Frances Vane, Marchioness of Londonderry

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
The Most Honourable
The Marchioness of Londonderry
Frances Vane, Marchioness of Londonderry.png
The engagement painting of Lady Frances Anne Vane-Tempest by Sir Thomas Lawrence, 1818[1]
Personal details
Born 17 January 1800
St James's Square, London, England
Died 20 January 1865
Seaham Hall, County Durham, England
Nationality English
Spouse(s) Charles Vane, 3rd Marquess of Londonderry (1778–1854)
Children George Vane-Tempest, 5th Marquess of Londonderry (1821-1884)
Frances Anne Churchill, Duchess of Marlborough (1822–1899)
Lady Alexandrina Octavia Maria Vane (1823–1874)
Lord Adolphus Vane-Tempest (1825–1864)
Lady Adelaide Emelina Caroline Vane (c.1830–1882)
Lord Ernest McDonnell Vane-Tempest (1836–1885)
Parents Sir Henry Vane-Tempest, 2nd Bt (1771–1813) and Anne MacDonnell, Countess of Antrim (1778–1834)
Occupation Businesswoman

Frances Anne Vane, Marchioness of Londonderry (17 January 1800 – 20 January 1865) was a wealthy English heiress and noblewoman. She was the daughter of Sir Henry Vane-Tempest, 2nd Baronet and the second wife of Charles Vane, 3rd Marquess of Londonderry.[2][3][4][5][6] Through her daughter, Lady Frances Vane, wife of John Churchill, 7th Duke of Marlborough, she was the great-grandmother of Sir Winston Churchill.

Basic Information[edit]

Frances Anne inherited extensive lands from her father in north east England.[7] Her mother was Anne MacDonnell, 2nd Countess of Antrim. With her husband, she developed an extensive coal mining operation that included coal mines, a railroad, and docks at Seaham.[8]

She became an object of affection for the Tsar Alexander I of Russia after he saw her portrait.[8]

She sought to promote her eldest son's political career and was a patron of Benjamin Disraeli.

Issue[edit]

Titles and styles[edit]

  • 17 January 1800 - 3 April 1819 Lady Frances Anne Vane.
  • 3 April 1819 - 12 August 1822 The Right Honourable The Lady Stewart.
  • 12 August 1822 - 6 March 1854 The Most Honourable The Marchioness of Londonderry.
  • 2 March 1854 - 20 January 1865 The Most Honourable The Dowager Marchioness of Londonderry.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Urquhart, p.71
  2. ^ More letters from Martha Wilmot, edited by Edith, Marchioness of Londonderry and H. M. Hyde (1935)
  3. ^ "A Brief History of Seaham Harbour". www.skylighters.org. Retrieved 2008-08-27. 
  4. ^ Letters from Benjamin Disraeli to Frances Anne, marchioness of Londonderry, 1837–1861, edited by Edith, Marchioness of Londonderry (1938), p.268
  5. ^ "International Genealogical Index". The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. Retrieved 2008-08-27. 
  6. ^ Letters of Disraeli to Lady Bradford and Lady Chesterfield, edited by The Marquess of Zetland (1923)
  7. ^ "Sale of the century as aristocrats auction heirlooms". Daily Telegraph. 
  8. ^ a b Londonderry, Edith, Marchioness of. Francess Anne The life and TImes of Frances Anne Marchioness of Londonderry and her husband Charles Third Marquess of Londonderry. St. Martin's Press, New York 1958.

Bibliography[edit]