georges Liferman
- 1965 – "Poupée de cire, poupée de son", words and music by Gainsbourg
- 1965 – "Attends ou va-t'en", words and music by Gainsbourg
- 1965 – "Nous ne sommes pas des anges", words and music by Gainsbourg
- 1966 – "Baby pop", words and music by Gainsbourg
- 1966 – "Les Sucettes", words and music by Gainsbourg
- 1967 – "Néfertiti", words and music by Gainsbourg
- 1967 – "Bébé requin", words by Jean-Michel Rivat and Frank Thomas, music by Joe Dassin
- 1967 – "Toi que je veux", words by Jean-Michel Rivat and Frank Thomas, music by Joe Dassin
- 1968 – "Le Temps du tempo", words by Robert Gall and music by Alain Goraguer
- 1968 – "Y'a du soleil à vendre", words by Robert Gall and music by Hubert Giraud
- 1968 – "24 / 36", words by Jean-Michel Rivat and Frank Thomas, music by Joe Dassin
- 1969 – "Homme tout petit", words by Jean-Michel Rivat and Frank Thomas, music by Jean-Pierre Bourtayre
- 1969 – "Les Années folles", adaptation by Boris Bergman of the British song "Gentlemen Please", original words and music by Barbara Ruskin
- 1969 – "Baci, baci, baci", adaptation by Eddy Marnay from Italian lyrics by Sergio Bardotti and Claudio Tallino and music by Franco and Giorgio Bracardi
- 1970 – "Zozoï", words by Robert Gall and music by Nelson Angelo
- 1970 – "Les Éléphants", words by Jean Schmitt and music by Jean Géral
- 1971 – "C'est cela l'amour", words by Jacques Lanzmann and music by Paul-Jean Borowsky
- 1971 – "Chasse neige", words by Étienne Roda-Gil and music by Julien Clerc
- 1972 – "Frankenstein", words and music by Gainsbourg
- 1972 – "5 minutes d'amour", words by Jean-Michel Rivat and Frank Thomas, music by Roland Vincent
- 1973 – "Plus haut que moi", adaptation by Yves Dessca and Jean-Michel Rivat of "Maria vai com as outras" by Toquinho and Vinicius de Moraes
- 1973 – "Par Plaisir", words by Yves Dessca and Jean-Michel Rivat, music by Roland Vincent
- May 1974 – "La Déclaration d'amour", words and music by Berger
- October 1974 – "Mais, aime la", words and music by Berger
- 1975 – "Comment lui dire", words and music by Berger
- April 1976 – "Ce soir je ne dors pas"
- June 1976 – " Ça balance pas mal à Paris" (duet with Michel Berger), words and music by Berger
- May 1977 – "Musique", words and music by Berger
- October 1977 – "Si, maman si"
- January 1978 – "Le meilleur de soi-même"
- March 1978 – "Viens je t'emmène", words and music by Berger
- January 1979 – "Besoin d'amour", words by Luc Plamondon and music by Berger
- June 1980 – "Il jouait du piano debout", words and music by Berger
- October 1980 – "Bébé, comme la vie", words and music by Berger
- October 1980 – "Donner pour donner" (duet with Elton John), words by Michel Berger and Bernie Taupin, music by Michel Berger – Archives INA : Reportage Antenne 2, 1981
- 1981 – "Tout pour la musique", words and music by Berger
- 1981 – "Résiste", words and music by Berger
- May 1981 – "Amor También", words and music by Berger
- 6 April 1984 – "Débranche", words and music by Berger
- 17 September 1984 – "Hong Kong Star", words and music by Berger – Archives INA : Extrait de "Hong Kong Star", Antenne 2, 1984 FR #6
- 4 February 1984 – "Calypso", words and music by Berger
- 20 May 1984 – "Cézanne peint", words and music by Berger
- 3 April 1987 – "Babacar", words and music by Berger FR #11 GER #14
- 24 August 1987 – "Ella, elle l'a", words and music by Berger FR #2 GER #1 NL #38
- 7 March 1988 – "Évidemment", words and music by Berger
- 12 September 1988 – "Papillon de nuit", words and music by Berger
- 20 March 1989 – "La chanson d'Azima"
- 29 May 1992 – "Laissez passez les rêves", words and music by Berger, duet with Michel Berger
- 12 October 1992 – "Superficiel et léger"
- 15 January 1993 – "Les élans du coeur"
- 6 May 1993 – "Mademoiselle Chang" (live)
- 5 November 1993 – "Si, maman si" (live)
- December 1993 – "Il jouait du piano debout" (live)
- 2 February 1994 – "La négresse blonde" (live)
- 15 March 1994 – "Paradis Blanc" (live)
- 14 November 1994 – "Les princes des villes"
- 15 March 1996 – "Plus haut"
- 5 November 1996 – "Privée d'amour"
- 25 October 1996 – "Message personnel"
- 14 February 1997 – "Résiste" (remix)
- 15 May 1997 – "Attends ou va-t'en" (live)
- 2004 – "Zozoï" – Reissue of 1970 single
- 20 August 2004 – "La seule chose qui compte"
- Les Sucettes (1965)
- Baby Pop (1966)
- 1968 (1967)
- France Gall (6 January 1976)
- Dancing disco (27 April 1977)
- France Gall Live (live album, 9 November 1978)
- Starmania (various artists) (16 October 1978)
- Paris, France (19 May 1980)
- Tout pour la musique (10 December 1981)
- Palais des Sports (live album, 4 November 1982)
- Débranche (2 April 1984)
- France Gall au Zénith (live album, 4 February 1985)
- Babacar (19 February 1987)
- Le Tour de France 88 (live album, 7 November 1988)
- Double jeu (with Michel Berger, 12 June 1992)
- Simple je (Débranchée à Bercy 93) (live album, 29 October 1993)
- Simple je (Rebranchée à Bercy 93) (live album, 28 January 1994)
- Pleyel (music album) (live album, concert recorded in 1994, published in December 2005)
- France (29 March 1996)
- Concert public (live, Olympia 1996) & Concert privé (Concert acoustique TV M6 1997) (24 April 1997)
- Best of France Gall (compilation, 15 June 2004)
- Évidemment (compilation, 7 October 2004)
Audio sample 
An excerpt from Ella, Elle L'a
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- Made In France: France Gall's Baby Pop. RPM International. 2012. p. 1.
- France Gall par France Gall, autoportrait télévisé (France 3, 2001), quoted in the French Wikipedia article about France Gall. Original quote: « C’est quelqu’un que j’avais du plaisir à voir parce que je l’admirais et j’aimais ce qu’il écrivait. Et j’aimais bien sa timidité, son élégance et son éducation. C’était très agréable comme relation. […] J’étais très impressionnée que cet homme travaille pour moi et s’intéresse à moi… »
- Billboard Magazine, March 1965. Retrieved 2012-09-09.
- France GALL, Serge GAINSBOURG & Alain GORAGUER (28 March 1965). à propos du Grand Prix de l'Eurovision. ORTF/Institut National de l'Audiovisuel. http://www.ina.fr/archivespourtous/index.php?vue=notice&from=fulltext&cs_page=1&cs_order=0&mc=Gall,%20France&num_notice=8&total_notices=52.
- Jamie McCloughlin. A Bluffer's Guide to Eurovision. 13 July 2009. Accessed 20 February 2012. http://boombangablog.merseyblogs.co.uk/2009/07/eurovision-1965-ireland-makes.html
- All Kind of Everything: The Irish Eurovision Web Site. LUXEMBOURG 1965 - ”Poupée De Cire, Poupée De Son”. http://www.keithm.utvinternet.ie/Poupee.htm
- Martine Bordeneuve. Jukebox Magazine, No. 20, July–August 1988. Quoted in French Wikipedia article Poupée de cire, poupée de son, access 20 February 2012. Original text: « Le 20 mars, devant 150 millions de téléspectateurs, la voix tremblante et le teint pâle, elle interprète sa chanson. Plébiscitée par le jury à la majorité absolue, elle se trouve propulsée à la première place. . . . »
- Gilles Verlant. Gainsbourg (biography). Albin Michel, Paris, 2000. ISBN 2-226-12060-2. Quoted in French Wikipedia article de cire, poupée de son. The complete quote: « Pire que ça : Cloclo, son fiancé secret, au lieu de la féliciter, se met à hurler dans le combiné « Tu as chanté faux, tu étais nulle… »
- France GALL, Serge GAINSBOURG & Alain GORAGUER (20 March 1965). à propos du Grand Prix de l'Eurovision. ORTF/Institut National de l'Audiovisuel. http://www.ina.fr/archivespourtous/index.php?vue=notice&from=fulltext&mc=Gall,%20France.
- Twinkle. Album: Golden Lights. A Lonely Singing Doll. ASIN: B0019BF9Z0. http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/B0019BF9Z0/ref=dm_sp_alb?ie=UTF8&qid=1329777793&sr=8-1, viewed 20 February 2012.
- Sylvie Simmons, Serge Gainsbourg: A Fistful of Gitanes, ISBN 978-0-306-81183-8, page 42
- Mason, Stewart. France Gall biography, all Music Guide, http://www.allmusic.com/artist/france-gall-p212397/biography, accessed 20 February 2012.
- Video: France Gall - J'ai Retrouvé Mon Chien 1966. http://www.dailymotion.com/video/x425tg_france-gall-j-ai-retrouve-mon-chien_music. Viewed 20 February 2012.
- Bouvier, Y.-F.; S. Vincendet (2005). L'Integral et cætera. Éditions Bartillat. ISBN 2-84100-341-8.
- France GALL (9 April 1978). France GALL sur son concert au Théâtre des Champs Elysées. ORTF/Institut National de l'Audiovisuel. http://www.ina.fr/archivespourtous/index.php?vue=notice&from=fulltext&mc=Gall,%20France&num_notice=4&total_notices=55.
- Clips from INA archives
- Official website managed by WEA Music (offline)
- France Gall biography on RFI
- A Tribute to Gainsbourg: France Gall
- French forum of France Gall & Michel Berger
|Awards and achievements|
with "Non ho l'età"
|Winner of the Eurovision Song Contest
with "Merci, Chérie"
|Luxembourg in the Eurovision Song Contest
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: France Gall|